1950 AD to 1959 AD
|1950||1950 - 1953 - women once again volunteer for military service when
when Canada commits itself to the Korean War. Source:
National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces, Fact sheet.
Online (Accessed March 2014)
February 14, 1950 - Nancy Hodges (1888-1969) is appointed as Speaker of the House in the British Columbia legislature the 1st woman in the British Commonwealth to hold such a position.
1950 - Inuit Canadian are given the right to vote.
March 1950 - several women’s organizations amalgamate to create the Congress of Canadian Women to lobby for equal rights for women in all aspects of life.
1950 - Marion Orr (1918-1995) of Maple, Ontario begins her own flying school. During her career as a flight instructor she trained over 600 pilots. Source: Women in Canadian History. Susan Merrwill http;//www.niagara.com/~merrwill/trivia.html (accessed June 3, 2004)
1950 - Acclaimed engineer Dormer Ellis (1925 - ) becomes the 1st woman professor of electrical engineering at Ryerson Institute of Technology, Toronto, Source The Toronto Business and Processional Women’s Club. Online Accessed February 2013.
1950 - Canadians invent the green garbage bag. Source : Canuck Chicks and Maple Leaf Mamas : women of the Great White North by Ann Douglas Toronto, McArthur and Co., 2002. pg 18.
1950 - Born Cathy Kerr (1951-2004) social activist for the disabled
March 16, 1950 - Born Kate Nelligan, actress.
April 18, 1950 - Born Jane Austin Coop, musician.
June 17, 1950 - Born Cathy Sherk ( 1950- ) Canadian Champion women's golfer.
July 11, 1950 - Died Dr. Margaret Ellen Douglas (1878-1950) doctor and medical administrator in Manitoba.
July 12, 1950 - Born Barbara Astman, photographer and multimedia artist.
July 20, 1950 - Born Tantoo Cardinal, actress.
July 23, 1950 - Born Belinda Montgomery (1950- ) well respected support actress worked mainly in TV.
September 15, 1950 - Born Sheila Fraser (1950- ) appointed Auditor General of Canada.
September 28, 1950- Born Catherine Robbin (1950- ), mezzo-soprano.
November 2, 1950 - Born Wendy Lill Playwright (1950- ) , journalist, community development worker, historian and Member of Parliament (Dartmouth, N.S.)
November 9, 1950 - Born Rachelle Halpenny (1950-2012) a sport personality who say no disability to entering the "Game"
November 22, 1950 - Born Linda Granfield, author.
September 28, 1950 - Born Catherine Robbin (1950- ), acclaimed opera singer
November 29, 1950 - Born Anne Goodman (1950-2013) educator
1950 - Died Julia Arthur (1869-1950) international stage actress and movie star.
July 11, 1950 - Died Margaret Ellen Douglass (1878-1950) distinguished early woman doctor.
July 29, 1950 - Died Alice Stuart Massey ( -1950) Wife of Vincent Massey and author.
All three services of the Canadian military begin
to recruit women in the reserves. Source:
Women in the Military. The Canadian Encyclopedia Online
http://thecanadianencyclopedia.com accessed March 2005.
July 3, 1951 - The 1st 80 recruited enlisted women in the Royal Canadian Air Force arrive at St Jean , Quebec for basic training. Source: A Brief History. RCAF Women. www.rcafwomen.ca
1951 - The Ontario government passes the Female Employees Fair Remuneration Act requiring equal pay for women who do the same work as men. Source: Shirley Tillotson, "Human Rights Law as a Prism: Women's Organizations, Unions, and Ontario's Female Employees Fair Remuneration Act, 1951," Canadian Historical Review (1991) 72#4 pp 532-557
1951 - The Quebec government passes law that gives married women the power to exercise her civil rights in her own name rather than through her husband.
1951 - Charlotte Whitton (1896-1975) is the 1st woman to become mayor of a major Canadian city, Ottawa.
1951 - Addie Aylestock becomes the 1st Black woman to be ordained as a Minster in Canada. Source: Black History Month http://cyberus.ca/~acdas/bhm1a.html (accessed May 2005)
August 16, 1951 - Winnie Roach-Leuszler (1926-2004) becomes the 1st Canadian woman to swim the English Channel. (Information from her family)
October 2, 1951 - the 1st enlistees in the Woman's Division of the Royal Canadian Navy begin their training. Source: “Doreen Nettie Paterson Reitsma” by Raymond Reitsma , The Vancouver Hall of Fame, online (Accessed December 2012.)
November 12, 1951 - National Ballet of Canada is founded.
The province of Manitoba passes a law allowing women to sit on a
1952 - Tillie Jean Rolston (1887-1953) is appointed the Minister of Education in British Columbia becoming the 1st woman to hold a provincial cabinet position with a portfolio in Canada. Women who had held provincial cabinet positions prior to this date were not given a specific portfolio.
1952 - Elsie Knott, a member of the Ojibwa tribe, is the 1st aboriginal woman elected chief.
September 1952 - Canada's 1st television stations begin broadcasting in Montreal and Toronto.
September 8, 1952 - Laddie Dennis (1920-2009) is the 1st Canadian woman to appear on Canadian TV. Source: Canadian Broadcast Museum Foundation Http://www.cbmf-fmcr.ca/Newsletter/march 2009/laddie.php (Accessed March 2009)
1952 - Ethlyn Trapp (1891-1972) became the 1st woman doctor to become head of the National Cancer Institute of Canada. Source: Vancouver Hall of Fame (Accessed December 2012)
Hanaka Muraoka, a Japanese woman who learned English at school and
became a translator published her translation in Japanese of Anne
of Green Gables...Akage-no An ( Red haired Anne)
Source: Canadian Women Missionaries at Toyo Eiwa in Japan
1882-2006. Translated by Seiichi Ariga and Wayne Irwin. (Toyo
Eiwa Jogakuin, 2012)
|1953||January 1, 1953 - National Library of Canada is
established in Ottawa.
January 9, 1953 - Marguerite Pitre is the last woman hanged in Canada. She was sentenced to death for her role in the bombing of a passenger airplane. Source: Canada’s History December 2011-January 2012 page 11.
January 1953 - 5 women, including Mrs. Irvin McLean are the 1st women to serve on a jury in Ontario. Source: Cochrane Northland Post January 22, 1953. pg.2.
July 13, 1953 - Stratford Festival opens under a tent for its 1st season.
July 27, 1953 - Korean conflict ends.
1953 - The Canadian government passed the Fair Employment Practices Act to help end discrimination in the labour force
1953 - Vitamin D is now added to milk.
1953 - there are 3,133 women enlisted in the RCAF Source: A Brief History. RCAF Women. www.rcafwomen.ca
1953 - Nancy Hodges becomes the 1st woman senator in British Columbia's legislature. Source: British Columbia Federation of Labour. http://bcfed.com/issues/women/history
1953 - Stella Panarites (1924-1986) is the 1st woman lawyer of Greek Heritage to be called to the bar in Ontario. Source: Diversifying the bar: Lawyers Make history. Law Society of Upper Canada Online
1953 - Canada's Outstanding womens Athelete of
the year was Ernestine Russell Weaver,
(1938- ) Champion Gymnast. (Also won this title for
1954 & 1955)
June 7, 1954 - The Canadian
government declares Onésime Dorval
(1845-1932) the 1st certified teacher in the Red River
District a Person of National Historic significance.
Source: Dorval, Onésime (1845-1932) Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan.
Online (Accessed May 2014)
The province of New Brunswick passes a law that allows women to sit
on a jury.
September 9, 1954 - Long distance swimmer, Marilyn Bell
) becomes the 1st person to swim across Lake Ontario, a
distance of 51 km.
1954 - Frances Dafoe (1929 -
) and skating partner Norris Bowden
(1926-1991) win the World Pairs Skating competition for the
2nd year in a row. They also hold 1953-1956 the North American
Championship titles. .
Canada’s Sports Hall of Fame Online (Accessed January 2013)
Restrictions on the employment of married women in
the federal public service are removed.
1955 - The Canadian Army and Navy begin to recruit women for regular services not just reserves. By 1955 more than 5,000 women are serving. Source: Women in the Military. The Canadian Encyclopedia Online http://thecanadianencyclopedia.com ; Source: National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces, Fact sheet. Online (Accessed March 2014)
1955 -The Ontario government amends its Mothers Allowance legislation to include unwed mothers.
1955 - Lucille Teasdale-Corti (1929-1996) is the 1st woman in Québec to receive a diploma as a surgeon. Sources: Dr. Lucille Teasdale. Canadian Medical Hall of Fame Online (Accessed 2005) ; Lucille Teasdale. The Canadian Encyclopedia Online (Accessed 2005) ; Dawson, Joanna and Beverly Tallon. “Helping Heroes: Canadians who made a difference in the world.’ In Canada’s History February- March 2013
1955 - Margaret Gee is the 1st Chinese Canadian woman lawyer to be called to the bar. Source: Canadian Chinese National Council. Moments of Chinese Canadian History. http://www.ccnc.ca/toronto/history/timeline.html (accessed July 7, 2003)
1955 - Canada's Outstanding womens Athelete of the year was Ernestine Russell Weaver, (1938- ) Champion Gymnast. (Also won this title for 1953 & 1955)
1955 - The Canadian Labour Congress is established.
1955 - The Canadian Sports Hall of Fame is established.
1955 - Abby Hoffman (1947- ) wants to play hockey. In order to play she has to cut her hair short and play as a boy. All went well until the all-star game when players had to submit birth certificates! Abby became an overnight sensation and other girls soon appeared to try out for boys hockey teams! Source: Women's Hockey - backcheck; a hockey retrospective. Library and Archives Canada http://collectionscanada.ca/hockey/024002-2200-e.html (accessed January 27, 2006)
1955 - Frances Dafoe-Mellick (1929- ) and Norris Bowden (1926-1991) Pairs skating champions are inducted into Canada's Sports Hall of Fame. Source: Canada’s Sports Hall of Fame Online (Accessed January 2013)
1955 - Born Sarindar Dhaliwal (1955- ) artist and feminist of Sikh descent.
1955 - Born Andromache Karakatsanis (1955- ) appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada 2011.
1955 - Born Kathy Knowles (1955 - ) lay librarian and social activist.
February 1, 19555 - Born Donna Brown (1955 - ) internationally acclaimed soprano.
February 10, 1955 - Born Brenda Clark, illustrator of Franklin the Turtle books.
February 28, 1955 - Born Rebecca Gail Cowan (1955- ) artist
March 9, 1955 - Born Marilyn C. Bodough, businesswoman and motivational speaker, a member of the 2996 Canadian & World Championship curling teams.
March 11, 1955 - Born Leslie Cliff (1955- ), world medalist in swimming
March 26, 1955 - Born Annette Mangaard (1955- ), filmmaker.
April 12, 1955 - Born Claire Samson (1955- ), businesswoman in communications and broadcasting.
May 19, 1955 - Born Sue Holloway (1955- ) , Olympic skier and Kayak racer.
May 26, 1955 - Born Louise Bédard (1955- ) renowned dancer on stage, TV and movies.
June 19, 1955 - Born Renée Elaine Elio (1955- ) , professor and author in the field of computer sciences.
July 17, 1955 - Born Geneviére Cadieux(1955- ), photographic artist.
August 12, 1955 - Born Jane Siberry (1955- ) a singer who owns her own record label.
August 17, 1955 - Born Manitok Thompson (1955- ), teacher and Inuklitut programs specialist and MPP Northwest Territories.
October 13, 1955 - Born Teresa Toten (1955- ) writer.
October 15, 1955 - Born Kristine Winder (1955- ), model.
1955 - Died Mary Margaret "Margery" Brooker (1901-1955) In 1941 the firs woman appointed School Inspector for the Virden District , Manitoba, the First Canadian women to hold such a position.
1955 - Died Mabel Priscilla Penery French (1881-1955) 1st woman lawyer in New Brunswick.
1955 - Died Violet Irene Guymer (1885-1955) first woman licensed funeral director in Canada
January 1, 1955 - Died Victoria Cartier (1867-1955) Pianist, organist and teacher.
January 11, 1955 - Died Henrietta Tuzo Wilson (1873-1955) The first Canadian born woman mountaineer.
March 13, 1955 - Died Mary Walker Dobson (1871-1955) teacher who received King’s Coronation Medal 1937.
April 10, 1955 - Died Sara "Sadie" Ann Stringer ( 1869-1955) Anglican Church Missionary to the Canadian Northwest
May 18, 1955 - Died Emilie Musgrave Boswell (1886-1955) early journalist with the Winnipeg Tribune.
December 28, 1955 - Died Pearl Hart (1871-1955) woman stagecoach robber.
The Canadian government passes the Federal Equal Pay
legislation in an attempt to provide equality in pay for men and
women. However there is still a long way to go for pay equity.
January 11, 1956 - Ann Shipley (1899-1981) is the 1st woman to move acceptance of the Speech from the Throne in the House of Commons. Source: Bob Bowman, Dateline: Canada. Toronto: Holt Rinehart and Winston of Canada, Ltd., 1973.
The federal government passes a law granting women
equal pay for doing "identical or substantially identical"
work as men.
21,1957 - Rt. Hon. Ellen Louks Fairclough (1905-2004) is the
1st woman appointed to the Canadian federal
cabinet by Prime Minister John Diefenbaker.
1957 - Mabel Frances Timlin (1891-1976.) is the 1st woman to be elected to the executive committee of the American Economics Association.
1957 - The Canada Council is established to enhance the Canadian cultural experience.
1957 - Blanche Margaret Meagher (1911-1999.) she is the 1st woman to become appointed as an ambassador from Canada.
1957 - Winnie Roach-Leuszler (1926-2004) is the 1st Canadian woman to be a baseball umpire
1957 - Canada has only 24 women engineers , compared with Russia's 233,000! Source: Jean Bannerman, Leading Ladies of Canada (Belleville, Mika Publishing, 1977);
1957 - Ruth Addison (1897-2005) is the 1st woman to be a member of the Civil Service Commission. Source: Jean Bannerman, Leading Ladies of Canada (Belleville, Mika Publishing, 1977);
January 17, 1957 - Born Nancy Argenta (1957- ) soprano.
February 17, 1957 - Born Loreena McKennit (1957- ), singer, actress and writer.
March 10, 1957 - Born Shannon Tweed (1957- ), TV and film actress.
March 23,1957 - Born Amanda Plummer (1957- ), actress.
March 24, 1957 - Born Olivia Chow (1957- ) prominent politician and MP of the NDP.
April 3, 1957 - Born Sandra Bell Lundy (1957- ), cartoonist and founder of the comic strip "Between Friends"
April 6, 1957 - Born Gail (1957- ), Amundrud Award winning competitive swimmer.
April 9, 1957 - Born Kit Brennan Watters (1957- ), actress and playwright .
April 25, 1957- Born Francine Pelletier, (1957- ), award winning author.
May 1957 - Died Helen Barnard McCall (1899-1957) Photographer
May 1, 1957 - Born Marjorie Blackwood ( 1957- ) Award winning tennis star.
May 4, 1957 - Born Kathy Kreiner (1957- ), Gold medal Olympian in skiing.
May 21, 1957 - Born Linda Bouchard (1957- ), composer and orchestra conductor.
May 26, 1957 - Born Lucille Lessard (1957- ), World champion archer.
June 16, 1957 - Born Cindy Shatto (1957-2011) a true pioneer in the sports of swimming and diving.
June 29, 1957 - Born Janice Rennie (1957- ), award winning financial consultant.
August 20, 1957- Born Cindy Nicholas (1957- ), long distance swimmer and member Canadian Sports Hall of Fame.
September 6, 1957- Born Michaelle Jean (1957- ) 27th and first Afro Caribbean Governor General of Canada.
November 8, 1957 - Born Afua Cooper (1957 - ) Black Canadian historian, author and poet.
1958 - Les Grands Ballets Canadiens is founded in
Source: The Timechart of
History of Canada by Meredith Macardle (2004)
1958 - Jean Casselman-Wadds (1920-2011) is the third woman elected to the Canadian Parliament and along with her father Earle Rowe they became the only father daughter ever to sit in the same session of Parliament. Sources: Obituary. Ottawa Citizen December 3, 2011.
1958 - Frances Dafoe -Mellick (1929- ) and Norris Bowden (1926-1991) figure skating pairs Olympic Silver Medalists in 1956 are inducted into the Canadian Olympic Hall of Fame. Source: Canada’s Sports Hall of Fame Online (Accessed January 2013)
1958 – Margaret Meagher (1911-1999) is appointed to Israel, Canada’s 1st female ambassador. Source: Margaret Weiers, Envoys Extraordinary: Women of the Canadian Foreign Service (Toronto: Dundurn, 1995)
October 22, 1958 - Blanche Margaret Meagher (1911-1999) is the 1st woman appointed as a Canadian Ambassador when she served in Israel. Sources: Margaret K. Weiers, Envoys Extraordinary: Women of the Canadian Foreign Service. (Toronto; Dundurn, 1995); Blanche Margaret Meagher, Canadian Encyclopedia online (Accessed July 2015)
3, 1959 - Marie-Marguerite d'Youville ( -1771) is
beatified ( a step in the declaration of sainthood by the
Roman Catholic Church). She is the first Canadian born candidate for
1959 - Canada's Food Rules is renamed and updated to become Canada's Food Guide.
July 1959 - Margaret Paton Hyndman (1901?-1991) who served the Free France Movement during World War ll is awarded a citation fro Charles DeGaulle and received a silver medal from the City of Paris. Sources: Toronto Business and Professional Club, website accessed March 1913. ; Margaret Hyndman, lawyer: no warm welcome 50 years ago, Ottawa Citizen June 13, 1976.
1959 - Betty
Celia Franca (1921- ) found the National Ballet School