1940 AD to 1949 AD
||January 1940 - The 1rst marriage
between a British woman and a Canadian serviceman was celebrated at
Farnborough Church in the Aldershot area of England. Some 48,000 such
marriages followed over the next 6 years. These marriages
formed part of a most unique immigration movement in Canada. This generation of women, many with infants, mostly
British, these war brides are an important part of Canadian
history that has gone relatively unnoticed by historians and
journalists. As the women approach their senior years, they are just
beginning to tell their stories. Source : Canadian War
Brides http://canadianwarbrides.com (accessed May 20, 2005)
April 25, 1940 -
The Quebec government passes a law allowing women of the province
the right to vote in provincial elections and the right to run for
election in the provincial legislature.
1940 - Canadian General Electric's Fred Moffatt
invents the electric kettle.
Source : Canuck Chicks and Maple Leaf Mamas : women of the
Great White North by Ann Douglas Toronto, McArthur and Co., 2002.
Legislation is changed to allow women
to enlist in the Canadian Forces More than 45,000 women volunteer
for full-time military service other than nursing. All three
services establish women's divisions and the range of duties
broadens during the war from traditional trades such as clerks,
cooks, drivers, and telephone operators to include mechanics,
parachute riggers, and heavy mobile equipment drivers.
Source: National Defence and the Canadian Armed
Forces, Fact sheet. Online (Accessed March 2014)
1941 - Married women form 10% of the Canadian work force but by 1941 they made up 23% of the Canadian work force. Source: Janet Ray, Towards Women’s Rights, Toronto, Grolier Ltd, 1981.
April 29, 1941 - Premier Joseph-Adèlard Godbout established legislation to amend the Bar Act to allow women to be called to the Bar in the Province of Quebec. Source: Elizabeth Monk BCL '23 by Kathryn Lèger. Montreal Gazette, October 28, 2011. Accessed June 2013.
June 13, 1941 - Fern Blodgett (1918-1991) became the 1st Canadian woman to serve in the Merchant Marines. Source: 100 more Canadian Heroines by Merna Forster (Dundurn Press, 2011)
July 2, 1941- The Canadian Women's Army Corps is formed Source: The Canadian Encyclopedia.
Women in the Military. Http:
1941 - Jessie
Gray ( -1978)
is the 1st Canadian woman to become a "fellow" in
the Royal College of Surgeons and the first woman member of the
Central Surgical Society of North America.
1941- Lucile Garner Grant
(1910-2013) establishes the stewardess programme for
Yukon Southern Air Transport (later Canadian Pacific Airlines)
Source: “She was Canada’s firs airline stewardess” by Nora Ryell
The Globe and Mail, March 29, 2013.
January 10, 1942 - Elizabeth Monk
(1898-1980), Constance Garner-Short,
Suzanne Filion and Marcelle Hémond-Lacoste are the 1st women admitted to the Bar in Quebec.
Source : Herstory: A Canadian Womens Calendar2006,
Coteau Books, 2005.
1942 - The Women's Royal Canadian Navel Service (WRENS) is established. source: The Canadian Encyclopedia. Women in the Military. Http: www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com
1942 - 45,423 women entered wartime forces in Canada. Source Female roles in World War ll Http://femalerolesinwwll.com (Accessed May 13, 2009)
1942 - Mary Greyeyes-Reid (1920-2011) is the 1st Aboriginal woman to enlist in the Canadian Womens Army Corp. Sources: Women’s History Month: Women in Canadian Military Forces: A proud Legacy. Status of Women Canada. October 2011. Online (Accessed March 2014)
1942 - all Canadian women between ages of 18 to 24 were registered for Selective Service in case of a shortage of manpower in the war effort. Source: Herstory: The Canadian Women's calendar 2008 (Saskatoon women's calendar collective/Coteau Books, 2007)
1942 - On the home front food rationing begins.
1942 - The province of Quebec passes legislation to allow women to hold office as school trustees.
October 2, 1942 - Marion Orr (1918-1995) is the 1st Canadian woman to operate a flying club when she is hired as Manager and Chief Flying Instructor by the St Catherines Flying club. Source: Marion Orr. http://www.canadian99s.org (accessed August 16, 2005)
1942 - Emily Carr (1871-1945) at 71 wins the Governor General's Award in literature for her first book, Klee Wyck.
1942 - Canada's 1st nutrition guidelines are introduced. They are called CANADA'S OFFICIAL FOOD RULES. In 1944 the name was changed to Canada's Food Rules. They came about with wartime food rations and an economic recession , coupled with a physically active Canadian Lifestyle led to a country of people with relatively poor eating habits.
|1943||January 3, 1943 - Kateri Tekakwitha (1656-1680) is
declared venerable ( a stage to being declared a Saint in the Roman
Catholic Church) by Pope Pius Xll. She is the first Native American
woman and the first North-American lay-woman
considered for sainthood by the Roman Catholic Church.
May 30, 1943 - The All American Girls Professional Baseball League plays its 1st game. The League lasted to 1954 with over 50 young Canadian women scouted to play baseball
June 1943 - There are an estimated 795,000 women in the work force in Canada up 159,000 since 1939. Janet Ray, Towards Women’s Rights, Toronto, Grolier Ltd, 1981.
June 1943 - Isabel Janet Macneill / MacNeill (1908-1990) became commanding officer of HMCS Conestoga, the 1st woman in the British Commonwealth to hold such a command. Source: Herstory 2006: The Canadian Women’s Calendar. Coteau Books, 2005) ; Macneill, Isabel 1908-1990. Fonds. Memory Nova Scotia. Nova Scotia Public Archives. Online (Accessed October 2014)
1943 - Monique Leyrac (1928- ) using her natural gifts of music and drama starts her acting career on radio. She is the first great international star from French Canada.
1943 - Born Sharon Johnston (1943- ) wife of 28th Governor General, David Lloyd Johnston.
1943 - Born Sheila Ann Martin (1943- ) wife of Prime Minister Paul Martin
1943 - Born Daurene Lewis (1943-2013) she was the 1st Black woman in Canada to become a mayor when elected mayor of Annapolis, Nova Scotia.
1943 - Born Janice Gross Stein (1943- ) educator inducted into the order of Canada 2006.
1943 - Born Anne Lindsay ( 1943- ) Renowned home economist and health eating advocate
1943 - Born Sally Armstrong, acclaimed award winning journalist, author and documentary film maker.
January 19, 1943 - Born Allison Ruth Gordon, journalist and author.
January 23, 1943 - Born Joy Langan (1943-2009) Social activist, feminist and Member of Parliament.
March 12, 1943 - Born Jalynn Bennett (1943-2015) powerhouse businesswoman.
March 19, 1943 - Born Heather Robertson (1943-2014) author and journalist.
April 14, 1943 - Born Eleni Skalbania (1943-2013) businesswoman
May 11, 1943 - Born Nancy Green, international champion skier who has been awarded the Order of Canada.
June 18, 1943 - Born Jill Bodkin, business woman and financial leader.
July 16, 1943 - Born Sally Wishart Armstrong (1943- ) social activist, journalist and biographer.
September 7, 1943 - Born Beverly McLachlin (1943- ), 1st woman to be Chief Justice of the Canadian Supreme Court.
October 1, 1943 - Born Angèle Arsenault Acadian fold music writer and performer.
November 3, 1943 - Born Paule Gauthier (1943- ) Lawyer and public servant, Officer of the Order of Canada.
November 25, 1943 - Born Evelyn Merle Nelson (1943-1987) renowned mathematician.
1943 - Died Aileen Isabel Bicknell (née Silk) (1896-1943) early Canadian woman lawyer
1943 - Died Lovisa McDougal (1855-1943), pioneer of Canadian northwest.
1943 - Died Harriet Oliver (1863-1943) pioneer of western Canada and political wife.
February 18, 1943 - Died Ida Lynd (1857 -1943) an indomitable early Canadian woman doctor.
February 22, 1943 - Died Virna Sheard (1865-1943) poet and short storey writer.
March 11, 1943 - Died Emily Poynton Weaver (1865-1943) Historian and author.
June 11, 1943 - Died Annie Crisp Bond (1854-1943) nurse and philanthropist
June 22, 1943 - Died Mary Ellen Birties (1858-1943) 1 of 1st nurse training program ,Winnipeg General Hospital, 1887, Order of the British Empire.
September 24, 1943 - Died Hattie Walker (1865-1943) social activist.
September 25 - Died Augusta Stowe-Gullen (1957- 1943), the 1st woman to graduate in medicine from a Canadian university.
October 21, 1943 - Died Anne- Marie Gleason (1875-1943) Pioneer journalist known mainly as "Madeleine"
October 26, 1943 - Died Emma Sophia Baker ( 1856-1943) psychologist
November - Died Minna Keen (1861-1943) pioneer photographer.
March 17, 1944 - Margaret "Ma" Murray (1888-
1982 ) begins her newspaper in the Peace District of British
Columbia, The Alaska Highway News. In 1971 she receives Order of
Sources: “Ma Murray: Fighting Editor of the Peace” by Stephen
Franklin, Weekend Magazine Vol. 8 No. 23, 1958
6, 1944 - Allied units, including those from Canada land in Normandy
beaches on D-Day.
5, 1945 - World War ll European hostilities cease.
June 20, 1945 - The Canadian government introduces the Family Allowance Act giving every mother of a child 16 and under an allowance to help clothe, feed and educate that child. A Youth Allowance is provided for children between 16 and 18 years who are still attending school. These payments are sent directly to the mother except for Quebec where the fathers received the payments.
June 26, 1945 - Canada joins the United Nations. The Charter of the United Nations, was the first international agreement to proclaim gender equality as a fundamental human right. Since then, the Organization has helped create a historic legacy of internationally agreed strategies, standards, programmes and goals to advance the status of women worldwide.
1945 - By the end of the war some 45,423 women have enlisted in the armed forces providing support functions for the war effort. Source: The Timechart history of Canada by Meredith Macardle (2004)
1945 - Married women form 23% of the Canadian work force where previously in 1941 they made up only 10% of the Canadian work force. In total women made up 31.4% of the Canadian work force. Source: Janet Ray, Towards Women’s Rights, Toronto, Grolier Ltd, 1981.
1945 - Jean Spears (1921- ) founds the England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland and Canada Club for War Brides. In 2006 she is awarded the Order of the British Empire for her efforts on behalf of War Brides. Sources: Canadian War Brides; www.canadianwoarbrides.com : Women in Ottawa: Mentors and milestones ; www.womeninottawa.blogspot.com accessed July 2011.
1945 - The Toronto Board of Police Commissioners order the salary range of policewomen be the same as that in effect for policemen and that the women be equipped with proper blue uniforms. Source: Herstory: Milestones in the History of the Toronto Police Service Women Online Accessed June 2011.
1945 - Dr Lotta Hitschmanova (1909-1990) founds the Unitarian Service Committee, Canada's first overseas relief and development agency. Source: USC Canada proposal to the Royal Canadian Mint (Ottawa, 2005)
1945 - Gwethalyn Graham (1913- ) publishes her novel, Earth and High Heaven, the 1st Canadian novel to top the American bestseller list.
1945 - Born Gunhild "Gunnie" Hotte (1945 - ) artist.
1945 - Born Rita Deverell (1945- ) Hall of Fame Broadcaster
1945 - Born Carole Taylor (1945- ) Hall of fame broadcaster.
1945 - Born Judy Rebick, journalist and social activist.
January 15, 1945 - Born Bonnie Burnard (1945- ) award winning author.
February 2, 1945 - Born Pauline Vaillancourt Arvida [Jonquière] Quebec . A soprano who founded Chants Libres.
February 7, 1945 - Born Colette Whiten (1945- ) sculptor
March 27, 1945 - Born Anna Mae Aquash (1945-1976) Social activist on behalf of Aboriginal North Americans.
June 8, 1945- Born Bronwyn Deborah Anne Drainie (1845- ) broadcast journalist.
June 12, 1945 - Born Marjorie Mills (1945-2013)a piano player who recorded with Quality Records of Canada, Gemstone Records, and Master Recordings.
June 20, 1945 - Born Anne Murray, award winning popular singer.
June 22, 1945- Born Marti Maraden (1945- ) stage actress and director.
July 6, 1945 - Born Rosemary Forsyth, actress.
October 20, 1945 - Born Jo-Ellen Bogart (1945 - ) author.
November 6, 1945 - Born Elizabeth Comper (1945-2014), philanthropist and social motivator for anti-Semitism.
December 4, 1945- Born Roberta Lynn Bondar, Canada's first woman in space.
December 8, 1945 - Born Mary Steuart-Mllwaine medal winning and world record holding swimmer.
1945 - Died Constance Easton Hamilton (1862-1945) first woman in Canada elected to serve in a large metropolitan area.
1945 - Died Stella Irene Boyd (1891-1945) Entertainer, contralto and vocal teacher in Manitoba.
1945 - Died Irene Currie Love (1881-1945) journalist and one of the founders of the Canadian Women's Press Club.
1945 - Died Elizabeth McDougall Young (1852-1945) pioneer of the Canadian North West.
January 17, 1945 - Died Lorrie Alfreda Dunnington-Grubb (1877-1945) pioneer in the profession of landscape architecture.
March 20, 1945 - Died Mattie Cartmell (1845-1945) educator and missionary to Japan.
April 1, 1945 - Died Mabel Annesley Johnston (1870-1945) author
May 1945 - Died Antoinette Gérin-Lajoie (1871-1945) journalist, one of the founders of Canadian Womens Press Club 1904.
November 1, 1945 - Died Marie Gerin-Lajoie (1867-1945) champion of women's rights in Quebec.
The women's sections of all 3 Canadian armed
service branches are disbanded.
Source: Women in the Military. The Canadian
Encyclopedia Online http://thecanadianencyclopedia.com
February 9, 1946 - The 1st official group of Canadian War Brides, women who had married Canadian Servicemen overseas during World War ll arrives. The Mauretania ll lads at Pier 21 in Halifax, Nova Scotia with 900 servicemen's dependants on board. Source: CanadianWarbrides.com Accessed June 2011.
1946 - Only 46 women hold elected positions in municipal governments across Canada.
1946 - Gladys Porter (1893-1967) is the 1st woman in the Canadian Maritimes to become Mayor of a municipality, Kentvile, Nova Scotia. She serves in this position until 1960.
1946 - Laure Eva Rièse (1910-1996) becomes the 1st woman faculty member to earn her PhD. Sources: Laure Eva Rièce Collection. E.J. Pratt Library, University of Victoria Campus, University of Toronto. Online. Accessed July 2013.
November 8, 1946 - Viola Desmond (1914-1965) was arrested in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia when she sat in the downstairs seating instead of the balcony where Blacks were forced to sit in the segregated Roseland Theatre. This event tool place several years before Rosa Parks took her seat on the front of a bus in the United States! More information: Historica: Black history http://blackhistorycanada.ca/timeline.php?id=1900 (Accessed March 2007)
1946 - The Ontario Teachers Federation approves the principle of equal pay for men and women teachers. Source: Canadian Chronology Http://tdi.uregina.ca/~maguirec/chron.html (accessed April 28, 2003)
1946 - Winnie Roach-Leuszler (1926-2004) internationally acclaimed swimmer is the 1st woman to be hired by the YMCA to set up Programmes swimming instruction and coaching.
1946 - Winnie Raoch-Leuszler
(1926-2004) wins the 5 mile World Swimming Championship in
Toronto when she is 3 months pregnant
|1947||January 1, 1947 - The Canada Citizenship act comes into
effect creating for the 1st time "Canadian citizens" instead
of British subjects. Prime Minister Mackenzie King is given the
1st citizenship certificate.
The Canadian Citizenship Act allowed women who married a man from
another country to retain her Canadian Citizenship. A Canadian man’s
wife who came from another country had to wait 1 year before
becoming a Canadian citizen while a Canadian woman’s husband who
came from another country had to wait 5 years to become a citizen
and their children would have to take the citizenship of their
father making them citizens of a foreign country if he had not yet
received his Canadian citizenship.
1947 - Leila Wightman (1899-1976) the 1st Canadian woman to own and run a telephone company, Wightman Communications in Clifford, Ontario Sources: Telecommunications Hall of Fame http://telecomehall.ca (Accessed October 2011)
October 1, 1947 -
The Canadian Department of External Affairs lifts the ban on women
not working in the Foreign Service.
Source: Margaret Weiers, Envoys Extraordinary: Women of the
Canadian Foreign Service (Toronto: Dundurn, 1995)
1948 - The United Nations adopts the Universal Declaration of Human rights asserting that all people are equal without distinction of any kind such a s race, colour, sex, language…or other status. It is the 1st international document to proclaim sex equality as a fundamental human right.1948 - Women over the age of 21 in Newfoundland gain the right to vote in elections, the same age as male voters. Prior to this date women had to be 25 in order to vote.
January 1948 - Mary Pickford (1892-1979) holds the premier of her movie Sleep my love in Ottawa Canada. She dines with prime Minister W. L. M. King the evening of the premier. Source: 100 Canadian women : famous and forgotten faces by Merna Forster Toronto, Dundurn Press, 2004 pg 207.
February 6, 1948 - Barbara Ann Scott (1928-2012) wins Canada's 1st gold medal in ladies' figure skating at the Winter Olympics in St Moritz, Switzerland.
1948 - Vitamin B 12 is discovered.
1948 - Barbara Ann Scott (1928- ) is the 1st Canadian woman to win the World Figure Skating championships.
1948 - Ruth Bailey and Gwennyth Barton were the 1st black women to graduate from a Canadian school of nursing. Source: Black History Month http://cyberus.ca/~acdas/bhm1a.html (accessed May 2005)
1948 - Mary Peck (1904-1992) begins her campaign to make people aware of Arthritis. This is the roots of the foundation of the Canadian Arthritis Society. Source: The history of Metropolitan Vancouver Hall of Fame online (Accessed November 2012) :Pioneers every one by E. Blanche Norcross (Burns and MacEachern Ltd, 1979)
1948 - Born Susan Harrison (1948-2013) author.
1948 - Born Maryka Omatsu (1948 - ) the 1st East Asian Canadian Judge when appointed to the Ontario Court of Justice.
1948 - Born Jeanette Armstrong, author
1948 - Born Marie-Jeanne Bartleman (1948- ) political wife of James Bartleman, Lieutenant Governor of Ontario
1948 - Born Francoise David (1948 - ) Social activist
1948 - Born Diane Dupuy, (1948- ) founder of the Famous People Players, a black light theatre group of young developmentally youth.
1948 - Born Charlotte Gray (1948- ) award winning author of popular history works.
February 29, 1948 - Born Yolande Racine, art history researcher, archivist, curator and educator.
March 4, 1948 - Born Joanna Ruth Nichols (1948- ) author of books for children
April 6, 1948 - Born Margaret Gibson, award winning author.
April 26, 1948 - Born Erika Ritter (1948- ) playwright, writer and broadcaster with the CBC.
May 24, 1948 - Born Lorna Crozier, award winning poet.
June 4, 1948 - Born Frieda Wishensky author of books for young readers.
July 31, 1948 - Born Maureen Kempston Durkes (1948- ) President and General Manager of General Motors Canada
August 19, 1948 - Born Susan Jacks (1948 - ), member of the musical duo "The Poppy Family" and telecommunications executive.
September 10, 1948 - Born Margaret Joan Trudeau (1948- ) wife of Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau.
November 26, 1948 - Born Marion Lay (1948- ) swimming champion and coach
December 25, 1948 - Born Jane Marie Youngberg (1948- ) Champion Badminton Player
1948 - Died Friselda Caisse (1858-1948) local social activist in Ontario.
1948 - Died Cécile Laberge (1861-1948) journalist and one of the founders of the Canadian Women's Press Club. 1904.
1948 - Died Geraldine Oakley (////-1948) an indomitable lady doctor of Calgary, Alberta
February 1, 1948 - Died Octavia Grace England, first woman valedictorian at McGill University.
April 14, 1948 - Died Mary Ann Doak (1855-194* Pioneer of the Canadian Northwest.
July 29. 1948 - Died Alice Stuart Massey, author and wife of Governor General Vincent Massey
November 29, 1948 - Died Margaret Madge Rose Robertson Watt (1888-1948) instrumental at establishing the Women's Institutes in England.
December 2, 1948- Died Rose-Anna Vachon (1870 (?)- 1948) baker and business woman
|1949||1949 - Newfoundland joins Confederation.
December 12, 1949 - Nancy Hodges is named Speaker of the British Columbia Provincial Legislature, the 1st woman to hold the post of Speaker in the British Commonwealth. Source: British Columbia Federation of Labour. http://bcfed.com/issues/women/history
1949 - The federal government makes changes to Canada's Food Rules (originally introducec in 1942) to reflece living styles of post war Canadians. The Public is exercising less and eating more, and changes to the rules are necessary. They are the first of many changes to be made reflecting lifestyle changes in North America.
1949 - The government requires iodine be added to table salt. It is a known prevention of Goiter.
1949 - Carmen Elizabeth Clarke (1911-1960) became the first woman to write a son that sold over 1, 000,000 copies!
1949 - Pillsbury's Grand National Recipe and Baking contest is introduced and is the forerunner of the Pilsbury's biuennial Bake-Off Cooking and Baking Contest.
1949 - Born Jane Purves (1949-2013) journalist and politician.
1949 - Born Zahra Kazeml (1949-2003) murdered photographer and documentalist.
1949 - Born Jeanne Lamon (1949- ) violinist and award winning Director of Tafelmusik.
1949 - Born Terry Litovitz (1949-2005) an accounting teacher who was concerned for her students.
March 4, 1949 - Born Carroll Baker, award winning country music singer
May 17, 1949 - Born Myra Freeman (1949- ) first woman to be appointed Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia.
July 11, 1949 - Born Liona Boyd, ( 1949 - ) classical guitarist.
July 30, 1949 - Born Alexina Louie, musician and composer
August 6, 1949 - Born Mary diMichele, poet and writer.
August 20, 1949 - Born Mobina Jaffer (1949 - ) appointed to the Senate in 2001, she is the 1st Muslim Senator in Canada.
October 16, 1949 - Born Jane Elizabeth Vasey (1949-1982) blues musician.
November 14, 1949 - Born Carol Matas ( 1949- ) author
December 25, 1949 - Born Jane Elizabeth Proctor (1949-2014), physiotherapist to team Canada.
1949 - Born Ann Klager Higgs (1949 - ) champion in waterskiing
1949 - Died Sophie Strub ( -1949) founder of a family pickle business.
January 4, 1949 - Died Almanda Walker-Marchand (1868-1949) founder Federation des femmes-française.
January 14, 1949 - Died Elizabeth Smith-Shortt (1859-1949) pioneer women doctor.
March 2, 1949 - Died Alice Amelia Chown (1866-1949) suffragist and author.
April 21, 1949 - Died Agnes Dennis (1859-1949) social activist.
April 22, 1949 - Died Emilie Tremblay (1872-1949) pioneer of the Yukon and first white woman to climb the Chilkoot trail in 1894.
May 18, 1949 - Died Margaret Alexandra Shea (1863-1949) first woman to be a professional nurse in Newfoundland.
June 4, 1949 - Died lice Jane Jamieson (1860-1949) 1st woman in the British Empire appointed as judge. in juvenile court.
November 22, 1949 - Died Bertha Carr-Harris (1863-1949) author.