935 AD to 1698 AD
|935||Bjari Herjolfsson sights mainland North America. He is possibly the first European to visit North America.|
|1007||Gudrid (Born Iceland circa 980) gives birth to a son, Snorri, the first European child born in North America.|
|1494||The colonial world is divided between Spain and Portugal by the Treaty of Tordesillas.|
|1497||June 24 - Giovanni Caboto (John Cabot 1450-1498) a Venetian sailing for England, claims Newfoundland for England.|
|1534||Jacques Cartier (1491- 1557) sights Newfoundland on his first voyage to Canada.|
Born Marie Rollet, (1580 ca. - 1649.) Canada’s first farming wife.
|1582||Sir Humphrey Gilbert visits Newfoundland and claims the land for England.|
||Francoise Marie Jacqueline de la Tour is the first European woman to make a home in Acadia.|
|1608||July 3 - Samuel de Champlain founds Quebec the first permanent European settlement in Canada.|
|1610||December 27- Married, 40 year old Samuel de Champlain to 12 year old Hélène Boullé|
|1611||Sheila NaGiera (The Irish Princess ) and her husband, Gilbert Pike, legendary pioneers of Newfoundland, settled as planters and small business people on Carbonnear Island where they are considered the first European couple to settle Newfoundland's shores. Source: The Beaver February/March 2005 pg. 44-45.|
|1612||March 27 - the first official record of an European baby born in Newfoundland to Mr. and Mrs Guy (or Gore). Source : The Beaver February/March 2005 pg. 44|
|1617||Marie Rollet. (circ 1580-1649.) arrives in New France with her husband and young children. Her husband would become known as Canada’s first farmer. He is also an apothecary and Marie befriends the local natives to whom her husband administers. She is Canada’s first farmer’s wife. Their farm was on Cape Diamond which is located in the heart of the modern city of Quebec. She may also be considered Canada’s first teacher as records show she enjoyed teaching the local native population.|
April 17 - Born Marguerite Bourgeoys (1620 - 1700) founder of the the Congregation de Notre Dame at Montreal.
|1634||The first of the Filles du Roi, young French women were recruited by religious communities and agents of the One Hundred Associates with the intent of marrying them to men in the colony of New France arrive in New France.|
|1639||May 4 - Marie de
L'Incarnation sails from Dieppe harbour in France for New
France. Source Jean Bannerman Leading Ladies
Canada. Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing, 1977 pg 18
August - Marie de L'Incarnation and her party arrive in New France. Source Jean Bannerman Leading Ladies Canada. Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing, 1977 pg 18.
Marie de L'Incarnation founds an Ursuline convent in the settlement of Quebec.
A smallpox epidemic decimates the Huron peoples reducing their population by 50%
The first mother-house of the Ursuline sisters in Canada is completed
in New France. Source Jean
Bannerman Leading Ladies Canada. Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing, 1977
|1642||May 18, 1642 - Montreal is established by Sieur de Maisonneuve. Jeanne Mance (1606-1673) arrived with the founding party of the settlement. Source Jean Bannerman Leading Ladies Canada. Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing, 1977 pg 26|
|1643||January 6, 1643 - Jeanne Mance and Mme de la Peltrie, founders of a hospital and Ursuline Convent, are among a party which climbed the Mountain in Montreal, celebrating Epiphany by planting a wooden cross on top of the Mountain. Source: Database Canada by Bob Bowman (Toronto, HOlt, 1967)|
|1644||Jeanne Mance (1606-1673.) opens Hôtel- Dieu, the first hospital in Canada.|
March 19 - Born Marie Morin (Baptized (1649-1730), the first Canadian born woman to become a religious sister.
|1653||Marguerite Bourgeoys, (1620-1700) the first school teacher in Montreal, arrives from France.|
|1659||July 2, 1659 - The first community of uncloistered nuns, Société de Notre Dame de Montréal, in the new world came into existence when Marguerite Bourgeoys (1620-1700) first companions joined her on the ship carrying the last of the great recruitments undertaken by the Société de Notre-Dame de Montreal. Source: Patricia Simpson. Marguerite Bourgeoys and Montreal 1640-1665. (Montreal : McGill Queen's University Press, 1997)|
February 4 - Baptised Charlotte-Francoise Juchereau de Saint Denis (1662-1702) A mother of 16 children she was also a notable business personality in New France.
January 4 - Born Jeanne LeBer Montreal, Quebec (1662-1774) A religious recluse who story served as background for a 1998 mystery novel Death du jour.
|1663||There are 6 bachelors for each girl who reached
puberty in New France.
The Filles du Roi - Daughters of the King - begin to arrive in New France. It was a project sponsored by the King of France himself to bring young unmarried women to the colony to encourage marriage and an increase in population. Their transportation and settlement expenses, as well as the dowry for some of them, were assumed by the royal treasury.
September 22 - baptized Catherine Jérémie de Lamontagne (1664-1744)midwife and amateur botanist.
|1667||Canada's first census lists 3215 non native
February 4, 1667 - the first Ball is held in Canada. It is a celebration of a victory over the Iroquois, Source: Database Canada by Bob Bowman (Toronto: Holt, 1967)
|1668||Born Louise Guyon (1668?- ??? An Acadian who was perhaps a spy? for the French.|
XlV of France inaugurates the first baby bonus in New France.
|1670||May 2 - A royal charter founds the Hudson's Bay Company which is granted all rights over Rupert's Land including all territory draining into the Hudson Bay.|
|1673||September 3 - The last group of the Filles du Roi arrive in New France, ending the successful ten year royal project to help populate the colony.|
April 13 - Born Lydia Longley (1674-1758) the first American Nun.
|1676||Marguerite Bourgeoys (1620-1764) established an industrial school, La Porvidence, to teach trades to young girls. Source Jean Bannerman Leading Ladies Canada. Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing, 1977 pg 31|
March 3 - Born Madelaine de Verchères, (1678-1747) youth heroine of New France.
|1683||Mrs. Sargeant, wife of the Governor of the Hudson Bay Company, her companion, Mrs. Maurice, and a maidservant are the first English women to come to James Bay.|
|1685||Jeanne Le Ber (1662-1714) takes a vow of perpetual seclusion, chastity and poverty.|
Born Catherine Quevillon Papineau (1686-1781) pioneer and matriarch of the famous Papineau Family.
|1690||January 31, 1690 - The Duchess D'Aiguillon gives 18,000 francs for the establishment of a hospital in the Canada( the area now known as Quebec) Source: Database Canada by Bob Bowman (Toronto: Holt, 1967)|
|1692||October 22 - Marie Madelaine Jarret de Verchères defends the family fort with a handful of seniors and children against the Iroquois, a true youthful hero of New France.|
known German immigrant arrives.
Source: The Timechart history of Canada by Meredith Macardle (2004)
September 17 - Born Eunice Williams (1694-1785) pioneer who survived capture by unfriendly Natives to become mother of an North American family dynasty.
April 10 - Born Ester Wheelwright (1696-1780), kidnapped by Indians, she would be brought to New France where she grew up and became Mother Superior of the Ursuline Order.
January 18 - Born Thérése de Couagne (1697-1764), astute business woman of New France.
|1698||July 1 - Marguerite Bourgeoys (1620-1700.) establishes the Congregation de Notre Dame at Montreal.|