1970 AD to 1979 AD
The Canada Royal Commission on the Status of Women
tables a report with recommendations to eliminate sexual inequality
1970 - Sue Johanson opens in Don Mills Birth Control Clinic, the first such clinic in a High school in North America.
1970 - With the approval of three doctors abortion becomes available in some hospitals on a case-by case basis. ( http://herstory.womenspace.ca/timeline.html )
1970 - The Abortion Caravan crosses Canada and stops in Ottawa with a specific demonstration at Parliament. 30 women chain themselves to the parliamentary gallery in the House of Commons, closing the Canadian parliament for the first time in its history. Source : A History of Abortion in Canada http://www.prochoiceactionnetwork-canada.org/history.html (accessed July 30, 2003)
June 1970 - Dr Henry Morgentaler's office is raided by the police and he is charged with conspiracy to perform an abortion. Source : A History of Abortion in Canada http://www.prochoiceactionnetwork-canada.org/history.html (accessed July 30, 2003)
November 20-21, 1970 - The first national conference of the Canadian Women's Liberation Movement at the University of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Source: http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/44/279.html Reprinted from The Militant December 4, 1970. (accessed July 4, 2005)
1970 - The first Women's studies courses are offered at the University of Toronto, McGill University, University of Waterloo, Université de Montréal and the University of Guelph. . Source A Chronology of the development of women's studies in Canada. The Canadian Electronic Feminist Network http://www.unb.ca/PAR-L/chronology1.htm (accessed April 28, 2003. )
1970 - Born Sylvia Tennisco (1970 - ) Graphic artist.
April 22, 1970 -- Born Robbyn Hermitage, champion badminton player.
May 8, 1970 - Born Naomi Klein (1970- ) social activist and author.
July 7, 1970 - Born Cree Summer, actress.
July 28, 1970 - Born Isabelle Brasseur, with skating partner Lloyd Eisler she was one of Canada's finest pairs figure skating champions, with world and Olympic Medals.
August 21, 1970 - Carrie-Anne Moss , international model and actress.
October 5, 1970 - Born Tina Poitras top ranked sport walker.
November 30, 1970 - Born Sandra Oh, actress.
July 9, 1970 - Died Flora McCrae Eaton (1881-1970) businesswoman, social activist and author.
August 1970 - Died Marion Long (1882-1970) portrait painter.
October 20, 1970 - Died Judith Jasmin (1916-1972) pioneer and accomplished broadcast journalist.
October 22, 1970 - Died Pauline Donalda ( real name Pauline Lightstone) (1882-1970) internationally renowned opera singer.
|1971||1971 - The
University of British Columbia offers the first degree granting
program in Woman's Studies. Source: Women's
Studies by Renee Bondy in Herizon. Herison.ca (accessed July
November 12, 1971-
saves the lives of passengers and crew of an
Air Canada flight from a hijacker.
|1972||1972 - Rosemary Brown (1930-2003) is the first
black woman elected to a provincial legislature as a
member of the New Democratic Party in British
British Columbia Federation of Labour.
1972 - Muriel McQueen Furgusson (1899-1997.) is named the first woman Speaker of the Senate of Canada and the becomes the first woman speaker in the Canadian Parliament.
1972 - The Canadian Income Tax Act allows the deduction of the cost of child care from the income of working mothers.
1972 - The Canadian Newsletter of Research on Women/ Recherches sur la femme-bulletin d'information begins publishing. Source A Chronology of the development of women's studies in Canada. The Canadian Electronic Feminist Network http://www.unb.ca/PAR-L/chronology1.htm (accessed April 28, 2003. )
1972 - The Alberta Sexual Sterilization Act (1928) is repealed. 2,822 people had been sterilized. Many of the operations were illegal un the Act itself. Source: Herstory: A Canadian Women's Calendar 2000 Page 72.
1972 - The Toronto Women's Bookstore starts out as a few shelves of books at a Toronto Women's Center on Dupont St. Source: A short history of the Toronto Women's Bookstore The Varsity, University of Toronto, February 4, 2010
1972 - Pat Messner (1954- ) is the first Canadian
woman to win an Olympic medal in water skiing.
|1973||1973- The Montreal Gay Women publish the first Canadian
lesbian journal, Long Time Coming.
1973 - The National Native Women’s Association is established in Winnipeg, Manitoba.
1973 - Sylvia Olga Fedoruk (1927- ) is the first woman appointed to the Atomic Energy Control Board of Canada.
1973 - The first rape crisis telephone line is Canada is opened by Vancouver Rape Relief.
( http://herstory.womenspace.ca/timeline.html )
November 13, 1973 - Henry Morgentaler is acquitted of illegal abortion charges in Montreal.
1973 - Five undergraduate courses in Women's studies are offered at the University of British Columbia , the first academically credited women's studies program in Canada. Source A Chronology of the development of women's studies in Canada. The Canadian Electronic Feminist Network http://www.unb.ca/PAR-L/chronology1.htm (accessed April 28, 2003. )
1973 - Rosella Bjornson (1947- ) is the first woman to be hired as First Officer in North America on scheduled jet equipment and the first woman hired by a commercial air line in Canada. She is also the first woman to e a member of the Canadian Air Line Pilots Association.
Source: Canadian Aviation Hall of Fame http://www.cahf.ca/members/B_members.htm (accessed July 18, 2005)
|1974||1974 - The first
National Conference on Women in Sport is held in Toronto.
This leads the way to the creation of Sport's Canada's Women's
Program. Source Canada Women's
Foundation. History of the women's movement: selected moments of
importance in the history of Canadian women , 2004
1974 - Pauline McGibbon (1910-2001) is appointed Lieutenant Governor of the Province of Ontario (1974-1980) and became the first Canadian woman to obtain such a position.
1974 - The National Film Board of Canada opens Studio D. This is the first women's English film studio in the world. It will produce films from a women's perspective. Source Canada Women's Foundation. History of the women's movement: selected moments of importance in the history of Canadian women , 2004 http://cdnwomen.org.
1974 - 17 year old Lucille Lessard is the first Canadian to win the World Field Archery Championships.
1974 - Women comprise 80% of librarians in Canada. Men held 90% of administrative positions within the profession. Source: Canadian Chronology Http://tdi.uregina.ca/~maguirec/chron.html (accessed April 28, 2003)
1974 - Pauline Jewett (1922-1992) is appointed president of Simon Fraser University, the first woman to be head of a major co-educational university in Canada.
1974 - CORA, The Feminist Bookmobile is launched by Judith Quinlan and Ellen Woodsworth to take feminist literature to rural areas of Ontario. ( http://www.coolwomen.ca/)
June 1974 - Toronto Police women are first placed on regular patrol duties with men . The women are expected to do the dame work as male colleagues. Source: Herstory: Milestones in the History of the Toronto Police Service Women Online Accessed June 2011.
August 16, 1974 - Long distance swimmer, 16 year old Cindy Nicholas, breaks the record for a crossing of Lake Ontario.
September 17, 1974 - The Royal Canadian Mounted Police accept 4 women recruits, the first females to join the force.
November 1974 - Gladys Jolly becomes the first woman to command men assigned to a police station in Toronto, Ontario. Source: Herstory: Milestones in the History of the Toronto Police Service Women Online Accessed June 2011.
1974 - Medical doctor Major Wendy Clay qualifies for her pilot's wings six years before the pilot classification of the Canadian Armed Forces is opened to all women. Source "Women throughout Canadian military history." in Canadian Forces Personnel Newsletter Issue 2/05 23 February 2005.
1974 - The Canadian Abortion Rights Action League (CARAL) is founded as the first national group promoting abortion rights in Canada. Source : A History of Abortion in Canada http://www.prochoiceactionnetwork-canada.org/history.html (accessed July 30, 2003)
1974 - The Aboriginal Nurses Association of Canada is established. Source : www.anac.on.ca
1974 - Catherine Parr Trail (1802-1899), pioneer and author is designated a National Historic Person by the Historic Sites and Monument Board. An historic plaque is erected at Young's Point, Ontario in 1995.
1974 - Constance R. Glube, (1931 - ) ONS becomes the 1st Canadian woman to be appointed as City Manager (Halifax, Nova Scotia) Source" Protocol Office, Order of Nova Scotia. Online Accessed June 2011.
June 1,1974 - Born Alanis Morissette,(1974- ) award winning singer
July 7, 1974 - Born Jennifer Jones (174- ) international medalist in Curling.
August 1, 1974 - Born Beckie Scott, (1974- ) Olympic gold medalist in Cross Country skiing.
September 3,1974 - Born Amanda Lynn Mayhew (1974- )model, magazine editor and entrepreneur
October 28, 1974 - Born Naida Cole (1974- ), piano soloist.
August 17, 1974 - Died Cecilia Krieger (1894-1974) noted mathematician.
December 15, 1974 - Died Helen Griffith Wylie Watson (1911-1974) award winning nurse and officer in the Order of Canada.
- The United Nations declares International Women's Year 1975 - it will become a whole
1975 - The World YWCA Councils holds its meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia. 450 delegates participate from 70 member countries.
1975 - Grace Hartman (1918-1993.) is elected to the national president of the Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE) and is the first woman to hold the top position in a Canadian Union. http://www.coolwomen.ca/
February 18, 1975 - Sylvia Ostry (1927- ) becomes the first woman to hold the rank of Deputy Minister in the government of Canada.
May 30, 1975 - The Canadian Post Office issues a commemorative stamp honouring the life of Marguerite Bourgeoys (1620-1700), founder of the Congregation de Notre-Dame de Montréal. Mother Marguerite Bourgeoys was canonized ( declared a Saint in the Roman Catholic Church in October 1982.
1975 - Rosemary Brown is the first woman to run for the leadership of a federal party. She loses he New Democratice leadership to Ed Broadbent. Source: Women in History: a timeline by Kristen Smith Postmedia News March 3, 2011.
1975 - Cathy Townsend (1937- ) is
the first Canadian woman to win the Bowling Cup.
The United Nations hosts the first
international conference on women in Mexico City.
1976 - Iona Campagnolo (1932- ) is appointed the first federal Minister of Sport for Canada.
February 1976 - Catherine Priestner (now Priestner-Allinger) is the first Canadian woman to win an individual medal in speed skating at the Olympic Winter Games, Innisbruck, with a silver in the 500 metre event.
The Canadian Citizenship Act is amended to allow
women to confer Canadian Citizenship on their children.
March 22, 1977 - the photo image of movie star Bridgette Bardot hugging a seal hits the world press wires. It was a tactic in the international animal rights activities in Northern Newfoundland. Source: 100 days that changed Canada. (Toronto: Harper Collins, 2011)
1977 - Sandra Lovelace, an aboriginal woman from Tobique Reserve in New Brunswick, appeals to the United Nations Human Rights Commission against the injustice of Canada's Indian Act which gave native status through the male head of the household. The UNHRC would rule in Lovelace's favour. Source: Many names to consider by Thomas Axworthy in The Ottawa Citizen Monday, April 11, 2005 pg. A13.
1977 - Mary Wong of Hamilton Ontario becomes the first Canadian of Chinese descent to be appointed as a Citizenship Court Judge.
1977 - Highway signs appear in metric system.
1977 - The Manitoba Bar admits Lawyer Marion Ironquil Meadmore, the first aboriginal Canadian woman, to the bar. Source: Canadian Chronology Http://tdi.uregina.ca/~maguirec/chron.html (accessed April 28, 2003)
1977 - The first Canadian "Take Back The Night March" is held in Vancouver, British Columbia.
( http://herstory.womenspace.ca/timeline.html )
1977 - Melanie Dobson, Mary Sheppard, Eileen Gillespie and Jessie Sloan are the first Canadian women to win Rhodes Scholarships to Oxford University in England. Source: Canadian Chronology Http://tdi.uregina.ca/~maguirec/chron.html (accessed April 28, 2003)
September 21, 1978 - the Canadian Post office issues a commemorative
stamp celebrating the life of Marguerite d'Youville
(1701-1771) founder of the "Grey Nuns".
1978 - Judy Cameron is the first woman pilot hired by Air Canada.
1978 - Birth control pills carry warnings of health risk for smokers and women over forty years of age.
1978 - Statistics Canada reports that women university graduates earned $4,000 to $7,000 less than men with equivalent. jobs and skills.
1978 - Helen Marie Rathwell, A Saskatchewan farm wife, wins a landmark decision, from the Supreme Court of Canada which grants half the property acquired in her husband’s name.
1978 - The Canadian Omnibus Bill is passed, eliminating pregnancy as a basis for layoff or dismissal.
1978 - The Independent order of the Daughters of the Empire officially become the IODE.
1978 - The Simone de Beauvoir Institute at Concordia University, Montreal is founded 'to promote the understanding of the historical and contemporary situation of women in society.' Source A Chronology of the development of women's studies in Canada. The Canadian Electronic Feminist Network http://www.unb.ca/PAR-L/chronology1.htm (accessed April 28, 2003. )
1978 - Corporal Gail Toupin is the first woman member of the Sky Hawks, the Canadian Army's skydiving demonstration team. Source "Women throughout Canadian military history." in Canadian Forces Personnel Newsletter Issue 2/05 23 February 2005.
November 17, 1978 - Born Rachel Anne McAdams (1978- ) actress
November 18, 1978 - Died Rose Marie Reid (1906-1978) swim suit fashion icon and entrepreneur.
May 9, 1978 - Died Dorothy Steeves (1895-1978) Social activist and Member of British Columbia Legislature 1934-1945.
The first female students enrolled in Canadian
June 10, 1979 - The Feminist Party of Canada is launched in Toronto.
1979 - Herizon, Canada's feminist magazine begins publishing as a regional newspaper. Source: Herizon.ca (accessed July 2011)
1979 - The University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario establishes an undergraduate BA program in Women's studies. Source A Chronology of the development of women's studies in Canada. The Canadian Electronic Feminist Network http://www.unb.ca/PAR-L/chronology1.htm (accessed April 28, 2003. )
1979 - Nellie J. Cournoyea ( 1940- ) is elected to the Legislature of the Northwest Territories and becomes the first native woman to lead a provincial territorial government in Canada.
1979 - Jean Casselman-Wadds (1920-2011) is the first woman to be appointed as Canadian High Commissioner to Great Britain. Sources: Obituary. Ottawa Citizen December 3, 2011.
November 4, 1979 - Laverna Katie Dollimore (1922-2011) administrative diplomatic civil servant aides in saving American Diplomats during the Iranian revolution. Source: Remembering Laverna Dollimore a woman ahead of her time by Robert Wright. Ottawa Citizen November 4, 2011; She got more adventure than she bargained for in Tehran by Nora Ryell The Globe and Mail, December 13, 2011. Page R5.
1979 - Pat Messner (1954- ) is the first Canadian woman to win a world championship in waterskiing.
1979 - Rosella Bjornson (1947- ) is the first pregnant commercial air pilot!! Source Rosella Bjornson Canadian Hall of Fame inductee . Canadian Ninety-nines http://www.canadian99s.org/articles/P_bjornson.htm (accessed July 18, 2005)
1979 - Ione Christensen (1933 - ) becomes the Commissioner of the Yukon Territories.
1979 - Eleanor Reed Townsend (1944-1988) became the first woman to win the open class (open to both men and women) national fiddle competition.
January 8, 1979 - Born Sarah Polly, actress.
January 21, 1979 - Born lana Miller, actress.
August 12, 1979 - Born Cindy Klassen, medal winning world champion speed skater.
November 30, 1979 - Born Severn Cullis-Suzuki ( 1979_ ) international environmentalist.