Events listed relate to Canadian women with a few extra items added to give the timeline perspective.
This timeline is not all inclusive.
 

LAST UPDATED January 2019

Copyright © 1998-2020  Dawn E. Monroe. All rights reserved 

 ISBN: 0-9736246-0-4

DATES

EVENTS

1700
 
Deaths 1700:
January 12, 1700 -
Died Marguerite Bourgeoys  (1620-1700), founder of the the Congregation de Notre Dame at Montreal
1701 August 4, 1701 - The Great Peace of Montreal between New France and 40 First Nations is finalized

August 4, 1701 Births 1701:

October 15, 1701 -
Born Marie Marguerite d'Youville (1701-1771) founder of the religious order known as "the Grey Nuns".
 
1702 Deaths 1702:
December 28, 1702 -
Died Charlotte-Francoise Juchereau de Saint Denis (1660-1702) noted businesswoman of New France
 
1704 Births 1704:
August 26, 1704 -
Born Marie Anne Fornel (1704-1793) business woman of New France
 
1705 Births 1705:
July 6, 1705 - Born Louise de Ramezay (1705-1776) pioneer businesswoman of New France
 
1708 Deaths 1708:
1708 -
Died
Jeanne Chartier (1646- 1708), Fille du Roi, pioneer of New France
 
1710 Births 1710:
1710 -
Born circa 1710 Marie Joseph Angélique,(1710 ca- 1730)  a back slave who set fire to Montreal to mask her escape with her lover
 
1713 April 11, 1713 - Under the Treaty of Utrecht, France, ending the War of Spanish Succession, recognizes British sovereignty over Hudson Bay, Acadia and Newfoundland. France retains possession of the island of St. Pierre and Miquelon, Ile Royale (Cape Breton) and Ile Saint-Jean (Prince Edward Island). France also gives up its claim to a monopoly of trade with indigenous peoples
 
1714

November 1714 - Thanadelthur (1697?-1717), (originally noted as the ‘slave woman’ in writings of the Hudson Bay Company) arrives at York Factory, a Hudson Bay Company post, after having escaped her Cree Captors
 

1715 Births 1715:
1715 -
Born Elizabeth (Myich/Paine) Doane (1715-1798) pioneer of Nova Scotia skilled in natural medicines and healing and midwifery
 
1716 May 7, 1716 - Thanadelthur (1717?) is given credit for the successful mission between the Hudson Bay Company and the Cree and Chipewyans Source: 100 Canadian heroines : famous and forgotten faces by Merna Forester. Toronto : Dundurn Press, 2004. pg 255.
 
1722 Births 1722:
March 23, 1722 -
Born Margureite Thérèse Lemoine Despins (1722-1792) the 2nd Mother Superior of the Grey Nuns
 
1723 Deaths 1723;
January 14, 1723 - Died Jeanne-Francoise Juchereau De La Ferté (1650-1723) Mother Saint-Ignace
 
1728 Births 1728:
1728 -
Born Sally Ainse Montour (1728-1822?) a historic plaque in Chatham, Ontario commemorates the life of this fiery aboriginal woman
 
1730 Deaths 1730:
April 8, 1730 -
Died Marie Morin (Baptized (1649-1730), the 1st Canadian born woman to become a religious sister
June 28, 1730 - Died Marie Joseph Angélique,(1710 ca- 1730)  a back slave who set fire to Montreal to mask her escape with her lover
 
1731 Births 1731:
October 16, 1731 - Born Jeanne Dugas (1731-1817) pioneer Acadian
1733 Births 1733:
May 14, 1733 -
Born Marie-Josephite Corriveau (1733-1763) La Corriveau, condemned for murdering her husband
 
1734 Births 1734:
1734 -
Born Barbara Heck (1734-1804) founder of early Methodist followings in New York City and Bay of Quinte, Ontario
 
1737
 
1737 - Marguerite d’Youville, (1737-1771) and some friends in Montreal, begin taking in the poor and educating abandoned children Source; Dictionary of Canadian Biography
1738 1738 - Esther Brandeau , in the guise of a cabin boy, is the 1st Jewish woman to arrive in Canada. Eventually she is deported to France for failing to embrace the Roman Catholic religion Source: Dictionary of Canadian Biography
 
1739 A census of Canada records a population of 42,701
1740 Births 1740:
1740 -
Born Mikak (1740-1795) Travelled to England and helped raise funds for Moravarian Missions in North America
 
1741 Births 1741:
1741 - Born Elizabeth 'Mammy" Hopkins (1741 - died after 1817)  British Loyalist who fought in the American Revolution
 
1744 Deaths 1744:
July 1, 1744 -
Died Catherine Jérémie de Lamontagne (1664-1744) midwife & amateur botanist.
 
1745 Births 1745:
1745 -
Born Frances Brooks (1745-1789) novelist who wrote the 1st novel in North America
 
1746 Births 1746:
July 11, 1746 - Born Frederika Charlotte Louise Riedesel (1746-1808) put up 1st Christmas tree in Canada
 
1747 1747 - Marguerite d'Youville (- 1771) founds the Sisters of Charity or the Grey Nuns of Montreal (Source : Dictionary of Canadian Biography)

Deaths 1747:
August 8, 1747 -
Died Madelaine de Verchères, (1678-1747) youth heroine of New France
 
1748 Deaths 1748:
1748 - Died Agathe de Repentigny (1657-1748?) pioneer businesswoman and entrepreneur of new France
 
1749 Births 1749:
1749 -
Born Mary Barbara Fisher (1749-1841)  Loyalist pioneer of Canadian Maritimes
 
1750 The textile industry is established in what is now the province of Quebec. Women have always been a significant proportion of workers in the textile industry

Births 1750:
1750 - Born Helen 'Nelly' MacDonald of Glenaladale (1750?-1803?) pioneer of Prince Edward Island
1752
 
March 23,1752 - Elizabeth Bushell shares with her father in the establishing of the 1st Canadian printing office and Canada's 1st newspaper, the weekly Halifax Gazette begins publishing Source: Women in the Canadian book trade . National Library of Canada (accessed January 2002)

Births 1752:
1752- Born Charlotte Taylor (1752?)-1841), Mother of Tabusintac New Brunswick. * May have been born between 1752-1755)
 

1753 1753 - Marguerite d'Youville (    - 1771) is granted French Royal Charter for the Grey Nuns, Sisters of Charity. Source: Jean Bannerman Leading Ladies Canada. Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing, 1977  pg 34
1755 June 1755 - Hotel Dieu hospital in Quebec City is destroyed by fire Source: Jean Bannerman Leading Ladies Canada. Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing, 1977  pg 20. 

Births 1755:

March 26, 1755 -
Born Marie Catherine Pélissier Sales Laterière (1755-1831) a woman who is a true symbol of one who fought for the rights of individuals
April 26, 1755 - Born Anne Powell (1755-1849) Doyenne of Toronto during War of 1812
September 27, 1755 - Born Marie Anne Paquet (de Saint Olivier) (1755-1831) Ursuline Mother Superior
 
1756 May 17, 1756The Seven Years’ War begins with Britain declaring war on France. It starts in North America and spreads to Europe
1758 1758 - Poor women women of New France protest the food shortages caused by the war with England

Deaths 1758:
July 20 , 1758 -
Died Lydia Longley (1674-1758) the 1st American Nun
 
1759 September 13, 1759 - Both French and English generals die in the Battle of the Plains Abraham. Canada is won by the British

Births 1759:
1759 - Born Catherine Brant (ca 1759-1837) Ohtowa kéhson head woman of the Turtle clan and 3rd wife of Chief Joseph Brant (1743-1807)
 
1760
September 8, 1760 - The Negroes and Panis (Aboriginal Slaves) of both sexes shall remain, in their quality of slaves, in the possession of the French and Canadians to whom they belong: they shall be at liberty to keep them in their service in the colony or sell them...  Source: Article 47 of the Articles of Capitulation, Montreal September 8, 1760


Births 1760:
April 16, 1760 -
Born Jeanne Charlotte Allamand Berczy (1760-1839) pioneer, painter, teacher & one of the founders of Toronto society
 
1761 Births 1761:
1761 - Born Elizabeth Mitchell (ca 1761-1827) heroine of the War of 1812. Source: Women of Courage 1812-2012. (Accessed March 2015.)
 
1762 Births 1762:
1762 -
Born Nancy Morton (1762-???) slave

August 13, 1762 - Born Marie-Henriette LeJeune Ross 'Granny Ross' pioneer scientist and medical pioneer settler
September 22, 1762 - Born Elizabeth Posthuma Simcoe (1762-1850) artist & diarist in Upper Canada
 
1763 February 10, 1763 - France signs the Peace of Paris, ending the Seven Years War, and gives up "Canada" to England except for the Island of St Pierre et Miquelon in the Gulf of St Lawrence

Births 1763:
January 2, 1763 -
Born Hannah Jarvis (1763-1845) pioneer, diarist, and letter writer

Deaths 1763:
April 18, 1763
(?) - Died Marie-Josephite Corriveau (1733-1763) La Corriveau, condemned for murdering her husband
 
1764 Deaths 1764:
February 26, 1764 - Died Thérése de Couagne (1697-1764), astute business woman of New France
 
1766 April 11, 1766 - Fire destroys 1/3 of the town of Montreal

Births 1766:
1766 -
Born Catherine Anne Prevost (1766-1821) wife of Sir Charles Prevost, Governor General of  British North America during War 1812

January 13,1766 - Born Marie-Geneviève Drapeau  Saint-Antoine-de-Tilly, Quebec (1766-1829), a well known and respected business personality of her day
 
1767 Births 1767:
1767- Born Mary Whitmore 'Granny' Hoople (1757-1858) a pioneer woman known as the 'Medicine Maid', she used natural remedies to help the sick

Deaths 1767;
November 15, 1767 - Died
Marie-Charlotte de Ramezay (1697-1767) religious sister & hospital administrator
 
1768  
1770 Births 1770:
November 11, 1770 -
Born Ann Kirby Macaulay (1770-1850) a loyalist who came to Canada and became a successful business woman
 
1771 Deaths 1771:
December 23, 1771 -
Died Marie Marguerite d'Youville (1701-1771) founder of the religious order known as "the Grey Nuns"
 
1773 July 20, 1773 - The 1st Scottish settlers arrive in Pictou, Nova Scotia
1774 June 22, 1774The British Parliament passes the Quebec Act, establishing among other things French civil law, British-based criminal law and religious freedom for Roman Catholics

Births 1774:

1774 - Born Elizabeth Frances Hall (1774-1799) artist who depicted early scenes in the Canadas
 
1775 Births 1775:
1775 -
Born Margaret McLaughlin (1775 ? - 1860) pioneer of the Canadian northwest
1775 - Born Rhoda Skinner (1775-1834) pioneer mother to 37 children
 
1776 April 1, 1776 - The 1st United Empire Loyalists refugees from the American Revolution arrive in Halifax Nova Scotia. Eventually some 40, 000 will settle in various areas of Canada

Deaths 1776:
October 22, 1776 - Died Louise de Ramezay (1705-1776) pioneer businesswoman of New France
 
1780
 

Births 1780:
February 1780 -
Born Marguerite-Magdelaine La Framboise (1780-1846)  Fur trader & entrepreneur

August 2, 1780 - Born Marie-Anne Lagemodiére,  (1780-1875.)  one of the 1st white women to visit such outposts as Red River and Fort Edmonton
 
August 28, 1780 - Born Marie-Louise McLoughlin (1780-1846) Sister se Saint Henri.,Mother Superior of Ursuline order
 
Deaths 1780:
November 28, 1780
-
Died Ester Wheelwright (1696-1780), kidnapped by Indians, she is brought to New France where she grew up and became Mother Superior of the Ursuline Order of nuns
 

1781 1781 - Frederika Charlotte Louise Riedesel (1746-1808) put up 1st Christmas tree in Canada while living in Sorrel, Quebec
 
Births 1781:
August 1781 -
Born Belinda Molony (1781-1865) Sister Mary Xavier of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, established a girls school in Newfoundland

Deaths 1781:
March 30, 1781 -
Died Catherine Quevillon Papineau (1686-1781) pioneer & matriarch of the famous Papineau family
 
1782 Births 1782:
1762 - Born Katherine Pyndar Sherbrooke (1782- 18??) wife of Sir John Coape Sherbrooke, Lt. Governor of Nova Scotia 1811-1816 & Governor General of British North America 1816
 
1783 1783 - Mohawk Molly Brant  (1736-1796) is given a house in Kingston, Ontario and a pension by the British Government for service and loyalty to the Crown during the American Revolution Source: Women in history: a timeline by Kirsten Smith Postmedia News March 3, 2011

May 18,1783 - With the end of the American Revolution, United Empire Loyalists emigrate to the British colonies in Canada with the 1st UEL's reaching Parrtown, Saint John, New Brunswick

Births 1783:
1783 -
Born Marguerite Vincent Lawinonkie (1783-1865) native artist in needlework, moccasin making & snowshoe making
November 29, 1783 -  Born Susan Sibbald, (1783-1866) pioneer & diarist
 

1785 1785 - Barbara Heck (1734-1804) with her husband and four children were among the loyalists who settled in Upper Canada (Augusta) where they established their Methodist beliefs. They had been paramount in establishing the First Methodist Church in New York City prior to seeking sanctuary in Canada as Loyalists

Births 1785:
1785 -
Born Sophia Sims Dalton (1785c- 1859)  the 1st woman to run a newspaper, The Patriot, in Toronto
September 8, 1785 -
Born Mary (Maria) Elizabeth Alexowina Muir (1785-1862) Heroine of the war of 1812

Deaths 1785:
November 26, 1786 -
Died Eunice Williams (1694-1785) pioneer who survived capture by unfriendly Natives to become mother of an North American family dynasty
 
1786 Births 1786:
1786 -
Born Charlotte Small (1786-1857)  pioneer
 
1788 Births 1788:
1788 -
Born- Ann Cuthbert Knight Fleming (1788-1860) Pioneer author of early Canadian text books for children
1788 - Born Susanne Connolly ( La Sauvages of Suzanne Pas de Nom) 1788-1862) Pioneer  aboriginal married to a fur trader and only woman who's legal marriage claim rose to the supreme court
 
1789 1789 - The Bishop of Quebec repots that the number of literate women is higher than the number of literate men in the province. Source: Canadian Chronology (accessed April 28, 2003)

Births 1789:

1789 - Born
Catherine McPherson (1789c-1876) Pioneer settler of the Red River settlement


Deaths 1789:
1789 - Died Frances Brooks (1745-1789) novelist who wrote the first novel in North America
 
1790 Births 1790:
1790 -
Born -
Nancy McTavish Leblanc (1790-1851) Aboriginal name Matooskie, Métis pioneer of western Canada fur trade era.
1790 - Born Nancy Purvis (1790-1839) teacher & school administrator
 
1791

June 10, 1791Britain’s Canada Act divides the new country into Upper Canada, with its capital at Newark (later Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario), & Lower Canada, with Quebec City as its capital
 
1791 - Under the Constitutional Act, 1791 certain owners and tenants were granted qualified voter status, without distinction as to sex. Some women of Lower Canada (Quebec) who met the prerequisites interpreted this constitutional "oversight" as an authorization to vote. It would seem that they were the only women in the British Empire to avail themselves of this right New Brunswick passes a law excluding women from the right to vote. 1849, under the leadership of La Fontaine-Baldwin, this "historical irregularity" was rectified when women were formally prohibited from voting
 
Births 1791:
April 30, 1791 - 
Born Marie Catherine Huot / Sister Sainte -Madeleine. (1791-1869) appointed 3 times as Mother superior of her order
 

1792 June 11, 1792 - The 1st elections are held in Lower Canada (now Quebec). Anyone over 21, including women, who owned property & had not been convicted of a criminal offence could vote

Deaths 1792:

June 6, 1792 -
Died Margureite Thérèse Lemoine Despins (1722-1792) the second Mother Superior of the Grey Nuns
 
1793 July 9, 1793 - An act to prevent any further introduction of slaves and to limit the term of contracts  is passed (chapter VII 33rd George III) Source: Database Canada by Bob Bowman (Toronto, Holt, 1967)

July 20, 1793 -
Explorer, Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean by an overland route

Births 1793:
January 27, 1793 -
Born Marie Rosalie Cadron (1794-1864) Sister Marie De La Nativité, pioneer social worker
May 17,1793 - Born Anna Brownell Jameson, (1794-1860), author
May 24, 1793 - Born Frances Stewart, (1794-1872) pioneer diarist and letter writer


Deaths 1793:
November 16, 1793 - Died  Marie Anne Fornel (1704-1793) business woman of New France
 
1794 Births 1794:
January 27, 1794 -
Born Marie-Rosalie Cadon
Jetté (1794-1864) Sister Marie of the Nativity, social activist.
June 7, 1794 - Born Marie Louise Dorval (1797-1866) a nun & Mother Superior
 
1795 Births 1795:
1795 -
Born
James Miranda Stuart Barry (1795-1865), the 1st 'woman' doctor in the British Army(?) 1857

Deaths 1795:
1795 -
Died: Mikak
(1740-1795) Travelled to England and helped raise funds for Moravarian Missions in North America
 
1796 1796 - The town of York becomes the capital of Upper Canada (Ontario).

Births 1796:
1796 -
Died Molly Brant (1736-1796) aboriginal leader
1796 -
Born Mary McKenzie (1796-1886) early pioneer of the Canadian North West
March 10, 1796 - Born Julia Catherine Hart (1796-1867) author who wrote the 1st work of fiction by a native born Canadian to be published in Canada
December 30, 1796 - Born Mary Ann Soper (1796-1862) itinerate Methodist preacher in Upper Canada
 

1798 December 29, 1798 - Royal Assent is given to legislation recognizing marriages not performed by the Church of England

Births 1798:
1798 -
Born  Susannah Oland (1798-1886) brewer and businesswoman
February 1798 - Born Amelia Harris (1798-1882) diarist

Deaths 1798:
May 24, 1798 -
Died Elizabeth (Myich/Paine) Doane (1715-1798) pioneer of Nova Scotia skilled in natural medicines and healing and midwifery
 
1799 1799 - Jeanne Charlotte Allamand is the 1st recorded female art teacher in Montréal, Quebec

Deaths 1799:
1799 -
Died Elizabeth Frances Hall (1774-1799) artist who depicted early scenes in the Canadas
 

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