January 12, 1700 - Died
(1620-1700), founder of the the Congregation de Notre Dame at
||August 4, 1701 -
The Great Peace of Montreal between New
France and 40 First Nations is finalized.
August 4, 1701 Births
October 15, 1701 - Born Marie Marguerite d'Youville
(1701-1771) founder of the religious order known as "the Grey Nuns".
December 28, 1702 -
Died Charlotte-Francoise Juchereau de Saint Denis
(1660-1702) noted businesswoman of New France.
August 26, 1704 - Born Marie Anne Fornel (1704-1793) business woman
of New France.
July 6, 1705 - Born Louise de Ramezay
(1705-1776) pioneer businesswoman of New France.
1708 - Died Jeanne Chartier (1646- 1708),
Fille du Roi, pioneer of New France.
Born circa 1710 Marie Joseph Angélique,(1710 ca- 1730) a back
slave who set fire to Montreal to mask her escape with her lover.
||April 11, 1713 -
Under the Treaty of Utrecht, France, ending the War of Spanish
Succession, recognizes British sovereignty
over Hudson Bay, Acadia and Newfoundland. France retains possession
of the island of St. Pierre and Miquelon, Ile Royale (Cape Breton) and Ile
Saint-Jean (Prince Edward Island). France also gives up its claim to
a monopoly of trade with indigenous peoples.
November 1714 - Thanadelthur
(originally noted as the ‘slave woman’ in writings of the Hudson Bay
Company) arrives at York Factory, a Hudson Bay Company post, after
having escaped her Cree Captors.
1715 - Born Elizabeth (Myich/Paine) Doane (1715-1798) pioneer of Nova Scotia
skilled in natural medicines and healing and midwifery.
||May 7, 1716 - Thanadelthur
credit for the successful mission between the Hudson Bay Company and
the Cree and Chipewyans. Source : 100 Canadian heroines :
famous and forgotten faces by Merna Forester. Toronto : Dundurn Press,
2004. pg 255.
March 23, 1722 - Born Margureite Thérèse Lemoine Despins (1722-1792)
the 2nd Mother Superior of the Grey Nuns.
1728 - Born Sally Ainse Montour (1728-1822?) a historic
plaque in Chatham, Ontario commemorates the life of this fiery
April 8, 1730 - Died Marie Morin (Baptized (1649-1730), the 1st
Canadian born woman to become a religious sister.
June 28, 1730 - Died
Marie Joseph Angélique,(1710 ca- 1730) a back
slave who set fire to Montreal to mask her escape with her lover.
May 14, 1733 - Born Marie-Josephite Corriveau (1733-1763) La
Corriveau, condemned for murdering her husband.
Born Barbara Heck (1734-1804) founder of early Methodist followings in
New York City and Bay of Quinte, Ontario
|1737 - Marguerite d’Youville, (1737-1771)
and some friends in Montreal, begin taking in the
poor and educating abandoned children. Source; Dictionary of Canadian Biography
||1738 - Esther
Brandeau , in the guise of a cabin boy, is the 1st Jewish woman to arrive in Canada.
Eventually she is deported to France for failing to embrace the
Roman Catholic religion. Source: Dictionary of
A census of Canada records a population of 42,701.
1740 - Born Mikak (1740-1795) Travelled to England and helped raise funds for
Moravarian Missions in North America.
1741 - Born Elizabeth 'Mammy" Hopkins (1741 - died after
1817) British Loyalist who fought in the American Revolution.
July 1, 1744 - Died Catherine Jérémie de Lamontagne
(1664-1744) midwife & amateur botanist.
Born Frances Brooks (1745-1789) novelist who wrote the 1st novel in
July 11, 1746 - Born Frederika Charlotte Louise Riedesel
(1746-1808) put up 1st Christmas tree in Canada.
||1747 - Marguerite d'Youville
(- 1771) founds the Sisters of Charity or the Grey Nuns of
Montreal. (Source : Dictionary of Canadian Biography)
August 8, 1747 - Died Madelaine de Verchères, (1678-1747) youth
heroine of New France.
1748 - Died Agathe de Repentigny (1657-1748?)
pioneer businesswoman and entrepreneur of new France.
1749 - Born Mary Barbara
Fisher (1749-1841) Loyalist pioneer of Canadian Maritimes.
||The textile industry is
established in what is now the province of Quebec. Women have always
been a significant proportion of workers in the textile industry.
March 23,1752 -
Elizabeth Bushell shares with her
father in the establishing of the 1st Canadian printing office and
Canada's 1st newspaper,
the weekly Halifax Gazette begins
publishing. Source: Women in the Canadian book trade .
National Library of Canada http://nlc-bnc.ca (accessed January 2002)
1752- Born Charlotte Taylor (1752?)-1841),
Mother of Tabusintac New Brunswick. * May have been born between
Marguerite d'Youville (
- 1771) is granted French Royal Charter for the
Grey Nuns, Sisters of Charity. Source:
Jean Bannerman Leading Ladies Canada. Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing,
1977 pg 34
1755 - Hotel Dieu hospital in Quebec City is destroyed by fire.
Source Jean Bannerman Leading Ladies
Canada. Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing, 1977 pg 20.
March 26, 1755 - Born Marie Catherine Pélissier Sales Laterière
(1755-1831) a woman who is a true symbol of one who fought for the
rights of individuals.
April 26, 1755 - Born Anne Powell (1755-1849) Doyenne of
Toronto during War of 1812.
September 27, 1755 - Born Marie Anne Paquet (de Saint Olivier)
(1755-1831) Ursuline Mother Superior.
May 17, 1756
– The Seven Years’ War begins with Britain declaring war on France. It
starts in North America and spreads to Europe.
Poor women women of New France protest the food
shortages caused by the war with England.
July 20 , 1758 -
Died Lydia Longley
(1674-1758) the 1st American Nun.
September 13, 1759 - Both French and English generals
die in the Battle of the Plains Abraham. Canada is won by the
1759 - Born Catherine Brant (ca 1759-1837)
Ohtowa kéhson head woman of the Turtle clan and 3rd wife of Chief
Joseph Brant (1743-1807)
September 8, 1760 - The Negroes and Panis
(Aboriginal Slaves) of both sexes shall remain, in their quality
of slaves, in the possession of the French and Canadians to whom
they belong: they shall be at liberty to keep them in their
service in the colony or sell them... Source:
Article 47 of the
Articles of Capitulation, Montreal September 8, 1760
April 16, 1760 - Born Jeanne Charlotte Allamand Berczy
(1760-1839) pioneer, painter, teacher & one of the founders of
1761 - Born
Elizabeth Mitchell (ca 1761-1827) heroine of the War of 1812.
Source: Women of Courage 1812-2012. Readingandremembrance.ca/forms/RR2012/womenofcourage.pdf
(Accessed March 2015.)
August 13, 1762 - Born Marie-Henriette LeJeune Ross
'Granny Ross' pioneer scientist and medical pioneer settler.
10, 1763 - France signs the Peace of Paris, ending the Seven
Years War, and gives up "Canada"
to England except for the Island of St Pierre et Miquelon in the Gulf
of St Lawrence.
January 2, 1763 -
Born Hannah Jarvis (1763-1845) pioneer,
diarist, and letter writer.
April 18, 1763
(?) - Died Marie-Josephite Corriveau (1733-1763) La
Corriveau, condemned for murdering her husband.
February 26, 1764 - Died Thérése de Couagne
(1697-1764), astute business woman of New France.
11, 1766 - Fire destroys 1/3 of the town of Montreal.
1766 - Born Catherine Anne Prevost (1766-1821) wife of Sir
Charles Prevost, Governor General of British North America
during War 1812.
January 13,1766 - Born
Marie-Geneviève Drapeau Saint-Antoine-de-Tilly, Quebec (1766-1829),
a well known and respected business personality of her day.
1767- Born Mary Whitmore 'Granny' Hoople (1757-1858) a pioneer woman
known as the 'Medicine Maid', she used natural remedies to help the
November 15, 1767 - Died
Marie-Charlotte de Ramezay (1697-1767) religious sister & hospital
November 11, 1770 - Born Ann Kirby Macaulay (1770-1850) a
loyalist who came to Canada and became a successful business woman.
December 23, 1771 - Died Marie Marguerite
d'Youville (1701-1771) founder of the religious order known as "the
||July 20, 1773 - The 1st
Scottish settlers arrive in Pictou, Nova Scotia
June 22, 1774
The British Parliament passes the Quebec Act, establishing among
other things French civil law, British-based criminal law and
religious freedom for Roman Catholics.
1774 - Born Elizabeth
Frances Hall (1774-1799) artist who depicted early scenes in the
McLaughlin (1775 ? - 1860) pioneer of the Canadian northwest.
1775 - Born Rhoda Skinner (1775-1834) pioneer mother to 37
April 1, 1776 - The 1st United Empire
Loyalists refugees from the American Revolution arrive in Halifax
Nova Scotia. Eventually some 40, 000 will settle in various areas of Canada.
October 22, 1776 -
Louise de Ramezay (1705-1776) pioneer businesswoman of New France.
February 1780 -
Born Marguerite-Magdelaine La Framboise
(1780-1846) Fur trader & entrepreneur.
August 2, 1780 -
Born Marie-Anne Lagemodiére, (1780-1875.)
one of the 1st white women to visit such outposts as Red River and
August 28, 1780 - Born Marie-Louise McLoughlin (1780-1846)
Sister se Saint Henri.,Mother Superior of Ursuline order.
November 28, 1780 -
Died Ester Wheelwright (1696-1780), kidnapped by Indians, she is
brought to New France where she grew up and became Mother Superior
of the Ursuline Order of nuns.
||1781 - Frederika Charlotte Louise Riedesel
(1746-1808) put up 1st Christmas tree in
Canada while living in Sorrel, Quebec.
August 1781 -
Born Belinda Molony (1781-1865) Sister Mary Xavier of the
Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, established a girls school
March 30, 1781 -
Died Catherine Quevillon Papineau (1686-1781) pioneer & matriarch of the famous Papineau
1762 - Born Katherine Pyndar Sherbrooke (1782-
18??) wife of Sir John Coape Sherbrooke, Lt. Governor of Nova Scotia
1811-1816 & Governor General of British North America 1816.
||1783 - Mohawk Molly
Brant (1736-1796) is given a house in Kingston, Ontario and a pension by the
British Government for service and loyalty to the Crown during the
American Revolution. Source: Women in history: a
timeline by Kirsten Smith Postmedia News March 3, 2011
May 18,1783 -
With the end of the American Revolution,
United Empire Loyalists emigrate to the British colonies in Canada
with the 1st UEL's reaching Parrtown, Saint John, New Brunswick.
November 29, 1783 -
Born Susan Sibbald, (1783-1866)
- Barbara Heck (1734-1804) with her husband and four children were among
the loyalists who settled in Upper Canada (Augusta) where they
established their Methodist beliefs. They had been paramount in
establishing the First Methodist Church in New York City prior to
seeking sanctuary in Canada as Loyalists.
Born Sophia Sims Dalton (1785c- 1859) the 1st woman to run
a newspaper, The Patriot, in Toronto.
September 8, 1785 - Born Mary (Maria) Elizabeth Alexowina Muir
(1785-1862) Heroine of the war of 1812.
November 26, 1786 -
Died Eunice Williams (1694-1785) pioneer who
survived capture by unfriendly Natives to become mother of an North
American family dynasty.
1786 - Born Charlotte
Small (1786-1857) Canadian Pioneer.
1788 - Born- Ann Cuthbert Knight Fleming (1788-1860) Pioneer author of early
Canadian text books for children.
1788 - Born Susanne Connolly ( La Sauvagess of Suzanne Pas de
Nom) 1788-1862) Pioneer aboriginal married to a fur trader and
only woman who's legal marriage claim rose to the supreme court.
The Bishop of Quebec repots that the number of literate women is
higher than the number of literate men in the province.
Source: Canadian Chronology http://tdi.uregina.ca/~maguirec/chron.htm
(accessed April 28, 2003)
1789 - Born Catherine McPherson (1789c-1876) Pioneer settler of
the Red River settlement.
Died Frances Brooks (1745-1789)
novelist who wrote the first novel in North America.
Born - Nancy McTavish
Leblanc (1790-1851) Aboriginal name Matooskie, Métis pioneer of
western Canada fur trade era.
1790 - Born Nancy Purvis (1790-1839) teacher & school
June 10, 1791
– Britain’s Canada
Act divides the new country into Upper Canada, with its capital at
Newark (later Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario), & Lower Canada, with
Quebec City as its capital.
Under the Constitutional Act, 1791
certain owners and tenants were granted qualified voter status,
without distinction as to sex. Some women of Lower Canada (Quebec)
who met the prerequisites interpreted this constitutional
"oversight" as an authorization to vote. It would seem that they
were the only women in the British Empire to avail themselves of
this right New Brunswick passes a law excluding women from
the right to vote. 1849, under the leadership of La
Fontaine-Baldwin, this "historical irregularity" was rectified when
women were formally prohibited from voting.
April 30, 1791 -
Catherine Huot / Sister Sainte -Madeleine. (1791-1869) appointed 3
times as Mother superior of her order.
11, 1792 - The 1st elections are held in Lower Canada (now
Quebec). Anyone over 21, including women, who owned property & had
not been convicted of a criminal offence could vote
June 6, 1792 -
Margureite Thérèse Lemoine Despins (1722-1792) the second Mother
Superior of the Grey Nuns.
9, 1793 - An act to prevent any further introduction of slaves
and to limit the term of contracts is passed (chapter VII 33rd
George III). Source: Database Canada by Bob
Bowman (Toronto, Holt, 1967)
July 20, 1793 - Explorer, Alexander Mackenzie reaches the
Pacific Ocean by an overland route.
January 27, 1793 - Born Marie Rosalie Cadron (1794-1864) Sister
Marie De La Nativité, pioneer social worker.
May 17,1793 -
Born Anna Brownell Jameson, (1794-1860), author.
May 24, 1793 -
Born Frances Stewart, (1794-1872) pioneer
diarist and letter writer.
November 16, 1793 -
Marie Anne Fornel (1704-1793) business woman of New France.
January 27, 1794 - Born Marie-Rosalie Cadon
(1794-1864) Sister Marie of the Nativity, social activist.
June 7, 1794 - Born Marie Louise Dorval (1797-1866) a nun &
1795 - Born
James Miranda Stuart
the 1st 'woman' doctor
in the British Army(?) 1857.
1795 - Died: Mikak (1740-1795) Travelled to
England and helped raise funds for Moravarian Missions in North
The town of York becomes the capital of Upper Canada
1796 - Died Molly Brant (1736-1796) aboriginal leader
Born Mary McKenzie (1796-1886) early pioneer of the
Canadian North West
March 10, 1796 - Born Julia Catherine Hart
(1796-1867) author who wrote the 1st work of fiction by a native
born Canadian to be published in Canada.
||December 29, 1798 -
Royal Assent is given to legislation recognizing marriages not
performed by the Church of England.
Born Susannah Oland (1798-1886) brewer and businesswoman
February 1798 - Born Amelia Harris (1798-1882) diarist
May 24, 1798 - Died Elizabeth (Myich/Paine) Doane (1715-1798)
pioneer of Nova Scotia skilled in natural medicines and healing and
- Jeanne Charlotte Allamand is the
1st recorded female art teacher in Montréal, Quebec.
(Source: www.canadianstudies.ab.ca (accessed May 2002)
Died Elizabeth Frances Hall (1774-1799) artist who
depicted early scenes in the Canadas.