935 -16991700 - 17991800 - 18491850 - 18991900 - 19091910 - 1919
1920 - 19291930 - 19391940 - 19491950 - 19591960 - 19691970 - 1979
1980 - 19891990 - 19992000 - 20052006 - 20102011 -

Return to Timeline introduction

1940 AD to 1949 AD
Events listed relate to Canadian women with a few extra items added to give the timeline perspective.

This timeline is not all inclusive.

The timeline  was fun to prepare and hopefully it will be fun to read.  Perhaps it will even be  useful.

Events listed are drawn from various sources including those listed on other areas of http://famouscanadianwomen.com

If you wish more information on the women listed in this timeline be sure and check out the birthdays listed in
"Do you share a birthday with a famous Canadian woman?"

LAST UPDATED August  2014

DATES

EVENTS

1940
 
January 1940 - first marriage between a British woman and a Canadian serviceman was celebrated at Farnborough Church in the Aldershot area of England. Some 48,000 such marriages  followed over the next six years. These marriages  formed part of a most unique  immigration movement in  Canada. This generation of women, many with infants,  mostly British, these  war brides are an important part of Canadian history that has gone relatively unnoticed by historians and journalists. As the women approach their senior years, they are just beginning to tell their stories. Source : Canadian War Brides http://canadianwarbrides.com (accessed May 20, 2005)

April 25, 1940 - Québec women win the rights to vote and run for office in provincial elections.

Winter 1940-
the Preston Rivulettes and the Winnipeg Olympics both default in attending the Dominion Women's Hockey Championships. Neither team could raise the fund to attend the championships. The great depression and the effort for World War ll had taken the wind out of the sails of women's hockey. There would not be another national event in women's hockey until 1967.. Source "Queens of the Ice Lanes: the Preston Rivulettes and women's hockey in Canada 1931-1940 " by Carly Adams in Sport History Review 2008 Vol. 39 pages 1-29.

1940 -
Edra Ferguson (1907-2011) is the 1st woman judge to be named to the small Claims Court of Ontario when it is established. Sources: Diversifying the bar; Law Society of Upper Canada online accessed January 2013. Obituary, St Thomas Times Journal November 2011.

1940 - Canadian General Electric's Fred Moffatt invents the electric kettle. Source : Canuck Chicks and Maple Leaf Mamas : women of the Great White North by Ann Douglas Toronto, McArthur and Co., 2002.  pg 17.

1940 - The first female clerk is appointed to work for the Toronto Police Force. Source: Herstory: Milestones in the History of the Toronto Police Service Women Online Accessed June 2011.

1940 - Ethel Stark
(1916?-   ) founds the Montreal Women's Symphony.  Although denied even the most basic financial assistance, the Montreal Women's Symphony continued to perform until the late 1960s.

1940 - Tillie Hosken of Toronto is the first woman to bowl a score of 450 in 5-pin bowling.
Source: 5-pin Bowling History http://www.cvnet.net/burnstd/  (accessed May4,  2005.)

1940 - Artist Emily Carr (1871-1945) publishes Klee Wyck which wins the Governor's General Award in literature.
Source:  Important moments in Canadian History http;;/www.ouc.bc.ca/flar/timeline  ( accessed May 2002)

Births 1940:
1940 -
Born Rosemary Speirs (1940-  ) Journalist
1940 - Born Ann Conner Brimer (1940-1988) educator and promoter of books for children.
February 15, 1940 -
Born Marilyn Edythe Broughton, educator musician and composer.
March 1940 - Born
Mary Hart Gilliland (1940-2010) social activist
March 12, 1940 - Born Cathie Anne Oberholtz (!940-2012) anthropologist
April 6, 1940  - Born Maria Campbell, author of books and screenplays.
April 23, 1940 - Born Diane Mary Loomer (1940-2012) Choirmaster, composer , Order of Canada recipient.
July 19, 1941 - Born Ann Louise Caspell Schulman (1941-2003) sport administrator in swimming.
September 19, 1940 - Born Sylvia Tyson (1940 -   ) folk and country music singer.
October 3, 1940 -
Born Cynthia Jean Durance (1940-2005) Librarian who worked at the National Library of Canada.

Deaths 1940:
1940  -
Died Lillian Freiman (1885-1940)
In 1934 she became the first Canadian Jew to be awarded the Order of the British Empire.
1940 -
Died
Agnes Elizabeth Wetherald (1857-1940) Freelance journalist.

March 18, 1940 - Died Maud Abbott (1869-1940) internationally acclaimed medical doctor who specialized in the study of heart disease.
August 24, 1940 - Died Janet Chisholm Lee (1862-1940) worked with Adelaide Hoodless to establish Womens Institutes.
September 8, 1940 - Died Laura Bordon (1889-1940) wife of Prime Minister Robert Laird Bordon (1854-1937)
September 12, 1940 - Died Annie Mackinnon Fitch (1868-1940) noted mathematician.

1941 1941 - Legislation is changed to allow women to enlist in the Canadian Forces More than 45,000 women volunteer for full-time military service other than nursing. All three services establish women's divisions and the range of duties broadens during the war from traditional trades such as clerks, cooks, drivers, and telephone operators to include mechanics, parachute riggers, and heavy mobile equipment drivers.   Source: National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces, Fact sheet. Online (Accessed March 2014)

April 29, 1941 -
Premier Joseph-Adèlard Godbout established legislation to amend the Bar Act to allow women to be called to the Bar in the Province of Quebec. Source: Elizabeth Monk BCL '23 by Kathryn Lèger. Montreal Gazette, October 28, 2011. Accessed June 2013.

June 13, 1941 - Fern Blodgett  (1918-1991) became the 1st Canadian woman to serve in the Merchant Marines. Source: 100 more Canadian Heroines by Merna Forster (Dundurn Press, 2011)

July 2, 1941- The Canadian Women's Army Corps is formed Source: The Canadian Encyclopedia. Women in the Military. Http: www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com

July 31, 1941 -
The Royal Canadian Navy, Women's Division are formed. Source: The Canadian Encyclopedia. Women in the Military. Http: www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com

August 1941 - The Canadian Women's Army Corps is established to allow women to join the Armed Forces in a non-combat support function. Dr. Jean Flatt Davey (1909-1989) becomes the second woman to enlist and the 1st woman doctor to enlist. Source: The Indomitable Lady Doctors by Carlotta Hacker (Toronto: Clarke, Irwin & Co Ltd, 1974) ; Order of Canada, www.gg.ca (Accessed February 2014)

Winter 1941 - The Ladies Ontario Hockey Association amalgamates with the Ontario Branch of the Women's Amateur Athletic Federation. It is just too expensive for women's hockey teams to raise funds for travel to games. Source "Queens of the Ice Lanes: the Preston Rivulettes and women's hockey in Canada 1931-1940 " by Carly Adams in Sport History Review 2008 Vol. 39 pages 1-29.

1941 - Jessie Gray (    -1978) is the 1st Canadian woman to become a "fellow" in the Royal College of Surgeons and the first woman member of the Central Surgical Society of North America.

1941 - Mary Margaret "Margery" Booker (1901-1955) becomes the 1st Canadian woman to be appointed as a School Inspector when appointed in Virden District, Manitoba. Source: Memorable Manitobans Profile by Gordon Goldsborough. Online (Accessed December 2011)

1941- Lucile Garner Grant (1910-2013) establishes the stewardess programme for Yukon Southern Air Transport (later Canadian Pacific Airlines) Source: “She was Canada’s firs airline stewardess” by Nora Ryell The Globe and Mail, March 29, 2013.

Births 1941:
1941 -
Born Sandy Brown (1941-  ) Social activist and volunteer she was the first woman to be appointed to the Jewish Federation of Toronto.
1941 -
Born Elizabeth "Betty" MacRae (1941-  ) Canada's first woman neurosurgeon
January 19, 1941 - Born Charlotte Vale-Allen ( 1941-   ) prolific author with works sell in some 20 countries.
January 25, 1941-
Born Sara Barber Medal winning swimmer.
February 20, 1941 -
Born Buffy Sainte-Marie, folk singer and social activist for Native Peoples.
March 9, 1941 - Born Donna Arlene Chow, A research scientist with an interest to recognizing women's work in her field.
April 1, 1941- Born Bonnie Sherr Klein (1941-   ) Quadriplegic social activist who does not give up.
April 10, 1941 - Born Janet "Jay" Barbara Acton (1941-2012) skier
April 14, 1941 - Born Nina Raginsky,  photographer.
April 29, 1941 - Born Paula Ross, international prima ballerina.
May 15, 1941 - Born Vivienne Poy, Senator.
May 21, 1941 - Born Lise Boucher, award winning pianist.
August 25, 1941 - Born Carol Bolt (1941-2000) Canadian playwright
August 29, 1941 - Born Dr. Phyllis Jean McAlpine (1941-1998) Genetic researcher.
September 1, 1941 - Born Gwendolyn MacEwen  award winning poet.

Deaths1941:
1941 -
Died Gertrude E. Cutts (1858-1941) well known artist.
1941 - Died Margaret Mackellar (1861-1941) an indomitable early lady doctor.
February 20, 1941 - Died
Mary Travers (La Bolduc) (1894-1941) popular vocalist and composer of her era.
March 31, 1941  - Died
Marguerete Martha Allan (1895-1942) amateur dramatist.
October 23, 1941 - Died
Helga Steinvor Baldvinsdotir (1855- 1941) penname Undine, author and poet.    

1942 January 10, 1942 - Elizabeth Monk (1898-1980). Constance Garner-Short, Suzanne Filion and Marcelle Hémond-Lacoste are the 1st women admitted to the Bar in Quebec. Source : Herstory: A Canadian Womens Calendar2006, Coteau Books, 2005.

1942 -
The Women's Royal Canadian Navel Service (WRENS) is established. source: The Canadian Encyclopedia. Women in the Military. Http: www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com

1942 - 45,423 women entered wartime forces in Canada. Source Female roles in World War ll Http://femalerolesinwwll.com (Accessed May 13, 2009)

1942 - Mary Greyeyes-Reid
(1920-2011)  is the 1st Aboriginal woman to enlist in the Canadian Womens Army Corp.
Sources: Women’s History Month: Women in Canadian Military Forces: A proud Legacy. Status of Women Canada. October 2011. Online (Accessed March 2014)

1942 - all Canadian women between ages of 18 to 24 were registered for Selective Service in case of a shortage of manpower in the war effort. Source: Herstory: The Canadian Women's calendar 2008 (Saskatoon women's calendar collective/Coteau Books, 2007)

1942 -
On the home front food rationing begins.

October 2, 1942 -
Marion Orr (1918-1995) is the first Canadian woman to operate a flying club when she is hired as Manager and Chief Flying Instructor by the St Catherines Flying club. Source: Marion Orr. http://www.canadian99s.org (accessed August 16, 2005)

1942 - Emily Carr (1871-1945) at 71 wins the Governor General's Award in literature for her first book, Klee Wyck.

1942 - Canada's first nutrition guidelines are introduced. They are called CANADA'S OFFICIAL FOOD RULES. In 19944 the name was changed to Canada's Food Rules. They came about with wartime food rations and an economic recession , coupled with a physically active Canadian Lifestyle led to a country of people with relatively poor eating habits.

Births 1942:
1942 -
Born Virginia Dobson Shrivastava (1942-   ) social activist working in India.
1942 -
Born Ethel Weiss Auster (1942-2005) Librarian Born
1942 - Sandra Louise Birdsell, novelist.
1942 -
Born Sandra Tewksbury (1942-1962) Olympic figure skater.
January 6, 1942 -
Born Nancy Ruth, Canada's first feminist philanthropist.
|January 28, 1942 - Born Anne-Marie Comeau ONS (2004) founder & artistic director of La Baie en joie dance group & school.
February 5, 1942 - Born Gail Fox. Poet and editor
February 21, 1942 - Born Lenka J. Husa, veterinarian and educator.
March 3, 1942  - Born Menaka Thakkar classical dancer who has received awards in Canada and India.
March 6, 1942 - Born Irene F. Whittome , award winning sculptor
March 10, 1942 - Born Juanita Westmoreland-Traoré (1942-   ) Lawyer and 1st Black woman to teach at the University of Montreal.
March 27, 1942 - Born Arlene Billinkoff (1942-2009 long time legislative reporter for Winnipeg Free Press.
April 16, 1942 - Born Linda Crabtree ( 1942-   ) founder of CMT International
April 26, 1942 - Born Sharon Carstairs, member of the Canadian Senate.
June 21, 1942 - Born Jeannette Vivian Lavell, a courageous woman who fought to improve the status of aboriginal women.
July 1, 1942 - Born Genevieve Bujold, actress.
July 27, 1942 - Born Edith Butler, Acadian singer and appointee to the Order of Canada.
September 22, 1942 - Born Gail Bowen, author of mysteries and adventure novels for young readers.
November 12, 1942 - Born Janet Turner Hospital, author.
November 14, 1942 - Born Connie Rooke, (1942-2008) Canadian Academic.

Deaths 1942:
1942-
Died Rosalind Goforth (1864-1942) author.
May 27, 1942 -
Died Mary Sollace Saxe (1868-1942) librarian Westmount Public Library, author. and playwright.
October 6. 1942 - Died
Ella Cora Hind, (1861-1942) first woman journalist in the Canadian west  and women's rights activist.
December 1, 1942 - Died
Mary Alfretta "Retta" Gifford Kilborn (1864-1942) Methodist Medical Missionary in China.
 

1943 January 3, 1943- Kateri Tekakwitha (1656-1680) is declared venerable ( a stage to being declared a Saint in the Roman Catholic Church) by Pope Pius Xll. She is the first Native American woman and the first North-American lay-woman considered for sainthood by the Roman Catholic Church.

May 30, 1943 - The All American Girls Professional Baseball League plays its 1st game. The League lasted to 1954 with over 50 young Canadian women scouted to play baseball 

1943 - Monique Leyrac
 (1928-    ) using her natural gifts of music and drama starts her acting career on radio. She is the first great international star from French Canada.

Births 1943:
1943 -
Born Sharon Johnston (1943-  ) wife of 28th  Governor General,  David Lloyd Johnston.
1943 - Born Sheila Ann Martin (1943-   ) wife of Prime Minister Paul Martin
1943 -
Born Daurene Lewis (1943-2013) she was the 1st Black woman in Canada to become a mayor when elected mayor of Annapolis, Nova Scotia.
1943 -
Born Janice Gross Stein (1943-   ) educator inducted into the order of Canada 2006.
1943 - Born Anne Lindsay ( 1943-   ) Renowned home economist and health eating advocate
1943 - Born Sally Armstrong, acclaimed award winning journalist, author and documentary film maker.
January 19, 1943 -
Born Allison Ruth Gordon, journalist and author.
January 23, 1943 - Born Joy Langan
(1943-2009) Social activist, feminist and Member of Parliament.
March 19, 1943 - Born Heather Robertson (1943-2014) author and journalist.
April 14, 1943 -
Born Eleni Skalbania (1943-2013) businesswoman
May 11, 1943 - Born Nancy Green, international champion skier who has been awarded the Order of Canada.
June 18, 1943 - Born Jill Bodkin, business woman and financial leader.
July 16, 1943 - Born Sally Wishart Armstrong (1943-   ) social activist, journalist and biographer.
October 1, 1943 - Born Angèle Arsenault Acadian fold music writer and performer.
November 3, 1943 - Born Paule Gauthier (1943-   ) Lawyer and public servant, Officer of the Order of Canada.
November 25, 1943 - Born Evelyn Merle Nelson (1943-1987) renowned mathematician.

Deaths 1943:
1943 -
Died
Aileen Isabel Bicknell (née Silk)  (1896-1943) early Canadian woman lawyer
February 18, 1943 - Died
Ida Lynd (1857 -1943) an indomitable early Canadian woman doctor.
February 22, 1943 -
Died Virna Sheard (1865-1943) poet and short storey writer.
March 11 , 1943-
Died Emily Poynton Weaver (1865-1943) Historian and author.
June 11, 1943 -
Died
Annie Crisp Bond (1854-1943) nurse and philanthropist
June 22, 1943 -
Died Mary Ellen Birties (1858-1943) 1 of  1st  nurse training program ,Winnipeg General Hospital,  1887,  Order of the British Empire.
September 24, 1943 -
Died Hattie Walker (1865-1943) social activist.
September 25 -
Died
Augusta Stowe-Gullen Mount Pleasant, Canada West (1957- 1943)   the first woman to graduate in medicine from a Canadian university.
October 21, 1943 - Died
Anne- Marie Gleason (1875-1943) Pioneer journalist known mainly as "Madeleine"
October 26, 1943 - Died Emma Sophia Baker ( 1856-1943) psychologist

November - Died Minna Keen (1861-1943) pioneer photographer.
1944
March 17, 1944 - Margaret "Ma" Murray
(1888- 1982 ) begins her newspaper in the Peace District of British Columbia, The Alaska Highway News. In 1971 she receives Order of Canada.
Sources: “Ma Murray: Fighting Editor of the Peace” by Stephen Franklin, Weekend Magazine Vol. 8 No. 23, 1958

June 6, 1944 - Allied units, including those from Canada land in Normandy beaches on D-Day.

August 1944 - The federal Family Allowance Act is passed.

September  1944 - a teacher shortage in the Canadian prairies means that more than 500 small schools cannot open. Source: The Timechart of Canadian history by Meredith Macardle (2004)

1944 - Tommy Douglas leads the C.C.F Party to victory in Saskatchewan provincial elections, they form the first socialist government in North America.

1944 - Portia White (1911-1968)   is the first black Canadian woman to appear in the New York Town Hall, where she was touted as the “Canadian Marion Anderson”.

1944 - Rhona Wurtele-Gillis and Rhonda Wurtele-Eaves (1922-   ) champion swimmers, were Female Athletes of the year. Source: Who's Who in Canadian Sport, Bob Ferguson Scarborough, Prentice Hall, 1977 pg. 292.

1944 - Prenatal courses are introduced. The Victorian Order of Nurses, the Visiting Homemakers and public health departments across Canada start to offer pregnancy and childbirth preparation classes to mothers-to-be.
Source : Canuck Chicks and Maple Leaf Mamas : women of the Great White North by Ann Douglas Toronto, McArthur and Co., 2002.

1944 - The name of Canada's Official Food Rules ( appearing in 1942) are changed to Canada's Food Rules by the Government of Canada.

1944 - Olga Chumak (1919-2003)  became the 1st woman lawyer of Ukrainian heritage in the province of Ontario Source: Diversifying the bar: Lawyers makin history. Biographies of Early Exceptional Ontario Lawyers. Online Accessed January 2013.



Births 1944:
1944 -
Born Salome Bey (1944-   ) award winning singer and Honourary member of the Order of Canada.
1944 -
Born Averill Piers Baker (1944-   ) used her musical abilities to overcome her Cancer
1944 -
Born Ginette Anfousse (1944-  )  illustrator and author of the children's series Mon Ami Pichou.
January 25 1944 - Born Jolan Ezebet Szathmary. (1844-   ) Award winning academic.
February 1944 -  Born Eva Matsuzaki renowned architect known for her "Green buildings".
February 11, 1944 - Born Annette av Paul , prima ballerina.
February 17, 1944- Born Marjorie Griffin Cohen, Professor and economist.
February 21, 1944 - Born Louise Beaulac-Baillargeon educator, Pharmacologist and scientist.
April 28, 1944 - Born Elizabeth Ann Pacey (1944-   ) an historian who was responsible for several historic sites being preserved in Nova Scotia.
May 14, 1944 - Born Catherine McKinnon, singer.
May 20,1944 - Born Eleanor Caplan (1944-  ) politician
May 22, 1944 - Connie Eaves (1944-   ) an academic research scientist.
May 28, 1944 - Born Rita McNeil, OC ONS award winning country and folk singer who promotes her maritime culture.
July 15, 1944 - Born Leilani Marietta Muir (1944 -   ) a social activist for those who cannot stand up for themselves.
August 14, 1944 - Born Raynell Andrechuk., judge , ambassador and member of Senate of Canada.
August 24, 1944 - Born Lillian Eva Dyck (1944-   ) One of the first aboriginal women to become an academic research scientist. 
October 4, 1944 - Born Madeline Hombert (1944-   ) independent film producer and community volunteer.
October 12, 1944 - Born Joan Fraser award winning journalist and editor.
October 14, 1944 - Born Nancy Riche (1944-2011) Awarded the 1992 Persons Case  and known as a woman of courage.
November 23, 1944 - Born Katherine Louise Wall ( 1944-   )  community volunteer and inductee of the Order of P.E. I.

Deaths 1944:
May 6, 1944 - Died Anna Yonker(1890-1944) social activist and leading philanthropist
September 27, 1944 - Died Aimee Semple McPherson (1890-1944) founder of the Four Square Gospel Church.
September 28, 1944 - Died Louise Bowman (1882-1944) poet.
October 26, 1944 - Died
Elizabeth Fulton Parker (1856-1944) social activist

1945 May 5, 1945 - World War ll European hostilities cease.

June 20, 1945 - The first family allowance payments , the baby bonus, payments are sent out.

June 26, 1945 - Canada joins the United Nations. The Charter of the United Nations, was the first international agreement to proclaim gender equality as a fundamental human right. Since then, the Organization has helped create a historic legacy of internationally agreed strategies, standards, programmes and goals to advance the status of women worldwide.

1945 - By the end of the war some 45,423 women have enlisted in the armed forces providing support functions for the war effort. Source: The Timechart history of Canada by Meredith Macardle (2004)

1945 - Jean Spears (1921-   ) founds the England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland and Canada Club for War Brides. In 2006 she is awarded the Order of the British Empire for her efforts on behalf of War Brides.
Sources:  Canadian War Brides; www.canadianwoarbrides.com : Women in Ottawa: Mentors and milestones ; www.womeninottawa.blogspot.com accessed July 2011.

1945 -
The Toronto Board of Police Commissioners order the salary range of policewomen be the same as that in effect for policemen and that the women be equipped with proper blue uniforms.
Source: Herstory: Milestones in the History of the Toronto Police Service Women Online Accessed June 2011.

1945 - Dr Lotta Hitschmanova
(1909-1990) founds the Unitarian Service Committee, Canada's first overseas relief and development agency. Source: USC Canada proposal to the Royal Canadian Mint (Ottawa, 2005)

1945 - Gwethalyn Graham (1913-    )  publishes her novel, Earth and High Heaven, which is the first Canadian novel to top the American bestseller list.

Births 1945:
1945 -
Born Gunhild "Gunnie" Hotte (1945 -    ) artist.
1945 -
Born Rita Deverell (1945-   ) Hall of Fame Broadcaster
1945 -
Born Carole Taylor (1945-  ) Hall of fame broadcaster.
1945 -
Born Judy Rebick, journalist and social activist.
January 15, 1945 - Born Bonnie Burnard (1945-   ) award winning author.
February 2, 1945 - Born Pauline Vaillancourt Arvida [Jonquière] Quebec . A soprano who founded Chants Libres.
February 7, 1945 - Born Colette Whiten (1945-   ) sculptor
March 27, 1945 - Born Anna Mae Aquash (1945-1976) Social activist on behalf of Aboriginal North Americans.
June 8 , 1945- Born Bronwyn Deborah Anne Drainie (1845-   ) broadcast journalist.
June 12, 1945 - Born Marjorie Mills (1945-2013)a piano player who recorded with Quality Records of Canada, Gemstone Records, and Master Recordings.
June 20, 1945 - Born Anne Murray, award winning popular singer.
June 22, 1945- Born Marti Maraden (1945-   ) stage actress and director.
July 6, 1945 - Born Rosemary Forsyth, actress.
October 20, 1945 - Born Jo-Ellen Bogart (1945 - ) author.
December 4, 1945- Born Roberta Lynn Bondar, Canada's first woman in space.
December 8, 1945 - Born Mary Steuart-Mllwaine medal winning and world record holding swimmer.

Deaths 1945:
1945 - Died
Constance Easton Hamilton (1862-1945) first woman in Canada elected to serve in a large metropolitan area.
1945 - Died
Stella Irene Boyd (1891-1945) Entertainer, contralto and vocal teacher in Manitoba.
January 17, 1945 - Died
Lorrie Alfreda Dunnington-Grubb (1877-1945) pioneer in the profession of landscape architecture.
March 20, 1945 - Died
Mattie Cartmell (1845-1945) educator and missionary to Japan.
April 1, 1945 - Died Mabel Annesley Johnston (1870-1945) author
November 11945  - Died Marie Gerin-Lajoie (1867-1945) champion of women's rights in Quebec.
1946 1946 - The women's sections of all three Canadian armed service branches are disbanded. Source: Women in the Military. The Canadian Encyclopedia Online http://thecanadianencyclopedia.com
 

February 9, 1946 -
The 1st official group of Canadian War Brides, women who had married Canadian Servicemen overseas during World War ll arrives. The Mauretania ll lads at Pier 21 in Halifax, Nova Scotia with 900 servicemen's dependants on board. Source: CanadianWarbrides.com Accessed June 2011.

1946 -
Laure Eva Rièse (1910-1996) becomes the 1st woman faculty member to earn her PhD.
Sources: Laure Eva Rièce Collection. E.J. Pratt Library, University of Victoria Campus, University of Toronto. Online. Accessed July 2013.

November 8, 1946 -
Viola Desmond (1914 - ) was arrested in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia when she sat in the downstairs seating instead of the balcony where Blacks were forced to sit in the segregated Roseland Theatre. This event tool place several years before Rosa Parks took her seat on the front of a  bus in the United States! More information: Historica: Black history http://blackhistorycanada.ca/timeline.php?id=1900 (Accessed March 2007)

1946 - The Ontario Teachers Federation approves the principle of equal pay for men and women teachers. Source: Canadian Chronology Http://tdi.uregina.ca/~maguirec/chron.html (accessed April 28, 2003)

1946 - Winnie Roach-Leuszler (1926-2004) internationally acclaimed swimmer is the 1st woman to be hired by the YMCA to set up Programmes  swimming instruction and coaching.

1946 - Winnie Raoch-Leuszler (1926-2004) wins the 5 mile World Swimming Championship in Toronto when she is 3 months pregnant

1946 - Freda Farrell Waldon
(1898-1973)  is the 1st president of the Canadian Library Association in 1946.  

1946 - Gretta Wong Grant
(1921 -   ) is the 1st Chinese Canadian woman to practice law in Canada.

1946 -
Earle Tupperware invents Tupperware. The parties come later.
Source : Canuck Chicks and Maple Leaf Mamas : women of the Great White North by Ann Douglas Toronto, McArthur and Co., 2002. p. 16

Births 1946:
1946 -
Born Janis Rapoport (1946-    ) Author and playwright.
1946 -
Born Martha Cole (1946 -  ) sculptor.
1946 -
Born Ann Meekitjuk Hanson (1946-   ) film maker.
February 6, 1946 - Born Kate McGarrigle. Singer and recipient of the order of Canada.
February 17, 1946 - Born Denise Marie Baillargeon (11946-2013) funder of Rescuing Our African Daughters.
February 28, 1946 - Born Med Luxton , author and feminist, co-founder of the of the Women's Studies Programme at the University of Toronto.
March 1946 - Died
Alice Maud Dunning Grant (1865-1946) is the 1st woman to receive a masters degrees fro Acadia University.
March 25, 1946 - Born Madeleine Dion Stoat (1946 -   ) in 2008 she was listed as one of the top 100 nurses in Canada.
March 26, 1946 - Born Phyllis Marion Boyd, the first woman and first non lawyer to become Attorney-General in the Province of Ontario
April 9, 1946 - Born Bobbie Steen (1946-1995) sport administrator.
April 26, 1946 - Born Janis G. Johnson, appointed to the Canadian Senate 1990.
April 28, 1946  - Born Ginette Reno ( 1946-   ) chanteuse who holds the hearts of her fans across the country
May 3, 1946 -  Born Karen G. Adams (1946-   ) Librarian administrator.
June 22, 1946 - Born Linda Bond (1946 -   ) she became General of the Salvation Army January 31, 2011.
July 1, 1946 - Born Rosalie Abella, Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada.
August 18, 1946 - Born Joan M. Boggs, Senior Scientist Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto.
September 23, 1946 -
Born Anne Wheeler, actress, filmmaker, producer, director and writer.
September 29, 1946 -
Born Laurie Dennett, author and humanitarian.
October 17, 1946 -
Born Sylvia Gunnery (1946-  ) award winning author of books for youth.
November 3, 1946 -
Born Rosalinda "Linda" Linsangan Natividad-Cantiveros (1946-2008) community activist.
November 14, 1946 - Born Rosemarie Riddell (1946-2013) a nurse ahead of her time supporting HIV/Aids patients.

Deaths 1946:
1946 -
Died
Louise Alexander (1880-1946) artist
1946 -
Died Dorothy Campbell Hurd Howe (1883-1946) one of the most successful lady golfers of the 20th century.
February 10, 1946 - Died
Sophia Margaretta Hensley (1866-1946) author, lecturer and social activist who wrote under male pen names.
May 31,1946 - Died
Nora M. Duncan (1883-1946) a western Canadian poet and radio host.
N
ovember 17, 1946 - Died Henriette Saint-Jacques (1860-1946) Journalist and author of several books.

1947 January 1, 1947 -  The Canada Citizenship act comes into effect creating for the first time "Canadian citizens" instead of British subjects. Prime Minister Mackenzie King is given the first citizenship certificate.

1947 - Leila Wightman
(1899-1976) the first Canadian woman to own and run a telephone company, Wightman Communications in Clifford, Ontario  Sources: Telecommunications Hall of Fame http://telecomehall.ca (Accessed October 2011)

October 22, 1947 -   the Montreal Women's Symphony, an ensemble of 80 women under conductor Ethel Stark (1916?-   )   performed at the renowned Carnegie Hall in New York-the first Canadian symphony orchestra to achieve this.

November 20, 1947 -
Canadian Photo journalist Pat Holden Collins
(1924-2011) was one of six photographers allowed to be official photographers for the wedding of then Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip , Duke of Edinborough at Westminster Abby, London England. Sources: Groundbreaking wartime photographer was first woman to shoot Eisenhower by Michael Posner. The Globe and Mail December 9, 2011. ; Chrystia Chudczak, Documentary photographer . Online (Accessed January 2012)  

1947 -
Food rationing begun in 1942 as part of the home front war effort is ended.

1947 -
General electric invents the automatic electric clothes washer.
Source : Canuck Chicks and Maple Leaf Mamas : women of the Great White North by Ann Douglas Toronto, McArthur and Co., 2002. pg 17

1947 - Former British colonies form the British Commonwealth of Nations with Great Britain.

Births 1947:

1947 - Born Angela Enright (1947-   ) 1st woman to head the Canadian Anesthesiologists Society in 1994.
1947 - Born Laura Sky (1947-   ) award winning filmmaker

1947 - Born Maude Victoria Barlow, social activist and "voice of dissent".
1947 - Born Ann Blades, illustrator and author of books for children.
1947 - Born Dr. Joyce Nsubuga (1947-2006) social activist for the health and rights of black women in Canada and her native Uganda.
January 8, 1947 - Born Eleanor Reed Townsend (1944-1988) champion fiddler
January 15, 1947 - Born Victoria Tennant Born London, England, Prima ballerina of the National Ballet of Canada.
January 15, 1947 - Born Andrea Martin. Born Portland, Maine, USA . Emmy award winning actress.
February 3, 1947 - Born Marlene Philip, Born Moriah, Tobago. Poet and author of novels for young adult readers.
February 7, 1947 - Born Frances Elaine Aboud, educator and author.
February 10, 1947- Born Louise Arbour, Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada.
February 11, 1947- Born Abigail Hoffman a former Olympian athlete and champion of athlete's rights.
March 10, 1947- Born Kim Campbell, politician and first woman to become Prime Minister of Canada.
March 13, 1947 - Born Judith Rose Marcuse, prima ballerina.
May 28, 1947- Born Lynn Johnson, award winning cartoonist and comic strip artist.
June 11, 1947 - Born Marsha I. Sheppard (1947-    ) scientific researcher.
June 27, 1947 - Born Vicki Lynn Bardon, business woman, founder of Shuttles and Seawind.
June 19, 1947 - Born Helen Chan, physician at the Hospital for Sick Children and professor at the University of Toronto.
July 13, 1947-
Born Rosella Marie Bjornson (1947-   ) career pioneer in aviation.
August 9,1947 -
Born Henriette Schellenberg (1947 -   ) soprano
August 21, 1947 - Born Mary J. May Simon ( 1947-  ) ambassador for Canada

August 24, 1947 -
Born Linda Hutcheon, Author, editor and art critic.
August 29, 1947 -
Born Viola Wyse (1947-2009) Chief of the Snuneymuxu
September 27, 1947 -
Born Lorna B. Williams (1947-   ) an academic and outstanding teacher who furthers education for her peoples.
October 7, 1947 -
Born Judy Sams, award winning golfer.
November 21, 1947 -
Born Marjorie Evalena Bailey (1947-  ) Canadian track and field star.

Deaths 1947:
1947-
Died
Helen Armstrong (1875- 1947) feminist, only woman leader in Winnipeg general strike
1947 -
Died Louise Duffield Cummings - (1870-1947) renowned mathematician. 
January 11, 1947 - Died Tanguay (1879-1947) vaudevillian and movie star who in 1912 was the highest paid woman actor in the US.
February 15, 1947 - Died
Margaret Marshall Saunders (1861-1947) author of the first Canadian book to sell a million copies.
March 19, 1947 - Died
Prudence Heward (1896-1947) acclaimed figure painter.
April 22, 1947 - Died Georgina Binnie-Clark (1871-1947) journalist and farmer.
May 21, 1947 - Died
Belle Choné - Oliver (1875-1947) an indomitable lady medical missionary
July 9, 1947 - Died Helen Elizabeth Reynolds Ryan (1860-1947) first woman doctor in Northern Ontario.
July 14, 1947 - Died
Margaret Jane "Nellie Bryant (1864/5?-1947) an early woman photographer , possible the first to use dry places in a camera. Sources: “Mrs. H. H. Bryant dies, aged 82”, Winnipeg Free Press, 16 July 1947, page 7.

1948 January 1948 - Mary Pickford (1892-1979) holds the premier of her movie Sleep my love in Ottawa Canada. She dines with prime Minister W. L. M. King the evening of the premier. Source: 100 Canadian women : famous and forgotten faces by Merna Forster Toronto, Dundurn Press, 2004 pg 207.

February 6, 1948 -
  Barbara Ann Scott (1928-   ) wins Canada's 1st gold medal in ladies' figure skating
at the Winter Olympics in St Moritz, Switzerland.

1948 - Vitamin B!@ is discovered.

1948 - Barbara Ann Scott
(1928-   ) is the 1st Canadian woman to win the World Figure Skating championships.

1948 - Ruth Bailey and Gwennyth Barton were the 1st  black women to graduate from a Canadian school of nursing.  Source: Black History Month http://cyberus.ca/~acdas/bhm1a.html  (accessed May 2005)

1948 - Mary Peck (1904-1992) begins her campaign to make people aware of Arthritis. This is the roots of the foundation of the Canadian Arthritis Society.
Source: The history of Metropolitan Vancouver Hall of Fame online (Accessed November 2012) :Pioneers every one by E. Blanche Norcross (Burns and MacEachern Ltd, 1979)

Births 1948 :
1948 -
Born Susan Harrison (1948-2013) author.
1948 -
Born Maryka Omatsu (1948 -   ) the 1st East Asian Canadian Judge when appointed to the Ontario Court of Justice.
1948 - Born Jeanette Armstrong, author
1948 -
Born Marie-Jeanne Bartleman (1948-  ) political wife of James Bartleman, Lieutenant Governor of Ontario
1948 -
Born Francoise David (1948 - ) Social activist
1948 - Born Diane Dupuy, (1948-   ) founder of the Famous People Players, a black light theatre group of young developmentally youth.
1948 - Born Charlotte Gray (1948-   ) award winning author of popular history works.
February 29, 1948 -
Born Yolande Racine, art history researcher, archivist, curator and educator.
March 4, 1948 -  
Born Joanna Ruth Nichols (1948-   ) author of books for children
April 6, 1948 - Born Margaret Gibson, award winning author.
April 26, 1948 -
Born Erika Ritter (1948-   ) playwright, writer and broadcaster with the CBC.
May 24, 1948 -
Born Lorna Crozier, award winning poet.
June 4,, 1948 -
Born Frieda Wishensky  author of books for young readers.
July 31, 1948 -
Born Maureen Kempston Durkes (1948-   ) President and General Manager of General Motors Canada
August 19, 1948 -
Born Susan Jacks, member of the musical duo "The Poppy Family" and telecommunications executive.
September 10, 1948 -
Born Margaret Joan Trudeau (1948-   ) wife of Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau.
November 26, 1948 -
Marion Lay (1948-   ) swimming champion and coach
December 25, 1948
Born Jane Marie Youngberg (1948-   ) Champion Badminton Player


Deaths 1948:
1948 -
Died Geraldine Oakley (////-1948) an indomitable lady doctor of Calgary, Alberta
February 1, 1948 - Died Octavia Grace England, first woman valedictorian at McGill University.
April 14, 1948 - Died Mary Ann Doak (1855-194* Pioneer of the Canadian Northwest.
July 29. 1948 - Died Alice Stuart Massey, author and wife of Governor General Vincent Massey
November 29, 1948 - Died
Margaret Madge Rose Robertson Watt (1888-1948) instrumental at establishing the Women's Institutes in England.
December 2, 1948- Died Rose-Anna Vachon (1870 (?)- 1948) baker and business woman
1949 1949 - Newfoundland joins Confederation.

December 12, 1949 - Nancy Hodges is named Speaker of the British Columbia Provincial Legislature, the 1st woman to hold the post of Speaker in the British Commonwealth.
 Source: British Columbia Federation of Labour.  http://bcfed.com/issues/women/history

1949 -
The federal government makes changes to Canada's Food Rules (originally introducec in 1942) to reflece living styles of post war Canadians. The Public is exercising less and eating more, and changes to the rules are necessary. They are the first of many changes to be made reflecting lifestyle changes in North America.

1949 -
The government requires iodine be added to table salt. It is a known prevention of Goiter.

1949-
Carmen Elizabeth Clarke (1911-1960)  became the first woman to write a son that sold over 1, 000,000 copies!

1949 -
Pillsbury's Grand National Recipe and Baking contest is introduced and is the forerunner of the Pilsbury's biuennial Bake-Off Cooking and Baking Contest.

Births 1949:
1949 -
Born Jane Purves (1949-2013) journalist and politician.
1949 - Born Zahra Kazeml (1949-2003) murdered photographer and documentalist.
1949 -
Born Jeanne Lamon (1949-   ) violinist and award winning Director of Tafelmusik.
1949 -
Born
Terry Litovitz (1949-2005) an accounting teacher who was concerned for her students.
March 4, 1949 -
Born Carroll Baker, award winning country music singer
May 17, 1949 -
Born Myra Freeman (1949-   ) first woman to be appointed Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia.
July 11, 1949 -
Born Liona Boyd, ( 1949 -   ) classical guitarist.
July 30, 1949 -
Born Alexina Louie, musician and composer
August 6, 1949 -
Born Mary diMichele, poet and writer.
August 20, 1949 -
Born Mobina Jaffer (1949 -   ) appointed to the Senate in 2001, she is the 1st Muslim Senator in Canada.
October 16, 1949 -
Born Jane Elizabeth Vasey (1949-1982) blues musician.
November 14, 1949 - Born Carol Matas (  1949-   ) author

Deaths 1949:
1949 -
Born Ann Klager Higgs (1949 -   ) champion in waterskiing
1949 - Died Sophie Strub (   -1949) founder of a family pickle business.
January 14, 1949-
Died Elizabeth Smith-Shortt (1859-1949)  pioneer  women doctor.
March 21949 - Died Alice Amelia Chown (1866-1949) suffragist and author.
April 21, 1949 - Died Agnes Dennis (1859-1949) social activist.
April 22, 1949 - Died
Emilie Tremblay (1872-1949) pioneer of the Yukon and first white woman to climb the Chilkoot trail in 1894.
May 18, 1949- Died Margaret Alexandra Shea (1863-1949) first woman to be a professional nurse in Newfoundland.

November 22, 1949  - Died Bertha Carr-Harris (1863-1949) author.
   

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