Events listed relate to Canadian women with a few extra items added to give the timeline perspective.
This timeline is not all inclusive.


LAST UPDATED January 2019

Copyright © 1998-2020  Dawn E. Monroe. All rights reserved 

 ISBN: 0-9736246-0-4



January 1910 - The Pioneer Political Equality League of Vancouver is formed with the objective of gaining the vote for women

1910 - Girl Guides of Canada holds its 1st meeting and is founded

1910 - The federal Naval Service Bill creates Canada's Navy

March 4, 1910 -
The Royal Canadian Navy is formed

May 5, 1910 - The British Columbia Political Equity League is formed with the objective of gaining the vote for women

1910 - The province of Alberta passes The Married Women’s Relief Act, which authorizes the Alberta courts  to give a widow part of her husband’s estate if he did not adequately provide for her. Previously these women had been left destitute

1910 -
Province of Quebec legislates women textile working hours to fifty eight (58) hours per week

1910 - Mattie Mayers (1850-1953) arrives with her husband and 12 other Black families to settle the 1st Black community in Saskatchewan

1910 - Léonise Valois
(1888-1936) is the 1st woman to publish poetry in the province of Quebec

1910 - The National Council of Women holds its annual meeting in Halifax, Nova Scotia stimulating the founding of a local council which soon fizzled out.

1910 -
The National Council of Women goes public in favour of suffrage
Source: Women in History; a timeline by Kirsten Smith, Postmedia News March 9, 2011.  

1910 - the Business and Professional Woman's Club is founded in Toronto by Mrs. Helen Parker. Miss Mary Lean Becomes the 1st President  Source: Business and Professional Women's official website. Accessed May 2013.

1910 -
The Socialist International, meeting in Copenhagen, established a Women's Day, international in character, to honour the movement for women's rights and to assist in achieving universal suffrage for women. The proposal was greeted with unanimous approval by the conference of over 100 women from 17 countries, which included the 1st three women elected to the Finnish parliament. No fixed date was selected for the observance

1910 -
Heinz ketchup production begins in Leamington, Ontario Source: Culinary Journey.

1910 - Georgina Binnie-Clark (1871-1947) offers to train any woman who wants to learn farming

November 1910 - The Political Equality League of Victoria, British Columbia is formed with Mrs. Gordon Grant as President. The group eventually merged with the Political Equality League of Vancouver to form a provincial league

1910 -
Female teachers in the city of Toronto earned $400.00 to $900.00 per year while male teachers earned $900.00 to $1400.00 per year  Source: Janet Ray, Towards Women’s Rights, Toronto, Grolier Ltd, 1981.  

1910 - The Young Women’s Hebrew Association (YWHA) of Montreal is established

Births 1910:
1910 -
Born Florence Diamond Bean (1910-1993)  journalist & active member Women's Institutes internationally
1910 -
Born Elizabeth Cordelia 'Corrie' Eaton (1910-2015) indomitable woman doctor
1910- -
Born Helen Kemp Frye (1910-1986) academic
1910 -
Born Laure Eva Rièse (1910-1996) 1st woman faculty member of University of Toronto to earn her PhD 1946
1910 -
Born Constance Garner-Short (1910-1959) one of four women who were 1st lawyers called to the Bar in Quebec
1910 -
Ester Binder (1910-2007) Social activist & community volunteer in Manitoba, member of the Order of the Buffalo Hunt
1910 -
Born Doris Buckingham (1910-1988) a stage & radio actress who created Vancouver's Theatre Under the Stars
1910 - Born Sylvia Gelber (1910-2003)
feminist & Canadian United Nations delegate
1910 - Born Dorothy Macham (1910-2002) WW veteran nurse and nursing administrator
1910 -
Born Vera Lysenko (1910-1995), nurse, journalist, & novelist

1910 - Born Jean MacLean Reed (1910-  ) nurse & artist from P.E.I.
February 14, 1910 - Born Doris Ogilvie (1919-2012) deputy judge Juvenile & provincial courts & strong supporter of women's rights
February 18, 1910 - Isobel Anderson (1910-1999) Deaconess and leader in the United Church of Canada
February 18, 1910 -
Born Joan Miller (1910-1988) actor
March 24, 1911 -
Born Simone David-Raymond (1911-2012) social activist in Montreal
March 24, 1910 -
Joy Roberts-White (1910-2013) broadcast journalist who worked for BBC, CBC, Reuters and CTV
April 12, 1910 - Born Frances Claudet-Johnson (1910-2001) champion figure skater
June 10, 1910 -
Born Alice Elizabeth Jean Lunn (1910-1998) librarian,1st head of cataloguing at the National Library of Canada

June 14, 1910 -
Lucile Garner Grant (1910-2013) 1st woman hired as a stewardess by Trans-Canada Airlines
July 7, 1910 - Born Doris Jean McCarthy (1910-2010) acclaimed artist Order of Ontario
July 19, 1910 -
Born Jean Wilson (1910-1933) North American Indoor speed skating champion and Olympic team medalist.
August 6, 1910 - Born Rena Lasnier (1910-1991) poet
August 13, 1910 - Born Gwendolyn Ringwood (1910-1984) Governor General Award winner for outstanding service to Drama
August 19, 1910 - Born Katherine Boehner Hockin (1910-1993) religious leader & educator United Church of Canada
August 25, 1910 - Born Ethel Stark (1910-2012) 1st woman soloist heard on radio
September 1, 1910 -
Born Hilda Strike (1910 - 1989 ) Olympic medalist in 1932
September 15, 1910 - Born Patricia Bloomfield-Holt (1910-2003) musician & composer
November 6,1911 -
Born Dorothy Kate Burnham (1911-2004) author & museum curator of textiles
November 17, 1910 -
Born  Margaret MacDonald (1910-1968) Member of Parliament who filled the seat of her  husband
November 26, 1910 - Born Aileen Alethea Meagher (1910-1987) medal winning track athlete

Deaths 1910:
February 26, 1910 -
Adelaide Hoodless (1857-1910) social activist & founder of the Women's Institutes.
March 15, 1910 - Died
Marjory McLaren (MacLaren) (1830-1910) volunteer & worker for the Women's Missionary Society of the Presbyterian Church of Canada
August 20, 1910 - Died
Louisa Goddard Frothingham-Molson (1827-1910) social activist & philanthropist
September 29, 1910 - Died
Matilda Edgar (1844-1910) historian
1911 1911 - The population of women in Canada is 3, 385,000 or 49.9 % of the population. The number of women self-declared having been born outside Canada is 614,000

1911 -
The average family size, including adults, is 4-8 people

1911 - The number of women participating in the formal, paid workforce is 366,629 or 13.5% of the paid workforce

1911 -
The percentage of university students who are women is 16.3% of the overall student population

1911 - Maud Leonora Menten
(1879-1960.) is the 1st Canadian woman to receive her medical doctorate. She received the degree from the University of Toronto

1911 - Dorthea Mitchell (1877-1976) becomes the 1st single woman in Ontario to apply for and be granted title to Crown Land.

1911 -
The Saskatchewan Deserted Wives’ Maintenance Act requires husbands to pay support if they deserted their wives or forced them to leave

March 19, 1911 -
1st international Woman’s Day is observed in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland

May 9, 1911 - A pregnant Angelina Napolitano (1883?-1924?) is convicted of murdering her abusive husband and sentenced to hang. There was a massive British and North American wide outburst of protest which caused reduction of the sentence to life in prison Source: Franca Iacovetta . Angelina Napolitano , in Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Online edition ( Accessed July 2005)

June 22, 1911 - A monument to honour Laura Secord (1775-1868) is unveiled at Lundy's Lane, Ontario Source Jean Bannerman Leading Ladies Canada. Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing, 1977  pg 15

1911 - 
The Women's College Hospital and Dispensary is opened with 7 beds Source: A history of Women's College  (Accessed February 2006)

1911 - The Proctor and Gamble Company develops hydrogenated vegetable shortening called Crisco Source: Culinary Journey. submitted to Famous Canadian Women by Michelle de cevito, Cochrane, Ontario

1911 - The Ontario College of Art is established in Toronto Source: Important Moments in Canadian Art History compiled by Dr. Robert J. Belton,  University of British Columbia, Okanagan Creative Projects (accessed February 2006)

1911 - The New York Electric Exhibition introduces the world to electric skillets, grills, toasters and waffle irons!  Source: Culinary Journey. submitted to Famous Canadian Women by Michelle de cevito, Cochrane, Ontario

Births 1911:
1911 -
Born Kay Christie (1911-1994) nurse with Royal Canadian Medical Corps, POW (prisoner of war) in Hong Kong
1911 -
Born Doris Horwood (1911-2003) lexicographer
1911 -
Born Gertrude 'Trudi' Le Caine (1911-1999) social activist in Ottawa, Order of Canada
1911 -
Born Helen May McKercher (1911-1985) agricultural education activist
1911 -
Born Rebecca Belle Watson (1911? - 1976) Vancouver, British Columbia Community Activist
1911 -
Born Rita Laroque Morel (1911-2011) public servant
1911 - Born Leola Ellen Neal (1911-1995) psychologist
1911 - Born Agnes C. O'Dea (1911-1993) librarian and bibliographer

January 27, 1911 -
Born Blanche Margaret Meagher (1912-1999) pioneer Canadian diplomat
February 22, 1911 - Born Betty Edwards Tancock (1911-2009) medal winning and record setting swimmer
April 3, 1911 - Born Nanette Bordeaux, (1911-1956) actor
April 30, 1911 - Born Kay Smith (1911-2004) poet
May 13, 1912 -
Agnes Deans Cameron (1863-1912) teacher, school administrator and journalist
May 11, 1911 -
Born Evelyn Laura Brandon (1911-1998), historian
May 12, 1911 - Born Dorothy Wetherald Rungeling (1911-2018) pilot & author
June 18, 1911 -
Born Evelyn Bowen (1911-1999) , stage actress who organized and directed the first all Negro dram group in Canada
June 18, 1911 - Born Clare Bernhardt (1911-1993) author and journalist who composed Canada's Centennial Hymn
June 29, 1911 - Born Katherine De Mille (1911-1995) movie actor
July 11, 1911 - Born Helen Griffith Wylie Watson (1911-1974) award winning nurse & officer in the Order of Canada
July 31, 1911 - Born Lyn Harrington (1911-    ) children's award winning author.
August 1911 - Born Ruth Haythorn (1911-2010) educator
September 1911 - Born Alice Moulton (1911-1912) librarian with the University of Toronto
September 1, 1911 - Born Helen Pauline Wattie (1911-2009) educator
September 28, 1911 - Born Ivy Eastwood Granstrom (1911-2004) blind athlete
October 15-1911 - Born Anna Gertrude Ingham (1911-  ) educator
December 12, 1911 -
Born Martha Shepard (1911-2009) librarian with responsibility of establishing the National Library of Canada
December 27, 1911 - Born Anna Claudia Russell (1911-2006) comedienne considered the best in the world in her day

1912 1912 - Carrie Derrick (1862-1941) is the 1st woman in Canada to become a full professor,  a professor of Morphological Botany at McGill University in Montreal

1912 - The Manitoba Illegitimate Children’s Act provides that an unwed mother can bring court action against the alleged father, if her claims are substantiated, he can be forced to pay support and expenses

1912 -  
Canadian Women’s Press Club of Calgary is founded Source Linda Kay, Sweet Sixteen :the journey that inspired the Canadian Women’s Press Club (McGill-Queens Press, 2012)

1912 - Anna Minerva Henderson
(1887 - 1987) became the 1st Black Canadian appointed to the permanent federal civil service Source: Herstory: The Canadian Women's calendar. 2008  (Saskatoon Women's Calendar Collective / Coteau Books, 2007)

February  1912 - The British Columbia Legislature, in an attempt to appease women in their political demands for equality, passes a law that  allows women to be called to the Bar and practice Law in the province. The British Columbia Act to Remove the Disability So Far as Relates to the Study and Practice of Law Source:  SBC 1912.

June 4, 1912 -
The 2nd annual meeting of the Toronto Business and Professional Women's Club is held boasting of a membership of 200

September 23, 24, & 25,
1912  - The 1st Calgary Stampede takes place. Canadian Flores Le Due (1883-1951) wins the World Champion Trick and Fancy Roper, her 1st of three such titles

1912 -
A Dominion Council is formed to oversee Girl Guides in Canada with Lady Mary Pellatt  (1857-1924) at the head of the council

1912 -
Priscilla Penery French
(1881-1955) Is the 1st woman lawyer in the province of British Columbia  Source: British Columbia Federation of Labour.

1912 -
The British Columbia Federation of Labour lends its support to the forces demanding equality and right to vote for women in British Columbia

1912 - The Winnipeg Political Equality League is formed in Manitoba. It would become a powerful and effective organization led by Lillian Beynon Thomas (1874-1961).

1912 -
The British Columbia Federation of Labour lends its support to the forces demanding equality and right to vote for women in British Columbia

1912 - The Oreo cookie appears for the 1st time on the market. Yummy! Source: Culinary Journey. submitted to Famous Canadian Women by Michelle de cevito, Cochrane, Ontario

Births 1912:
1912 -
Born Bettie L. Cole (1912 - ?) j
1912 -
Born Audrey Burger (1912-1988) Social activist for public housing
1912 -
Born Dorothy Howarth (1912 -   ) award winning journalist with the Toronto Telegram
1912 -
Born Agnes Martin (1912-2004) one of the world's foremost abstract painter
1912 -
Born Clara Muskat (1912 -   ) one of the 1st Jewish women lawyers in Ontario
1912 -
Born Helen Frances Okuloski (1912-1993) one of the1st women lawyers in Hamilton, Ontario
1912 -
Born Dora Russell (1912-1986) teacher, journalist & community worker with Girl Guides
January 2, 1912 -
Born Barbara Lally Pentland, (1912-2000) one of the 1st Canadian composers to use avant-garde techniques in her music
January 3, 1912 - Born Louise Marguerite Renaude Lapoint (1912-2002) politician
January 16, 1912 - Born Anne Adamson Campbell (1912-2011) choir conductor and founder, Order of Canada
March 1, 1912 -
Born Janet Cochrane (1912-1994) social activist for First Nations living in urban centers
March 19, 1912 -
Born Margaret Grant Andrew (1912-1982) social activist for the Arts on Canada's west coast
March 25, 1912 - Born Yoshiko Kasahara (1912-1966) noted population statistician
May 27, 1912 - Born Marie Therese Goulet (1912-1971) Métis teacher & author.
June 16, 1912 - Born Anne Campbell (1912-2011) award winning choral conductor
June 29, 1912 - Born Agnes Fontaine (1912-1988) a mother of 15 who received the Queen Elizabeth Coronation Medal for community services 
July 12, 1912 - Born Jagdish Kaur Singh (1912-1991) businesswoman
August 14, 1912 - Born Hilda May Cameron Young (1912-2001)  Olympic Medal winner in Track and Field in 1936 Olympic Games
August 23, 1912 - Born Jean Bruce Dawson (1912-1999) a nurse by training she became an artist
August 25, 1912 - Born
Muriel Flexman (1912-2003) journalist & 1st woman to work at Canadian Press
October 28, 2012 - Born Nancy Lee Tegart (1912-2012) pioneer in British Columbia
November 12, 1912 - Born
Martha Scarrow (1912-1971) political member of the C.C.F. Party in Ontario

Deaths 1912:
February 15, 1912 -
Died Annie Linda Hayr-Jack (1839-1912) Canada's 1st woman professional garden journalist
March 23, 1912 -
Nancy Alexander (1824-1912) Black pioneer
May 10, 1912 -
Frances Amelia Tupper ( 1826-1912) wife of Prime Minister Sir Charles Tupper (1821-1915)
November 1, 1912 - Died Mabel Barriston ( ? -1912) actress
1913 January  1913 - Women in Hamilton, Ontario are allowed to vote in municipal elections for aldermen and mayor

1913 -
Canada's 1st feature film, Evangeline is produced in Halifax, Nova Scotia Source: Important Moments in Canadian Art History compiled by Dr. Robert J. Belton,  University of British Columbia, Okanagan Creative Projects (accessed February 2006)

1913 -
A 10,000 signature petition supporting votes for women was presented to Premier McBride of British Columba by a delegation of 72 women. He remained steadfast in his support against votes for women Source:  Janet Ray, Towards Women’s Rights, Toronto, Grolier Ltd, 1981.  

June 3, 1913 - The Queen Mary Hospital for Tuberculosis Children, the only hospital in the world devoted to the treatment of children with this disease, is opened. In 1924 the Hospital's name is changed to Toronto Hospital for Consumptives was known commonly as The Weston Sanitarium or Weston Hospital.

June 1913 -
Mary M. Minty and Marcia J. Levitt become the 1st women appointed and attached to the Toronto Police Department Source: Herstory: Milestones in the History of the Toronto Police Service Women Online Accessed June 2011.

1913 -The Royal Canadian Academy "relaxes" it rules that withhold membership from women Source: Important Moments in Canadian Art History compiled by Dr. Robert J. Belton,  University of British Columbia, Okanagan Creative Projects (accessed February 2006)

July 31, 1913 - Alys McKey Bryant,
(1880-1954) an American, is the 1st woman to pilot an airplane in Canada when she performs in an exhibition flight for Prince Albert, Duke of York (future George VI)

1913 – Cecelia Rebecca Green,
Victoria British Columbia is the 1st woman to study law in British Columbia

1913 -The 1st degree program in Household Sciences at the University of Toronto. In 1913. The course grew out of the 1902 Lillian Massey School of Household Science and Art Source: Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Online (Accessed January 2013)

1913 - The Methodist Ladies Aid is formed in Toronto Source: Voices of United Church Women 1962-2002. Edited by Elizabeth Gillan Muir. (Toronto; United Church of Canada, 2002)

1913 - New Brunswick Women's Institutes hold their 1st provincial convention Source: New Brunswick Women's History online. Accessed June 2013.

1913 - The Equal Franchise League of Edmonton, Alberta is founded

1913 -
The Canadian Ladies Golf Union is formed

1913 -
The 1st women's ice hockey competitions are held in the Maritimes with the Reds and Blues and the Kananites of Nova Scotia

November 13, 1913 - In support of the women’s franchise movement the Montreal Herald allowed women to create the edition of the newspaper and then go out on the streets to sell copies Source: Janet Ray, Towards Women’s Rights, Toronto, Grolier Ltd, 1981.  

December 31, 1913 - The Ottawa Police Force hires its 1st woman officer Flora Ann Campbell (1883-1961) who mainly to help charged women in court

1913 -
The Ezras Noshem (women’s help) Society of Toronto is founded

1913 – The Friendly League of Jewish Women in Montreal, Quebec formed a Welcome Club for Jewish women workers

Births 1913:
1913 -
Born Mary Ainsworth (1913-1999) psychologist
1913 -
Born Willa Walker (1913- 2010) author
1913 -
Born Margaret Craig Eaton Dunn (1913-1988) Director General Canadian Women's Army Corp 1944
1913 - Born Eileen Tallman Sufrin (1913-1999) social activist who led Eaton's Employees in an attempt to unionize
January 18, 1913 -
Born Gwethalyn Graham. (1913-1935) award winning author
February 2, 1913 - Born Mercedes Palomino (1913-2006) actor, broadcaster & theatre director
March 5, 1913 -
Born Evelyn Blankstein (1913-2001) architect
March 10, 1913 - Born Marge Saunders (1913-2010) Olympic Archer 1972
April 3, 1913 - Born Wilhelmina 'Willa' Walker (1913-2010) Commanding Officer of the Woman's Division , RCAF
April 9, 1913 -
Born Saida Gerrard (1913-2005)  made significant contributions to  modern dance in Canada
April 24, 1913 - Born Violet Archer (1913-2000) musician & award winning composer
April 30, 1913 - Born Edith Margaret Fowke (1913-1996) folklorist, collector, writer, & teacher
May 3, 1913 - Born Joyce Carmen Barkhouse (1913-2012) poet
May 10, 1913 - Born Reva Brooks  (1913-2004) pioneer photographer
May 24, 1913 -
Born Phyllis Georgie Haslam (1913-1991) social activist with Elizabeth Fry Society working with female prisoners.
June 15, 1913 -
Born Mary John Sr (1913-2004) Aboriginal leader and activist for Carrier language
June 24, 1913 -
Born Isobel MacLeod (1913-   ) nursing administrator
July 23, 1913 -
Born Erica Deichmann Gregg (1913-1989) potter
July 26, 1913 -
Born Dorothy Corrigan (1913-  ) Mayor of Charlottetown, P.E.I., Order of Canada 1978.
September 3, 1913 - Born Bronislawa 'Betty' Barban (1913-2013) pianist who became 1st conductor of the St John Symphony
September 11, 1913 -
Born Hilda Ranscombe (1913-1999) hockey player & member of Canadian Sport Hall of Fame.
October 9, 1913 -
Born Charlotte Bastien (1913-2005) Librarian & private secretary to National Librarian Guy Sylvester
November 5, 1913 -
Born Joyce Anne Marriott (1913-1947) poet
November 7, 1913 -
Born Elizabeth Bradford Holbrook (1913-2009) internationally acclaimed sculptor
November 16, 1913 -
Born Dora de Pédery-Hunt (1913-  ) sculptor & designer of medals
November 17, 1913 -
Born Elizabeth Bradford Holbrook ( 1913-    ) international acclaimed sculptor
December 1, 1913 -
Born Mary Ainsworth (1913-1999) psychologist
December 18, 1913 -
Born Emma Caslor (1913-1977) folksinger & pianist

Deaths 1913:
1913 -
Died Elizabeth Frame (1820-1913) teacher & author
1913 - Died
Marion Oliver (1855-1913) one of the 1st Canadian medical missionaries in India
March 7, 1913 - Died
Pauline Johnson, (1861-1913) Canada's 1st renowned Aboriginal poet
April 10, 1913 - Died Annie Emma Affleck Thompson (1845-1913) wife of Prime Minister Sir John Thompson (1845-1894)
April 11, 1913  - Died
Amelia Yeomans (1842-1913) pioneer medical doctor & feminist
May 1, 1913 - Died Agnes Dunbar Fitzgibbon Chamberlin (1833-1913) author & painter
October 26, 1913 -
Died Ada Borradaile Chipman (1860?-1913) organized Woman's Art Association for women in 1907

1914 January 28, 1914 - Canadian suffragettes hold a Mock Parliament at the Walker Theater, Winnipeg, Manitoba, to agitate for votes for women

1914 - The Canadian government initiates the Naturalization Act which stipulates that a Canadian woman would lose her status as a British subject if she married a man of another country and she would not regain her British subject status on the death of her husband. Males on the other hand did not lose their British subject status if they married a woman from another country and his wife automatically became a British subject Note: Canadian Citizenship was not enacted until 1947.

1914 - The Supreme Court in the case Quong-wing vs. the Queen upholds as Saskatchewan law that prohibits Chinese businesses  from hiring white women

1914 -
During World War 1 Black women of Canada formed the Black Cross Nurses to aid wounded soldiers and work in Black communities

1914 -
An Ontario provincial Act to Amend the Factory, Shop, and Office Building Act prohibits Oriental persons from employing white females (Statutes of Ontario 1914 c. 40)

1914 -
The Liberal Party of Manitoba adopted an equal franchise policy but even with the support of the suffragists of Manitoba the Conservative Part was elected to power in the provincial legislature

1914 -
The 1st women's hockey championship for the province of Ontario was held in in Picton  used with permission

1914 - Alice Jane Jamieson (1860-1949) is appointed by the Government of British Columbia as judge in juvenile Court. She is the 1st woman in the British Empire to hold such a  position
Sources: Kay Sanderson, 200 Remarkable Alberta Women, (Famous 5 Foundation, 1999) online (accessed July 2015); Alice Jamieson (accessed July 2015)

1914 - The Women’s Christian Temperance Union reached a membership of 16,000 across Canada

- The National Council of Women begins publishing, 1914-1921, the Monthly Journal  with the purpose to educate women about public issues and the reforms that were needed, and to provide a forum for discussion by different women's groups  Source: Roberts, Barbara. Reconstructed World: A Feminist Biography of Gertrude Richardson. McGill-Queen's Press. (accessed August 2, 2014).

June 11, 1914 - The Suffrage Club in Nova Scotia is established at Mrs. Wright's home to work on granting women the right to vote throughout the province

August  4, 1914 - Canada automatically at war with Germany when Britain declares war, World War 1 begins for Canada. 1914-1918.  More than 2500 women serve with the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps with the majority serving overseas in hospitals, on board hospital ships, in several theatres of war and in combat zones with field ambulance units. It is also the first time women have organized in a military capacity other than nursing. Canadian women form paramilitary groups, outfit themselves in military-style uniforms, and undertake training in small arms, drill, first aid, and vehicle maintenance in case they are needed as home guard. Source: National Defense and the Canadian Armed Forces, Fact sheet. Online (Accessed March 2014)

Summer 1914 - Over 2500 nursing sisters were serving in England and the commonwealth countries, in the Volunteer Aid Detachments which were formed to provide medical assistance in time of war
Source Debbie Marshall, War Changes Everything. Remembering first world war nurses (Accessed July 2015)

September 29, 1914 - The 1st group of Canadian nursing sisters, of the Canadian Army Medical Corps, embark for England and service in World War I on the Franconia Source: Canadian Nurses in World War I. Trent University Archives: Fowlds Exhibit  (accessed July 22, 2005)

1914 - The 1st Official Canadian Figure Skating Championship is hel in Ottawa. Figure skating is recognized as a sport separate from speed skating and the Figure Skating Department becomes a section of Amateur Skating Association of Canada. The two main clubs are Minto Skating Club, Ottawa and Earl Grey Skating Club. Montreal

1914 - Emily Coonan
receives the 1st National Gallery travel grant to study in Europe. She puts a hold on her travel till after World War l
Source: Important Moments in Canadian Art History compiled by Dr. Robert J. Belton,  University of British Columbia, Okanagan Creative Projects  (accessed February 2006)

1914 - Georgina Binnie-Clark (1871-1947) published her work Wheat & Women describing the discrimination she faced as a single woman farmer in the Canadian West

1914-1915 - Annie Langstaff (1887-1975) 1st woman to receive a degree in Law from McGill University

1914 - The Hebrew Young Ladies Boot and Shoe Society is founded in Toronto to provide shoes for the poor and encourage sports among its members. It disbanded in 1924

Births 1914:
1914 -
Born Ina Caton (1914-2004) 1st woman in Saskatchewan to be ordained as a deacon & be called to the Anglican priesthood in Canada
1914 - Born Marianne Linnell (1914-1990, Vancouver politician was the only woman on the committee for Canada's Centennial Commission
1914 -
Born Laura Banks (1914-1988) TV broadcaster who used the name of Laura Lindsay
1914 -
Born Dorothy Hurst (1914-1997) acclaimed dancer, baton twirler & teacher
1914 -
Born Judith St John (1914-2007) internationally acclaimed children's librarian and lecturer in Library Sciences
January 21, 1914 -
Born Josefina Napravilova (1914-2014) returned children to Czech Republic after World War ll.
February 14, 1914 -
Born Ruth Gorman (1914-2002) lawyer and Officer of the Order of Canada
February 21, 1914  - Born Sister Bernice Cullen ( 1913-2007)
female head of St. Dunstan's University, P.E.I. in Religious
April 3, 1914 - Born Margaret Fane Rutledge.(1914-2004) pioneer aviator member of the British Columbia Aviation Hall of Fame
April 13, 1914 - Born Margaret Weisbord (1914-2011) musician
April 18, 1914 - Born Claire Martin Faucher (1914-2014) author
April 21, 1914 -
Born Judith Crawley,(1914-1986) film producer, director & scriptwriter
April 30,1914 - Born Dorothea Crittenden (1915-    ) 1st female deputy minister in Ontario
June 11, 1914 - Born Norma Abernethy (1914-1973) pianist & teacher
June 28, 1914 - Born Elizabeth Le Geyt (1914-2017 ) renowned Ottawa columnist & birder
June 29, 1914 -
Born Thelma Finlayson (1914-2016)  professor emeritus in Biology at the University at Simon Fraser University
July 6, 1914 - Born Viola Desmond (1914-1965) 1st Black woman to  challenge discrimination successfully in Canada
July 19, 1914 - Born Margaret Allemang (1914-2005) advocate of Canadian nursing history
July 24, 1914 - Born Frances Kathleen Oldman Kelsey (1914-2015) Doctor who saved the U.S.A from Thalidomide
August 12, 1914 -
Born Ruth Lowe-Sandler (1914-1981) pianist & songwriter I'll never smile again
October 8, 1914 -
Born Mary Lile Benham (1914-1991) author & historian
November 23, 1914 - Born Verna Marie Huffman Splane (1914-2015) acclaimed nurse
December 10, 1914 -
Anne ‘Tagish Anne’ Graham (1914-1976) Yukon businesswoman
December 16, 1914 -
Born Hanna Spencer (1914-2014) president, National Women's Council
December 24, 1914 - Born Loreen Rice Lucas (1914-2011) author

Deaths  1914:
February 1, 1914 - Died Grace Elizabeth Denison (  -1914) journalist known as "Lady Gay'

April 7, 1914 - Died Edith Eaton (1867-1914) author
October 29, 1914 - Died
Emma Sophia Fiske (1832-1914) active volunteer & social activist

1915 January 28, 1915 - The Manitoba legislature receives Royal Assent to a bill and Manitoba women became the 1st in Canada to have the right to vote in provincial elections

February  1915 - The 2nd group of Canadian nursing sisters of the Canadian Army Medical Corps,  leaves Halifax an the S.S. Zealand for service in WW I Source: Canadian Nurses in World War I. Trent University Archives: Fowlds Exhibit online (accessed July 22, 2005)

February 26, 1915 -
Suffragist Nellie McClung (1873 - 1951) presents the Alberta provincial legislature with a petition demanding that women be given the right to vote. The right was granted in municipal elections 2 months later

1915 - The married women of St John New Brunswick gain the right to vote in municipal elections Source: Janet Ray, Towards Women’s Rights, Toronto, Grolier Ltd, 1981.  

1915 - The province of Ontario provides a Mothers Allowance to British subjects but only if the husband is incapable of supporting the family. A family must consist of at least 2 children under the age of 14 still living with her

1915 -
The Women's Institutes, founded in 1897 by Adelaide Hoodless (1857-1910) in Ontario, becomes established in the United Kingdom

April 1915 -
Alberta women vote in municipal elections for the 1st time

1915 -
Both Saskatchewan and Alberta provincial governments pass legislation which ensure that a husband could not sell or take mortgages on the family property without consent of their spouse

1915 - The British Columbia legislature passes a law granting women in the province the right to run for municipal election, 40 years after women had been given the right to vote in municipal elections

1915 - Dr. Minerva Ellen Reid
(1872-1957) becomes the 1st  Woman doctor to become a Chief of Surgery in North America

1915 -
The Edmonton Grads women's basketball team is organized. With 502 wins and only 20 losses from 1915-1940 they are Canada' most successful women's basketball team! Source: Women Warriors Timeline online

1915 -
Mme Annie Macdonald Langstaff studied law at McGill University, the 1st woman receiving the 1st degree in law. She is refused entry to the Quebec Bar. She fought the decision but it came to the necessity of changing the Bar Act which was only changed on April 29, 1941 Source: Elizabeth Monk BCL '23 by Kathryn Lèger, Montreal Gazette, October 28, 2011.

September 1915 - Margaret Gascoigne (   -1934) opens a school which would become known as 'The Study'  in Montreal with 6 students

1915 - Mary Pickford
(1892-1979) is receiving 500 letters a week in fan mail. She earns $4000.00
a week and is reputed to be the highest paid woman in the world Source: 100 Canadian women : famous and forgotten faces by Merna Forster Toronto, Dundurn Press, 2004 pg. 206

1915 - The electric "icebox" is introduced to improve food storage Source: Canuck Chicks and Maple Leaf Mamas : women of the Great White North by Ann Douglas Toronto, McArthur and Co., 2002. pg 13.

1915 - The Corning Company in the United States introduces Pyrex to the baking world. Source: Culinary Journey. submitted to Famous Canadian Women by Michelle de cevito, Cochrane, Ontario

1915 - The 1st Boys' and Girls' Clubs are formed by the Agriculture Rep in the District of Waterloo, Ontario. In 1952 the name will be changed to 4-H Clubs. Source: Archives of Ontario.

Births 1915:
1915? -
Born Lucy Qinnuayuak  (1915?-    ) Inuit artist
1915 -
Born Margaret Millar (1915-1994) mystery writer
1915 -
Born Helen Weinzweig (1915-2010) award winning author & playwright
1915 -
Born Mary Jane Wright (1915-2014) 1st woman in Canada to chair a major psychology department at a university
January 7, 1915 -
Born Helen Kathleen Mussallem (1915-2012) decorated nurse
January 23, 1915 -
Born Noel MacDonald Robertson basketball player, member Canada Sports Hall of Fame
January 26, 1915 -
Born Maureen Lormier Roberts (1915-2004) founder of Canadian Medic Alert Foundation
February 14, 1915 -
Born Eileen Valentine Duncan (1915-2008) businesswoman
April 10, 1915 -
Born Margaret Martha Brooks (1915-    )
 only nurse of World War ll named a member (Military Division) of the Order of the British Empire
April 11, 1915 - 
Born Agnes Butcher (1915-   ) pianist & teacher.
April 28, 1915 -
Born Robina Higgins-Haight (1915-1990) track & field champions of the 1930's
May 5, 1915 -
Born Betty Farrally (1915-1989) dancer & co-founder of the Royal Winnipeg Ballet
May 16, 1915 - Born Jean Frances (1916-2011) Canada’s Doll Lady
May 18, 1915 -
Born Maria Marrelli (1915-2012) social activist on behalf of Italian Canadians she was presented with the Italian Order of Merit
June 3, 1915 -
Born Susan Ross (1915-2006) artist, printmaker & illustrator
August 5, 1915 -
Born Betty Oliphant (1918-2004) founder of the National Ballet School of Canada
August 6, 1915 -
Born Rina Lasnier, award winning author & poet
August 15, 1915 - Born Maryvonne Kwendergi / Kendergian (1915-2011) broadcaster, author, professor, musicologist, & pianist
September 1, 1915 -
Born Barbara Smucker (1915-2003) noted children's author
September 19, 1915 - Born Elizabeth Stern (1915-1980) pioneer medical researcher credited with early detection of cervical cancer 
November 13, 1915 - Born Vera M. Good (1915-2018) executive producer of TVOntario, Polka Dot Door.
December 10, 1915 - Born Margaret Isobel Drynan (1915-1999) teacher, composer, organist/choirmaster & writer

Deaths 1915:
May 17, 1915 -
Died Mary Agnes Fitzgibbon (1851-1915) founder of the Canadian Women's Historical Society & author
June 27, 1915 - Died
Helen McNicoll (1879-1915) artist
August 4, 1915 - Died Florence Daly Thompson, (1865-1915) accomplished artist, successful published science researcher, & librarian
August 30, 1915 - Died
Mabel Phoebe Peters (1861-1914) suffragist & social activist in education
September 22, 1915  - Died Frances Ester (Hester) How, (1848-1915) teacher
November 3, 1915 - Died Lillian Frances Massey Treble (1854-1915) volunteer & philanthropist

1916 January 27, 1916 - Manitoba becomes the 1st province in Canada to grant women the right to vote and to hold provincial office

1916 -
he United States hosted an international hockey tournament in Cleveland, Ohio featuring American and Canadian women's Teams

1916 -
Canadian Women’s Press Club of Ottawa is Founded Source Linda Kay, Sweet Sixteen :the journey that inspired the Canadian Women’s Press Club (McGill-Queens Press, 2012)

March 14, 1916 - Saskatchewan women win the rights to vote and to hold provincial office

April 14, 1916 - The newspaper The British Columbia Federationist published an editorial asserting that the capitalist, being desirable of cheap labour, would see that women got the voted to keep men from getting back their jobs’ [sic when the men returned from war] Source: J. Patrick, Direct democracy in Canada. (Dundurn Press)

April 19, 1916 -
Alberta women win the rights to vote and to hold provincial office

June 1, 1916 - The Manitoba Legislature passes the Temperance Act

June 13, 1916 -
Emily Murphy (1868-1933) is the 1st woman appointed magistrate (judge of a lower court) in the British Empire. Her 1st day in court was July 1,1916  in Edmonton, Alberta

July 1, 1916 - Newly appointed judge Emily Murphy (1868-1933), the 1st woman appointed magistrate in the British Empire, has her first day in court in Edmonton, Alberta

1916 - Mary Hiester Reid (1834-1921) is the 1st woman to serve on the executive of the Ontario Society of Artists
Source: Important Moments in Canadian Art History compiled by Dr. Robert J. Belton,  University of British Columbia, Okanagan Creative Projects(accessed February 2006)

1916 - Chitase Uchida becomes the 1st Nisei (Japanese) to graduate from a Canadian University. She was unable to find employment as a teacher except to teach English in the Nikkei community Source: Japanese Canadian Timeline (Accessed June 2012)

1916 - The National Research Council is established to promote scientific and industrial research

1916 - The electric washing machine replaces hand operated machines to improve laundry day
Source : Canuck Chicks and Maple Leaf Mamas : women of the Great White North by Ann Douglas Toronto, McArthur and Co., 2002. pg 13.

September 14, 1916 - The British Columbia provincial election included a plebiscite on female suffrage which saw a large majority of voters in favour of the question

September 15, 1916 - Canadian Madge Watt (1868-1948) founds 1st Women's Institute in Great Britain at Llanfair-On-Anglesey. Wales

October 1916 -
The CGIT (Canadian Girls in Training.) publishes it's 1st program outline in a booklet called Canadian Girls in Training -- Suggestions for the Mid-Week Meetings of Sunday School Classes, Clubs, etc., for Teen-age Girls and it sold for the sum of 5¢. The booklet was extremely  popular with church youth leaders Source : (accessed January 4, 2005)

1916 - The 1st international women's ice hockey tournament is held in Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.A. between the Americans and Canadians

Births 1916:
1916 -
Born Ada Bronstein (1916-  ) pianist, accompanist & teacher
1916 -
Born Molly Chadsey (1916-2014) World War ll photographic specialist
1916 -
Born Edith Hope Cromwell (1916-2009) Black activist & teacher in Nova Scotia
1916 -
Born Judith Jasmin (1916-1972) pioneer & accomplished broadcast journalist
1916 -
Born Ellen Neel (1916-1966) carver of totem poles
January 9, 1916 - Born Thelma Ruck Keene ( 1916-    ) businesswoman & author
January 15, 1916- Born J. Margot Brown Chester (1916-2012) journalist, editor, community volunteer & author
January 28, 1916 - Born Dorothy 'Dottie' Hunter (1916-2005) played with the All American Girls Professional Baseball League
February 22, 1916 - Born Elizabeth 'Betty' Gardner Taylor-Campbell (1922-1977) Olympic medial winner in track & field
February 23, 1916 -
Born Molly Kool, First registered woman Sea Captain in North America
March 5, 1916 -  Born Phyllis Dewar(1916-1961), swimmer and member of the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame
April 27, 1916 -
Born Myfanwy Pavelic (1916-2007) portrait artist
May 3, 1916 -
Margaret 'Marmie' Perkins Hess (1916-2016) specialist in Inuit art and aboriginal crafts
May 4, 1916 -
Born Jane Jacobs (1916-2006) social activist & foremost urban architect/planner.
June 4, 1916 - Born Shirley Burnham Elliott (1916-2004) legislative librarian of Nova Scotia & author
June 7, 1916 -
Born Barbara Alice West Jefferys Allen (1916-2014) artist
July 18, 1916 - Born Margaret Wade Labarge (1916-2009) historian & professor of medieval studies

August 1, 1916 - 
Born Anne Hébert (1916-2000) award winning poet, playwright, & novelist
September 1, 1916 -
Born Bertha Baumann (1916-2005) leading nurse in St Boniface, Manitoba
November 8, 1916 -
Born June Havoc (1916-2010) vaudeville entertainer & award winning Broadway director
November 23, 1916 -
Born P.K. Page (1916-2010) award winning author & a artist.
December 5, 1916 -
Born Frankie Tillman (1916-2003) social activist with YWCA
December 9, 1916 -
Born Effie Constance Astbury (!916-2008) Librarian first Director Canadian Bibliographic Centre (National Library of Canada and later Library and Archives Canada)
December 12, 1916 - Born Jessie Annie Middleton (1912-2019) nurse serving in World War ll
December 22, 1916 - Born Anne Abrametz (1915-2015) social activist for Canada's Ukrainian culture preservation

Deaths 1916:
February 16, 1916 -
 Charlotte Whitehead Ross (1843-1916) first woman doctor in Montreal and in Manitoba
May 15, 1916 - Died
Lydia Elizabeth 'Eliza or Lyda' Hall (1864-1916) evangelist with sister, she was known as a gifted preacher
May 18, 1916 - 
Grace Annie Lockhart (1855-1916) 1st woman to receive a university degree in Canada
June 11, 1916 - Died Johanna 'Joan' Matheson (1842-1916) one of the 1st nurses to serve in the Canadian military
July 4, 1916 -
Elizabeth Secord (1841-1916) 1st qualified registered physician in the Province of New Brunswick 1883
November 16, 1916 - Died Frances Elizabeth Herring (1851-1916) west coast novelist 

1917 February 22, 1917 - the Local Council of Women Halifax present a suffrage petition endorsed by forty-one women's organizations. When the Liberal Premier ignored the issue, irate members introduced a private member bill. The defeat of this bill marked the birth of the Nova Scotia Equal Franchise League in the spring of 1917 Source: History, Local Council of Women Halifax (Accessed January 2016)

March 8, 1917- Russian women again chose the last Sunday in February to strike for "bread and peace". Political leaders opposed the timing of the strike, but the women went on anyway. The rest is history: Four days later the Czar was forced to abdicate and the provisional Government granted women the right to vote. That historic Sunday fell on 23 February on the Julian calendar then in use in Russia, but on 8 March on the Gregorian calendar in use elsewhere. THIS DATE WOULD BECOME INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S DAY

1917 - The Canadian government passes legislation introducing Income tax  as a temporary wartime measure

April 5, 1917-
British Columbia women win the rights to vote and to hold provincial office (Statutes of British Columbia 1917 c. 23)

April 12, 1917 -
Ontario white women win the rights to vote and hold public office in the province. (Statutes of Ontario 1917 c. 5)

Spring 1917 - The Nova Scotia Equal Franchise League is formed with unification of various women’s groups

May 1917 - The government of British Columbia is the 1st province to pas Equal Guardianship of Infants Act which gives mothers equal rights with fathers concerning care, control, and custody of children

June 7, 1917 -
Louise McKinney
(1868-1931) and Roberta MacAdams (1880-1959) are the 1st women in Canada elected to a provincial legislature, in Alberta and the 1st elected to a legislature in the British Commonwealth

1917 - Jean Ethel MacLachian (1875-1963) is the 1st person to become a juvenile Court Judge in Saskatchewan and the 1st woman in Canada to be appointed a justice of the Peace

July 9, 1917 - Helen Gregory MacGill (1864-1947) is appointed the 1st woman judge in British Columbia and Canada  Source: British Columbia Federation of Labour.

August 1917 - The province of Ontario has its 1st well baby clinic at the Canadian National Exhibition. Nurses see 700 mothers and 150 infants in 12 days

September 20, 1917 -
The Military Voters Act extends federal enfranchisement, until the end of the war, to women in the services and to those women who had close relatives in the armed services of Canada or Great Britain.  In British Columbia a provincial Military Voters Act
gives voting rights to British women who are war widows or had sons or husbands serving overseas. At this time most people born in Canada were British subjects but this provincial Act did not apply status Indians nor members of specific minorities.  These groups would be separately enfranchised in later acts of the B.C. provincial parliament

December 6, 1917 - Over 2000 people are killed and some 9000 injured when a munitions ship explodes in Halifax harbour

December 10, 1917 -
Hannah 'Annie' Elizabeth Gale (1876-1970) in 1917 she became the 1st woman in the British Empire to become an alderman Source Merna Forster, Annie Gale (1876-1970) (Accessed May 2015) ; Annie Gale, Alberta Champions Online (Accessed May 2015) Book: Judith Lishman, Alderman Mrs. Annie Gale (Ottawa, 1985)

1917 -
35,000 women were employed in munitions factories in Ontario and Montreal

1917 -
Under the Canadian federal Military Voters Act, nurses in the armed forces are given the vote 

1917 - Alberta is the 1st province to adopt a minimum wage law for women

1917 -
Alberta passes the Dower Act providing that a homestead in which a wife has a life interest cannot be disposed of without her consent

1917 -
The British Columbia government passes legislation to ensure equal guardianship of children for both husband & wife

1917 - The British Columbia government enacts a law giving custody of children if the woman has been deserted by her husband. This is a direct result of the work of Judge Helen Gregory MacGill (1864-1947)

1917 - "Farmerette Camps" accommodate some 900 women agricultural workers in the Niagara fruit belt of Ontario  

Births 1917:
1917 - Born Phyllis Burgess (1917-1988)  administrator and developer of nursing strategies for treatment of cancer patients
1917 - Born Elizabeth Miriam Janzen Dreger (1917/1918 - 1979) social activist
1917 - Born Althea Pearleen Borden Oliver (1917-2008) social activist for maritime Black women
1917 -
Born Beatrice 'Bea' Caroline Rowly (1917-2017) poet
1917 -
Born Gladys Taylor (1917-2015) writer, journalist and publisher

1917 -
Born Beatrice Wickett-Nesbitt (1917-2010) psychologist who forged the way for others to follow in the profession
January 13, 1917 -
Born Flo Whyard (1917-2012) journalist , editor Whitehorse Star, MLA and Mayor of Whitehorse, Yukon
January 17, 1917 - Born Isabel Frances Leith Macdonald (1917-2013) drama teacher
January 21, 1917 - Born Harriet 'Hallie' Jennie Todd Sloan (1917-2017) military nurse so advocated for the growth of military nursing.
January 29, 1917 -
Marial M.  Mosher (1917-2008) academic
February 28, 1917 - Born Philippa Mary Faulkner (1917-2001) artist
March 10, 1917 - Born
Edith Iglauer Hamburger Daly (1917-2019) author
April 1, 1917 -
Born Eira 'Babs' Friesen (1917-2008) social activist
April 4, 1917 - Born 
Ayako 'Irene' Uchida (1917-2013) medical researcher who connected radiation and Downs Syndrome in pregnancy
May 6, 1917 - Born Vicki Bisaro (1917-2017) community volunteer
May 7, 1917 -
Born Olive Bend Little (1917-1987) member of the American Girls Professional Baseball League
June 5, 1917 - Born Helen Arlene Dahlstrom (1917-    ) classical musician
July 9, 1917 -
Born Beatrice 'Bea' Caroline Rowley (1917-   ) poet who uses pen name R.H. Grenville
August 12, 1917 -
Born Hélène Shingles (1917-2009) a dentist who has received the Order of Canada for her humanitarian efforts
August 21, 1917 - Born Kay Helen McDaniel (1917-2015) played with the All American Girls Professional Baseball League
September 17, 1917 - Born Irma Elizabeth Hacking (1917-2014) World War l nurse
October 2, 1917 - Born Alma Duncan (1917-2004) artist
October 14, 1917 - Born Isabella Dryden (1917-   ) teacher of business & computer skills
November 3, 1917 -
Born Marguerite Davis (1917-1995) played with the All American Girls Professional Baseball League
November 19, 1917 - Born Mimi Mitchell Donald (1917-2012) Canada's most outstanding teacher of the deaf in 20th century
November 27, 1917 - Born Betty Peterson (1917-2018) pacifist & social activist
November 29, 1917 -
Born Nicole Germain (1917-19940 actor on radio & film in 1940's & 1950's
December 23, 1917 - Born Miriam Dworkin Waddington (1917-2004) acclaimed poet

Deaths 1917:
January 21, 1917 -
Charlotte Selina "Nina" Bompas (1830-1917) Anglican Church missionary to the Canadian Northwest
January 21, 2017 - Died
Harriet 'Hallie' Jennie Todd Sloan (1917-2017) military nurse so advocated for the growth of military nursing.
February 18, 1917 - Died
Eliza Parks Hegan (1861-1917) one of 1st nurses trained in New Brunswick
February 20, 1917 - Died
Rebecca 'Rivka' Fox Landsberg (1863-1917) social activist for Canadian immigrant Jewish families
March 9, 1917 - Died Agnes Sime Baxter Hill (1879-1917) noted mathematician
March 19, 1917 -
Died Agnes Baxter ( 1870-1917) pioneer woman mathematician
July 30, 1917 - Died Jessie Kerr Lawson, (1838 -1917)  journalist
October 17, 1917 - Died
Florence Sarah Hall (1864-1917) temperance worker, suffragist, & feminist
November 4, 1917 - Died Teresa Margaret McDonnell (1835-1917) Sister Therese, pioneer pharmacist & country doctor

1918 1918 - White Women earn the right to vote in federal elections (Statutes of Canada 1918 c. 20)

January 22, 1918 - Mary Ellen Smith (1863-1933) enters politics after the death of her husband Ralph Smith (   -1917) becoming the 1st woman in the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia. In March 1921 she became the 1st woman cabinet minister in the British Empire. . Sources: Vancouver Hall of Fame Online (Accessed November 2012). : The Canadian Encyclopedia online (Accessed November 2012) , Herstory: A Canadian Women's Calendar 2006, Coteau Books, 2005.

1918 - 3,141 Nursing Sisters served in the ranks of the Canadian Expeditionary Force during World War 1 Source: The Canadian Encyclopedia. Women in the Military.

February 28-march 2 1918 - A Women’s War Conference was held in Ottawa. Nellie McClung (1873-1951) was one of the attendees. The conference discussed among other things the continued role of women in the war effort

April 26, 1918 -
With the support of Premier George Henry Murray (1861-1929), the Assembly of Nova Scotia passes The Nova Scotia Franchise Act, which gives women the right to vote in Nova Scotia's provincial elections, the 1st province to do so in Atlantic Canada. A separate act on that same day gives women the right to be elected to the provincial legislature (Statutes of Nova Scotia  1918 c.2)

May 9, 1918 - Frances Lilian Fish (1888-1975) is the 1st Graduate of the 1st women in Law from Dalhousie University & September 10, 1918 she is the 1st women called to the Bar in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

May 19, 1918 - Katherine Maude MacDonald
(1887?-1918) is the 1st Canadian nursing sister to die in action. She served in Brittany France when the area was bombed by German aircraft Source:

May 24, 1918 -
The Women’s Franchise Act is passed permitting all women citizens to vote in federal elections

June 27, 1918 -
The Canadian hospital ship Llandovery Castle is torpedoed and sinks. All 14 Canadian Nursing Sisters on board are drowned Source: Canadian Nurses in World War I. Trent University Archives: Fowlds Exhibit   (accessed July 22, 2005)

1918 -
a Minimum Wage Act is  passed. Manitoba & British Columbia the 1st provinces in Canada to introduce minimum wage legislation. In 1921, the minimum hourly wage in Manitoba was $0.25. Up until 1931, the minimum wage only applied to female workers

August 1918 -
The Canadian National Exhibition hosts its 1st Woman's Day complete with a parade

1918 -
The Manitoba government passes the Dower Act which allows a wife a share in the family property

1918 -
McGill University, Montreal, Quebec accepts women medical students for 1st tim. Source: The Indomitable Lady Doctors by Carlotta Hacker, Clarke Irwin, 1974.

1918 - Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and British Columbia pass laws making it illegal to hire White women in Chinese-owned restaurants and laundries Source: Canadian Chinese National Council. Moments of Chinese Canadian History. (accessed July 7, 2003)

1918 - the federal minister of health banns all amateur sports in Canada due to the outbreak of the flu epidemic from October to late November

1918 -
Roberta Catherine MacAdams (1880-1959) the second woman elected to the Alberta legislature in 1917, became in 1918 1st woman in British Empire to introduce legislation in a parliament when she brought forward a bill to incorporate the War Veterans Next of Kin Association Bill. Source: Our Future, Our Heritage. The Alberta Heritage Digitization Project. Online (Accessed May 2014) ; Roberta MacAdams and the New Woman. Alberta’s Women’s Institute. Online (Accessed May 2014).

1918 - Mary Ellen Smith (1861 or 63-1933) becomes British Columbia's 1st woman Member of the Legislative Assembly  Source: British Columbia Federation of Labour. 

1918 -
Sarah Ramsland  (1882-1964) is the 1st woman elected to the Saskatchewan legislature

1918 - Mary Mcnulty (1895-1972) is called to the Bar in Ontario and becomes the 1st woman to practice law in the city of Ottawa, Ontario Source: Diversifying the bar; Law Society of Upper Canada online accessed January 2013.:: Heritage Mississauga (accessed March 2003)

1918 - The Women's College Hospital, Toronto has its 1st graduation class in nursing with 2 graduate. Source: A history of Women's College (Accessed February 2006)

1918 -
The Women's Inter-Church Council of Canada is formed

1918 -
Volunteer women patrols under the auspices of the YWCA are authorized as an experiment in Toronto, Ontario. After a short trial they are discontinued Source: Herstory: Milestones in the History of the Toronto Police Service Women Online Accessed June 2011.

August 16, 1918 - Almanda Walker-Marchand (1868-1949) officially founded the Federation des femmes-française. The organization worked to expand participation of French Canadian women in education, economics, culture and policies becoming national in scope.
Source: ‘Almanda Marchand (1868-1949)’, Ottawa Raconte-moi Online (Accessed July 2015)

September 10, 1918 - Frances Lillian Fish (1888-1975) is the 1st woman to graduate Dalhousie University with a Law Degree. And she was the 1st woman called to the Bar in Nova Scotia

1918 - Annette Saint-Amant Frémont (1892-1928) is the 1st francophone woman journalist in Saskatchewan Sources: Herstory, the Canadian Women’s Calendar 2006 Coteau Books, 2005; Dictionary of Canadian Biography online Accessed April 2013.

1918 - The Canadian Canned Fruit and Vegetable Act introduces grading scales to commercial food canning processes Source: Culinary Journey. submitted to Famous Canadian Women by Michelle de cevito, Cochrane, Ontario

1918 - The Montreal chapter of the National Jewish Women’s Council is founded

1918 -
World War l ends with the signing of an armistice at 11 a.m. November 11. Bernice Furness (1884-1977) is the only woman journalist accredited to cover the 1919 Peace Treaty Negotiations

Births 1918:
1918 - Born Alice Boissonneau (1918-2007) author
1918 -
Born Fern Blodgett (1918-1991)  June 13, 1941 became the 1st Canadian woman to serve in the Merchant Marines
1918 -
Born Jean E. Coolican (1918-2012) volunteer & co-founder of Save the Children Canada
1918 - Born Sheila Agnes Egoff (1918-2005) librarian, award winning expert in Children's literature
1918 -
Born Joan Bamford Fletcher (1918-1979) lead 2,000 Dutch civilians to safety in Sumatran jungle
1918 -
Born Pearl Keenan (1918?-   ) Elder of the Canadian North West
1918 -
Born Fern Sunde (1918-1991) 1942 received Norwegian War medal for war effort, 1st woman to receive this award
January 1, 1918 - Born Frances Bay (1918-2011) actor with star on Canada's Walk of Fame

February 3, 1918 -
Born Isobel Moira Dunbar (1918-1999) ice researcher, 1st woman on Canadian government icebreakers
March 18, 1918 - Born Ruby Martz (1918-1995) played with the All American Girls Professional Baseball League.
April 13, 1918 - Born Thelma Jo Walmsley (1918-1997) played for the All American Girls Professional Baseball League.
April 20, 1918 -
Born Mildred Amanda Gottfriedson (1918-1989) 1st First Nations to receive Order of Canada
April 23, 1918 -
Born Margaret Avison (1918-2007)  award winning poet. librarian & social worker
April 24, 1918 - Born Elizabeth Man Borgese (1918-02002) author & expert on ocean environment
April 30, 1918 -
Born Mary Elizabeth Macdonald (1918-2006) civil servant, Order of Canada 1980
May 4, 1918 -
Born Lyn Cook (1918 -    ) 1st author to have books for youth published after WW ll
May 11, 1918 -
Born Sheila Branford, (1918- 1984)  author of one of the best animal tale, Incredible Journey
May 31, 1918 - Born Margaret Agnes Todd (1918-1919) champion golfer
June 23, 1918 -
Born Norah Urquhart (1918-2009) helped discover the secret of the Monarch Butterfly
June 25, 1918 - Born Marion Orr (1918-1995) pioneer aviator and 1st woman to own & operate a flying school in Canada
July 14, 1918 -
Born Grace Hartman (1918-1993) social activist & union member
July 15, 1918 -
Born Brenda Milner (1918-   ) internationally acclaimed neurologist
August 13, 1918 -
Born Mildred Jeannette Dolson-Cavill (1918-2004) Olympic medal winning track and field athlete
August 8, 1918 -
Born Irma Sophia Council (1918-   ) portrait artist & editor
September 2, 1918 -
Born Claire Culhane (1918-1996) a social activist & protestor of war
September 21, 1918 -
Born Kathleen 'Kay' Rex (1918-2006) journalist, historian, & author
September 28,1918 -
Born Frances Morrison (1918-2011) librarian in Saskatchewan
October 4, 1918 -
Born Ella Jean Canfield (1918-2000) 1st woman elected to the Legislative Assembly,Prince Edward Island
October 16, 1918 -
Born Marianne Bossen (1916-2008) civil servant on the Royal Commission on the Status of Women
November 11, 1918 -
Born Madelaine Parent (1918-2013) social activist & labour leader
November 12, 1918 -
Born Susan Budlovsky (1918-2011) heroine of Nazi death camps World War ll
December 23, 1918 -
Born Dr. Ricky Kanee Schachter (1918-   ) leader in her field of dermatology
December 25, 1918 -
Born Mary Noel Balke (1918-2011) journalist, broadcaster, & librarian at Ottawa Public Library

Deaths 1918:
1918 -
Died Catherine Beaulieu Bouvier Lamoureaux (1836-1918) pioneer of Northwest Territories & National Historic Person

1918 -
Polly Verner (1837-1918)  citizen of Toronto
February 1, 1918 - Died Hannah Maynard (1834-1918)  pioneer portrait photographer
June 27, 1918 - Died Margaret Jane ‘Daisy Fortescue (1878-1918) World War l Nursing Sister
June 27, 1918 -
Died Rena Maude McLean, (1879-1918) a nursing sister of World War l
August 26, 1918 - Died Robina Lizars (1918-   ) author of historical works
September 14, 1918 - Died Clemetina Fessenden (1843-1918) founder of the Independent Order of the Daughters of the Empire (I.O.D.E.)
October 23, 1918 - Died
Lulu Mae Johnson Eads (1877?-1918) businesswoman, dance hall performer & hotel proprietor. 
November 4, 1918 - Died Evelyn Vera McKay (1892-1018) World War 1 Nursing Sister
November 26, 1918 -
Katherine Bawlf (1855-1918) social activist
December 12, 1918 -
Lenna Mae Jenner (!889-1918) nurse serving during World War l
December 31, 1918 -
Aileen Powers -Peel (1894-1918) nurse in World War l

1919 April 17, 1919 - The New Brunswick government pass a law granting the women of New Brunswick the right to vote but have to wait until 1934 before having the right to hold political office Statutes of New Brunswick 1919 c.63

May 19, 1919 - June 26 1919 - The Winnipeg General Strike. 

May 20, 1919 - Women of the Yukon Territories gain the right to vote and to stand for elections

1919 -
The Federated Women's Institutes of Ontario is formed and the Federated Women's Institutes of Canada is formed

June 12, 1919 -
Ladies Day at Victoria Park during the Winnipeg strike. Women strikers occupied seats of honour near the front of the platform Source: J.M. Bumstead, "The Role of Women" part of "1919 the Winnipeg General Strike Reconsidered" in The Beaver June-July 1994.

1919 - The provinces of Quebec and Saskatchewan pass a minimum wage law for women

1919 -
Saskatchewan & Alberta provincial legislatures pass laws to allow a wife 1/3 of the estate if the husband had died and there are no children. The wife received the entire estate if there are no children

June 14, 1919 - The 1st successful transatlantic flight leaves St. John's Newfoundland

1919 - The Federated Women's Institutes of Canada is founded

July 1919 - The federal government presents a further bill granting women the right to hold federal office, which was overlooked in the franchise bill of May 24, 1918

1919 - The Canadian Federation of University Women, is founded. A voluntary, non-profit, self-funded bilingual organization the CFUW/FCFDU members are active in public affairs, working to raise the social, economic and legal status of women, as well as to improve education, the environment, peace, justice and human rights.

1919 - The Alberta legislature passes the Mother’s Allowance Act Source: Diana Chown, "An Early Edmonton Club Woman At Work: Lauretta Hughes Kneil," Alberta History (2006) 54#2 pp 2-6

1919 –
The Alberta District Nursing Service is founded by the United Farm Women (UFWA). After provincial legislation assured medical care this association became obsolete in 1976

1919 - Sarah Persis Johnson Darrach (1886-1974) a World War l nursing sister, is awarded First Class Royal Red Cross by the Prince of Wales Source: Memorable Manitobans Online (Accessed February 2014)

1919 - Eliza Ritchie (1856-1935.) is  appointed to the Dalhousie University board of governors, a 1st  for Canadian women

1919 - Violet Irene Guymer (1885-1995) earns her diploma as a Funeral Director and Embalmer in Manitoba. She is the 1st  woman in Canada to graduate in this course
Source: Quite and undertaking: the story of Violet Guymer, Canada's firs female licensed funeral director by Elizabeth Lycar and Lorrie Guymer Hutton, (Kelowna, B.C. : Nip and Tuck Publishing, 1966)

1919 - Alex Gibb
(1891-1958) helps to found Ladies Ontario Basketball Association, she would serve as President in 1925
Sources: “Queen of the Ice Lanes: the Preston Rivulettes and Women’s Hockey in Canada 1931-1940” by Carly Adams in Sport History Review no. 39 pages 1-29 2008; 100 more Canadian Heroines by Merna Forster Dundurn Press, 2011.

1919 - Zonta International is founded. “Advancing the status of women worldwide.”  Zonta International, global service organization of executives in business and the professions, work together, across political and social boundaries, to advance the status of women worldwide. Zonta members volunteer their time, talents and money to local and international service programs as well as scholarship and award programs aimed at furthering women's education, leadership and youth development

1919 - The Young men’s/Young Women’s Hebrew Association (now Jewish Community Centres) is founded in Toronto

1919 - Anne of Green Gables is made into a silent film. Unfortunately the film has been lost but movie stills have survived. Lucy Maud Montgomery (1874-1942) did not think the actress who played the part of Anne did not portrait the character as she had written her

Births 1919:
1919 - Born Jean Bessie Lumb (1919-2002) 1st Chinese Canadian inducted into Order of Canada
1919 -
Born Olga Chumak ( 1919-2003) 1st woman lawyer of Ukrainian heritage in the province of Ontario
1919 -
Born Gladys "Gladdy" Balsillie (1919-1987) businesswoman who was a burlesque agent
1919 -
Born Jean Bessie Lumb (1919-2002) social activist for the Canadian Chinese community & Order of Canada
1919 -
Born Mary "Bonnie" Baker (1919?- 2003) member of the All American Girls Baseball League
1919 -
Born Nancy Lima Dent ( 1919 -   ) created a body of over 30 dance works, many are commentary on social issues
1919 -
Born Clara 'Dolly' Scott (1919-1991) sideshow personality
January 1, 1919 -
Born Blanche Wisenthal (1919 ---) social Activist & National President of Hadassah W.I.Z.O.
January 10, 1919 -
Born Cassie Eileen Brown (1919-1986) journalist & author
January 25, 1919 -
Born Margaret Elizabeth Cooper (1919-2016) decoder during World War ll
February 2, 1919 -
Dorothy May Copithorn (1919-2013) musician, piano & organ
April 3, 1919 - Born Clairette Oddera (1919-2008) actor, singer from Quebec
April 6, 1919 -
Born Paule Clouthier-Daveluy (1919-   ) author of French language books for young readers

April 27, 1919 -
Born Ruth Wilson (1919-2001) medal winning basketball player
May 14 , 1919 -
Born Solange Chaput-Rolland (1919-2001) author, editor, broadcaster & politician
May 22, 1919 - Born Clara McCandless Thomas (1919-   ) author & professor
May 24, 1919 - Born F. Marguerite "Peggy" Hill (1919-2012) medical doctor
May 27, 1919 - Born Francess Georgina Halpenny (1919-2017) editor & educator
June 13, 1919 - Born Helen Sandiford (1919-1993) played with the All American Girls Professional Baseball League
June 30, 1919 - Born Dora Wasserman (1919-2003) award winning founder of the Yiddish Theatre of Montreal
July 18, 1919 - Born Raymonde 'Ray' Bowen (1919-2016) social activist for peace and women's rights
August 16, 1919 -
Born Penny Martineuk Cooke (1919-2010) played with All American Girls Professional Baseball League
August 22, 1919 - Born
May 'Billie' Alexandra Hallam (1919-2015) Miss Toronto 1937
August 28, 1919 -
Born Hélène Baillargeon-Coté (1919-1997) entertained children on TV in bilingually well before her time
September 1, 1919 - Born Gladys Davis (1919-   ) played with the All American Girls Professional Baseball League
September 3, 1939 - Born Jeannine Guindon (1919-2002) professor of psychology
September 4, 1919 -
Born Bluma Levett Appel (1919-2007) noted philanthropist
September 11, 1919 -
Born Daphne Odjig, (1919-2016) prolific Aboriginal artist
September 19, 1919 - Born Catherine Mary Wisnicki.(1919-2014) 1st Canadian woman university graduate in architecture
November 4, 1919 - Born Simonne Monet-Chartrand (1919-1993) feminist, unionist & pacifist
November 29, 1919 -
Born Ruth Marion Bell (1919-2015) social activist working for women's right
December 19, 1919 -
Born Catherine Mallory Knowles (1919-2014) librarian

Deaths 1919:
1919 - Died Annie Mackenzie Cleland (1859-1919) indomitable early Canadian woman doctor
1919 -
 Alice Helena Berry (1868-1919) pioneer businesswoman of Prince Edward Island
1919 - Died Rose de Lima Lefebre (1862-1919) Sister Vincent pioneer of Canadian Northwest

1919 - Died Joanna E. Wood (d. 1919) author
May 20 1919 - Died
Marion Elizabeth Crerar (1859-1919) social activist, volunteer, & philanthropist
July 31, 1919 - Died Louise Bennett-Coverley (1919-2006) Miss Lou, early Black radio and TV personality & journalist who was a member of the Order of the British Empire
August 8, 1919 - Died
Julia Jane Murray Clark (1857-1919) pioneering social activist for child welfare

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