Copyright © 1998-2020  Dawn E. Monroe. All rights reserved 

 ISBN: 0-9736246-0-4

Agnes Sime Baxter Hill née Baxter. Born March 18, 1879, Halifax, Nova Scotia.  Died March 9, 1917, Columbia, Missouri, U.S.A. In 1891 she was the 1st woman to receive a degree from Dalhousie University in Mathematics. She also won the Sir William Young Gold Medal for being the undergraduate with the highest standing of honours student in mathematics and mathematical physics. By 1892 she had earned the Master's degree. She earned a fellowship and went on earning her PhD at Cornell University, New York, U.S.A. She was the fourth woman to receive a PhD in Mathematics in North America and the second woman to do so in Canada. August 20 1896 she married Dr. Ross Hill. The couple settled in Lincoln, Nebraska, U.S.A. where she supported her her husband in his teaching career at the university. The couple had two daughters. After her death, Ross Hill donated donated funds to Dalhousie to set up a collection of books in mathematics. In 1988 Dalhousie University dedicated the Agnes Baxter Reading Room in the Department of Mathematics, Statistics and Computing Science. Source: DCB (2020)
Louise Duffield Cummings Born November 21, 1870, Hamilton, Ontario. Died May 9, 1947. Following her education at the University of Toronto Louise continued her studies in mathematics on a fellowship at the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Chicago and Bryn Mawr College in the U.S.A. where she would earn her PhD in mathematics in 1914. She was a full professor at Vassar from 1902 until her retirement in 1936. She contributed some dozen research papers in leading mathematics journals during her career. and was a speaker at international meetings of mathematicians. (2020)
Katherine Heinrich née Roderick  Born February 21, 1954, Murwillumbah, New South Wales, Australia. Katherine earned her Bachelor of Mathematics and her PhD at the University of Newcastle, Australia. She started her teaching career at the University of Arizona and moved to British Columbia in 1980 to work at Simon Fraser University. She is active in promoting the importance of mathematics and the need of numerate citizens and encouraging and supporting women in mathematics and the sciences. She was Chair of the Education committee of the Canadian Mathematics Society and moved up to be Vice President in 1993 and President in 1996-1998. She is the author of various reports and numerous articles in her chosen field. in 1995 she received the Vancouver YWCA Woman of Distinction Award for Health and Education.  In 2005 she earned the Adrien Puliot Award from the Canadian Mathematical Society. (2020)
Annie MacKinnon Fitch Born June 1, 1868, Woodstock, Ontario. Died September 12, 1940, Walton, New York, U.S.A. Annie completed her studies at the masters level at the University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, U.S.A. and continued in her education in mathematics earning a PhD. from Cornell University, New York, U.S.A. in 1894. Upon graduation she was awarded the Association of Collegiate Alumnae European Fellowship to study mathematics a the Gottingen University. Returning from studies in Europe in 1896 she began her career at Wells College, Aurora, New York, U.S.A., as professor and Registrar. She was elected to the American Mathematics Society in 1897. She was also a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the League of Women Voters. She devoted time and energy to encouraging women to take a spirited interest in local, state and national communities. Source: Biographies of Women Mathematicians. Online (Accessed 2004) (2020)
Yoshiko Kasahara Born March 25, 1912, Tokyo, Japan. Died December 6, 1966. In 1950 she received a scholarship to work in post graduate studies at the University of Texas. She also received an MA in mathematics at the University of Michigan and worked for her PhD in sociology at the University of Michigan. Dr Kasahara  moved to Canada in 1956 where she joined the Census Division of Statistics Canada and then the Central Research and Development Staff. She specialized in demographic research but participated actively in a large variety of projects. She published numerous  papers, distinctive reports and represented Canada at a number of international conferences with distinction. The high professional standards that she applied to her work were also evident in her hobby of photography. An accomplished linguist she was also a stimulating conversationalist. (2020)
Cecilia Krieger Born April 9, 1894, Jaslo, Poland. Died August 17, 1974. Cecelia began her studies at the University of Vienna, Austria, but moved to the University of Toronto earning her B.A., M.A. and PhD by 1930. She was the 1st woman to earn a Canadian mathematics doctorate. She was a instructor, lecturer and assistant professor at the University of Toronto retiring only in 1962. She continued teaching at Upper Canada College, Kingston, Ontario until her death. The Canadian Mathematical Society now awards the CMS Krieger-Nelson Prize lectureship for Distinguished Research by Women in Mathematics in honour of Cecilia Krieger and Evelyn Nelson. She encouraged her students in their studies in mathematics and engineering and was an active participant in the Canadian Association of University Women. (2020)
Cathleen Synge  Morawetz née Synge. Born May 5, 1923, Toronto, Ontario. Died August 8, 2017, Greenwich Village, New York, U.S.A. She began her studies in mathematics by obtaining her B.A. at the University of Toronto. She continued her studies by earning a master's degree at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1946 and she earned her PhD. at New York University in 1951. She has contributed to several esteemed scientific associations and was the first woman to belong to the Applied Mathematics Section of the National Academy of Sciences in the United States. In 1997 she received the Krieger-Nelson Award from the Canadian Mathematical Society in recognition of her outstanding research.  Married with four children she has been recognized by the National Organization for Women for combining a successful career and family. In 2004 she was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Mathematical Society to recognize the cumulative influence of her total mathematical work. (2020)
Evelyn Merle Nelson née Roden. Born November 25, 1943, Hamilton, Ontario. Died August 1, 1987. Her parents were Russian immigrants who supported their daughter all the way through her studies.  She began her undergraduate studies at the University of Toronto in Mathematics-physics-chemistry honours program then transferred to McMaster University in Hamilton. Shortly after she married Mort Nelson. She graduated in 1965 at the top of her class and began her post graduated studies receiving her Master’s degree in 1967 followed in 1970 with a PhD from McMaster. She gave birth to her first child while writing her thesis which was published in the Canadian Journal of Mathematics. She began a teaching career at McMaster and was promoted to full professor in 1983. She served as editor of Algebra Universalis. She also chaired, 1982-1984 the Unit of Computer Science within the mathematics department at the University. The Canadian Mathematical Society now awards the CMS Krieger-Nelson Prize for Distinguished Research by Women in Mathematics in honour of Cecilia Krieger and Evelyn Nelson. Source: Evelyn M. Nelson ( accessed November 2002.) (2020)
Nancy Margaret  Reid Born September 17, 1952. Starting out in computer studies she soon learned that she preferred statistics. She earned her B.A. from The University of Waterloo, in Ontario, her masters' from the University of British Columbia and her PhD. from Stanford University, California, U.S.A. in 1979. She is currently a Professor of Statistics at the University of Toronto where she has taught since 1986 and served as Chair of the department from 1997-2002. an elected member of several distinguished societies and associations in her field she was the winner of the President's Award of the Committee of Statistical Societies in 1992. The award recognized outstanding contribution to the profession of statistics. In 1995 she was the first recipient of the Krieger-Nelson Prize lectureship for distinguished research by a woman in mathematics. She has produced over 50 journal publications in statistics as well as three major books in the field. All of this while being an mother of two active children!. (2020)

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