1940 AD to 1949 AD
||January 1940 - first marriage
between a British woman and a Canadian serviceman was celebrated at
Farnborough Church in the Aldershot area of England. Some 48,000 such
marriages followed over the next six years. These marriages
formed part of a most unique immigration movement in
Canada. This generation of women, many with infants, mostly
British, these war brides are an important part of Canadian
history that has gone relatively unnoticed by historians and
journalists. As the women approach their senior years, they are just
beginning to tell their stories. Source : Canadian War
Brides http://canadianwarbrides.com (accessed May 20, 2005)
April 25, 1940 - Québec
women win the rights to vote and run for office in provincial
Legislation is changed to allow women to enlist in the
July 2, 1941- The Canadian Women's Army Corps is formed Source: The Canadian Encyclopedia. Women in the Military. Http: www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com
July 31, 1941 - The Royal Canadian Navy, Women's Division are formed. Source: The Canadian Encyclopedia. Women in the Military. Http: www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com
1941 - Jessie Gray ( -1978) is the first Canadian woman to become a "fellow" in the Royal College of Surgeons and the first woman member of the Central Surgical Society of North America.
1941 - Mary Margaret "Margery" Booker (1901-1955) becomes the first Canadian woman to be appointed as a School Inspector when appointed in Virden District, Manitoba. Source: Memorable Manitobans Profile by Gordon Goldsborough. Online (Accessed December 2011)
The Women's Royal Canadian Navel Service (WRENS)
is established. ource: The Canadian
Encyclopedia. Women in the Military. Http:
1942 - 45,423 women entered wartime forces in Canada. Source Female roles in World War ll Http://femalerolesinwwll.com (Accessed May 13, 2009)
1942 - On the home front food rationing begins.
October 2, 1942 - Marion Orr (1918-1995) is the first Canadian woman to operate a flying club when she is hired as Manager and Chief Flying Instructor by the St Catherines Flying club. Source: Marion Orr. http://www.canadian99s.org (accessed August 16, 2005)
1942 - Emily Carr (1871-1945) at 71 wins the Governor General's Award in literature for her first book, Klee Wyck.
1942 - Canada's first nutrition guidelines are introduced. They are called CANADA'S OFFICIAL FOOD RULES. In 19944 the name was changed to Canada's Food Rules. They came about with wartime food rations and an economic recession , coupled with a physically active Canadian Lifestyle led to a country of people with relatively poor eating habits.
|1943||January 3, 1943- Kateri Tekakwitha (1656-1680) is
declared venerable ( a stage to being declared a Saint in the Roman
Catholic Church) by Pope Pius Xll. She is the first Native American
woman and the first North-American lay-woman
considered for sainthood by the Roman Catholic Church.
1943 - Monique Leyrac (1928- ) using her natural gifts of music and drama starts her acting career on radio. She is the first great international star from French Canada.
1943- Born Janice Gross Stein (1943- ) educator inducted into the order of Canada 2006.
1943 - Born Anne Lindsay ( 1943- ) Renowned home economist and health eating advocate
1943 - Born Sally Armstrong, acclaimed award winning journalist, author and documentary film maker.
January 19, 1943 - Born Allison Ruth Gordon, journalist and author.
May 11, 1943 - Born Nancy Green, international champion skier who has been awarded the Order of Canada.
June 18, 1943 - Jill Bodkin, business woman and financial leader.
October 1, 1943 - Born Angèle Arsenault Acadian fold music writer and performer.
November 3, 1943 - Born Paule Gauthier (1943- ) Lawyer and public servant, Officer of the Order of Canada.
November 25, 1943 - Born Evelyn Merle Nelson (1943-1987) renowned mathematician.
February 22, 1943 - Died Virna Sheard (1865-1943) poet and short storey writer.
March 11 , 1943- Died Emily Poynton Weaver (1865-1943) Historian and author.
June 11, 1943 - Died Annie Crisp Bond (1854-1943) nurse and philanthropist
June 22, 1943 - Died Mary Ellen Birties (1858-1943) one of the first three graduates of the nurse training program at the Winnipeg General Hospital, established in 1887, Member of the Order of the British Empire.
September 24, 1943 - Died Hattie Walker (1865-1943) social activist.
September 25 - Died Augusta Stowe-Gullen Mount Pleasant, Canada West (1957- 1943) the first woman to graduate in medicine from a Canadian university.
October 21, 1943 - Died Anne- Marie Gleason (1875-1943) Pioneer journalist known mainly as "Madeleine"
November - Died Minna Keen (1861-1943) pioneer photographer.
6, 1944 - Allied units, including those from Canada land in Normandy
beaches on D-Day.
August 1944 - The federal Family Allowance Act is passed.
September 1944- a teacher shortage in the Canadian prairies means that more than 500 small schools cannot open. Source: The Timechart of Canadian history by Meredith Macardle (2004)
1944 - Tommy Douglas leads the CCF Party to victory in Saskatchewan provincial elections, they form the first socialist government in North America.
1944 - Portia White (1911-1968) is the first black Canadian woman to appear in the New York Town Hall, where she was touted as the “Canadian Marion Anderson”.
1944 - Rhona Wurtele-Gillis and Rhonda Wurtele-Eaves (1922- ) champion swimmers, were Female Athletes of the year. Source: Who's Who in Canadian Sport, Bob Ferguson Scarborough, Prentice Hall, 1977 pg. 292.
1944 - Prenatal courses are introduced. The Victorian Order of Nurses, the Visiting Homemakers and public health departments across Canada start to offer pregnancy and childbirth preparation classes to mothers-to-be. Source : Canuck Chicks and Maple Leaf Mamas : women of the Great White North by Ann Douglas Toronto, McArthur and Co., 2002.
1944 - The name of Canada's Official Food Rules ( appearing in 1942) are changed to Canada's Food Rules by the Government of Canada.
1944 - Born Ginette Anfousse (1944- ) illustrator and author of the children's series Mon Ami Pichou.
January 25 1944 - Born Jolan Ezebet Szathmary. (1844- ) Award winning academic.
February 1944 - Born Eva Matsuzaki renowned architect known for her "Green buildings".
February 11, 1944 - Born Annette av Paul , prima ballerina.
February 17, 1944- Born Marjorie Griffin Cohen, Professor and economist.
February 21,1944 - Born Louise Beaulac-Baillargeon educator, Pharmacologist and scientist.
April 28, 1944 - Born Elizabeth Ann Pacey (1944- ) an historian who was responsible for several historic sites being preserved in Nova Scotia.
May 14, 1944 - Born Catherine McKinnon, singer.
May 20,1944 - Born Eleanor Caplan (1944- ) politician
May 22, 1944 - Connie Eaves (1944- ) an academic research scientist.
May 28, 1944 - Born Rita McNeil, OC ONS award winning country and folk singer who promotes her maritime culture.
July 15, 1944 - Born Leilani Marietta Muir (1944 - ) a social activist for those who cannot stand up for themselves.
August 14, 1944 - Born Raynell Andrechuk., judge , ambassador and member of Senate of Canada.
August 24, 1944 - Born Lillian Eva Dyck (1944- ) One of the first aboriginal women to become an academic research scientist.
October 4, 1944- Born Madeline Hombert (1944- ) independent film producer and community volunteer.
October 12, 1944 - Born Joan Fraser award winning journalist and editor.
October 14, 1944 - Born Nancy Riche (1944-2011) Awarded the 1992 Persons Case and known as a woman of courage.
November 23, 1944 - Born Katherine Louise Wall ( 1944- ) community volunteer and inductee of the Order of P.E. I.
May 6, 1944 - Died Anna Yonker(1890-1944) social activist and leading philanthropist
September 27, 1944 - Died Aimee Semple McPherson (1890-1944) founder of the Four Square Gospel Church.
September 28, 1944 - Died Louise Bowman (1882-1944) poet.
5, 1945 - World War ll European hostilities cease.
June 20, 1945 - The first family allowance payments , the baby bonus, payments are sent out.
June 26, 1945 - Canada joins the United Nations. The Charter of the United Nations, was the first international agreement to proclaim gender equality as a fundamental human right. Since then, the Organization has helped create a historic legacy of internationally agreed strategies, standards, programmes and goals to advance the status of women worldwide.
1945 - By the end of the war some 45,423 women have enlisted in the armed forces providing support functions for the war effort. Source: The Timechart history of Canada by Meredith Macardle (2004)
1945 - Jean Spears (1921- ) founds the England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland and Canada Club for War Brides. In 2006 she is awarded the Order of the British Empire for her efforts on behalf of War Brides. Sources: Canadian War Brides; www.canadianwoarbrides.com : Women in Ottawa: Mentors and milestones ; www.womeninottawa.blogspot.com accessed July 2011.
1945 - The Toronto Board of Police Commissioners order the salary range of policewomen be the same as that in effect for policemen and that the women be equipped with proper blue uniforms. Source: Herstory: Milestones in the History of the Toronto Police Service Women Online Accessed June 2011.
1945 - Dr Lotta Hitschmanova (1909-1990) founds the Unitarian Service Committee, Canada's first overseas relief and development agency. Source: USC Canada proposal to the Royal Canadian Mint (Ottawa, 2005)
1945 - Gwethalyn Graham (1913- ) publishes her novel, Earth and High Heaven, which is the first Canadian novel to top the American bestseller list.
Born Rita Deverell (1945- ) Hall of Fame Broadcaster
Born Carole Taylor (1945- ) Hall of fame broadcaster.
Born Judy Rebick, journalist and social activist.
January 15, 1945 - Born Bonnie Burnard (1945- ) award winning author.
February 2, 1945 - Born Pauline Vaillancourt Arvida [Jonquière] Quebec . A soprano who founded Chants Libres.
February 7, 1945 - Born Colette Whiten (1945- ) sculptor
March 27, 1945 - Born Anna Mae Aquash (1945-1976) Social activist on behalf of Aboriginal North Americans.
June 8 , 1945- Born Bronwyn Deborah Anne Drainie (1845- ) broadcast journalist.
June 20, 1945 - Born Anne Murray, award winning popular singer.
June 22, 1945- Born Marti Maraden (1945- ) stage actress and director.
July 6, 1945 - Born Rosemary Forsyth, actress.
October 20, 1945 - Born Jo-Ellen Bogart (1945 - ) author.
December 4, 1945- Born Roberta Lynn Bondar, Canada's first woman in space.
December 8, 1945 - Born Mary Steuart-Mllwaine medal winning and world record holding swimmer.
1945 - Died Constance Easton Hamilton (1862-1945) first woman in Canada elected to serve in a large metropolitan area.
1945 - Died Stella Irene Boyd (1891-1945) Entertainer, contalto and vocal teacher in Manitoba.
January 17, 1945 - Died Lorrie Alfreda Dunnington-Grubb (1877-1945) pioneer in the profession of landscape architecture.
April 1, 1945 - Died Mabel Annesley Johnston (1870-1945) author
November 11945 - Died Marie Gerin-Lajoie (1867-1945) champion of women's rights in Quebec.
|1946||1946 - The women's sections of all three Canadian armed
service branches are disbanded.
Source: Women in the Military. The Canadian
Encyclopedia Online http://thecanadianencyclopedia.com
February 9, 1946 - The 1st official group of Canadian War Brides, women who had married Canadian Servicemen overseas during World War ll arrives. The Mauretania ll lads at Pier 21 in Halifax, Nova Scotia with 900 servicemen's dependants on board. Source: CanadianWarbrides.com Accessed June 2011.
November 8, 1946 - Viola Desmond (1914 - ) was arrested in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia when she sat in the downstairs seating instead of the balcony where Blacks were forced to sit in the segregated Roseland Theatre. This event tool place several years before Rosa Parks took her seat on the front of a bus in the United States! More information: Historica: Black history http://blackhistorycanada.ca/timeline.php?id=1900 (Accessed March 2007)
1946 - The Ontario Teachers Federation approves the principle of equal pay for men and women teachers. Source: Canadian Chronology Http://tdi.uregina.ca/~maguirec/chron.html (accessed April 28, 2003)
1946 - Winnie Roach-Leuszler (1926-2004) internationally acclaimed swimmer is the first woman to be hired by the YMCA to set up programmes swimming instruction and coaching.
1946 - Winnie Raoch-Leuszler
wins the 5 mile World Swimming Championship in
Toronto when she is 3 months pregnant
|1947||January 1, 1947 - The Canada Citizenship act comes into
effect creating for the first time "Canadian citizens" instead
of British subjects. Prime Minister Mackenzie King is given the
first citizenship certificate.
1947 - Leila Wightman (1899-1976) the first Canadian woman to own and run a telephone company, Wightman Communications in Clifford, Ontario Sources: Telecommunications Hall of Fame http://telecomehall.ca (Accessed October 2011)
October 22, 1947 -
the Montreal Women's Symphony, an ensemble of 80 women
under conductor Ethel Stark (1916?-
) performed at the
renowned Carnegie Hall in New York-the first Canadian symphony
orchestra to achieve this.
|1948||January 1948 -
Mary Pickford (1892-1979)
holds the premier of her movie Sleep my love in Ottawa Canada.
She dines with prime Minister W. L. M. King the evening of the
premier. Source: 100 Canadian women : famous and
forgotten faces by Merna Forster Toronto, Dundurn Press, 2004 pg 207.
February 6, 1948 - Barbara Ann Scott (1928- ) wins Canada's first gold medal in ladies' figure skating at the Winter Olympics in St Moritz, Switzerland.
1948 - Vitamin B!@ is discovered.
1948 - Barbara Ann Scott (1928- ) is the first Canadian woman to win the World Figure Skating championships.
1948 - Ruth Bailey and Gwennyth Barton were the first black women to graduate from a Canadian school of nursing. Source: Black History Month http://cyberus.ca/~acdas/bhm1a.html (accessed May 2005)
1948 - Mary Peck (1904-1992) begins her campaign to make people aware of Arthritis. This is the roots of the foundation of the Canadian Arthritis Society. Source: The history of Metropolitan Vancouver Hall of Fame online (Accessed November 2012) :Pioneers every one by E. Blanche Norcross (Burns and MacEachern Ltd, 1979)
Births 1948 :
1948 - Born Jeanette Armstrong, author
1948 - Born Marie-Jeanne Bartleman (1948- ) political wife of James Bartleman, Lieutenant Governor of Ontario
1948 - Born Francoise David (1948 - ) Social activist
1948 - Born Diane Dupuy, (1948- ) founder of the Famous People Players, a black light theatre group of young developmentally youth.
1948 - Born Charlotte Gray (1948- ) award winning author of popular history works.
February 29, 1948 - Born Yolande Racine, art history researcher, archivist, curator and educator.
March 4, 1948 - Born Joanna Ruth Nichols (1948- ) author of books for children
April 6, 1948 - Born Margaret Gibson, award winning author.
April 26, 1948 - Born Erika Ritter (1948- ) playwright, writer and broadcaster with the CBC.
May 24, 1948 - Born Lorna Crozier, award winning poet.
June 4,, 1948 - Born Frieda Wishensky author of books for young readers.
August 19, 1948 - Born Susan Jacks, member of the musical duo "The Poppy Family" and telecommunications executive.
December 25, 1948 Born Jane Marie Youngberg (1948- ) Champion Badminton Player
February 1, 1948 - Died Octavia Grace England, first woman valedictorian at McGill University.
July 29. 1948 - Died Alice Stuart Massey, author and wife of Governor General Vincent Massey
December 2, 1948- Died Rose-Anna Vachon (1870 (?)- 1948) baker and business woman
|1949||1949 - Newfoundland joins Confederation.
December 12, 1949 - Nancy Hodges is named Speaker of the British Columbia Provincial Legislature, the first woman to hold the post of Speaker in the British Commonwealth. Source: British Columbia Federation of Labour. http://bcfed.com/issues/women/history
1949 - The federal government makes changes to Canada's Food Rules (originally introducec in 1942) to reflece living styles of post war Canadians. The Public is exercising less and eating more, and changes to the rules are necessary. They are the first of many cahnges to be made reflecting lifestyle changes in North America.
1949 - The government requires iodine be added to table salt. It is a known prevention of Goiter.
1949 - Pillsbury's Grand National Recipe and Baking contest is introduced and is the forerunner of tf Pilsbury's biuennial Bake-Off Cooking and Baking Contest.
1949 - Born Zahra Kazeml (1949-2003) murdered photographer and documentalist.
1949 - Born Jeanne Lamon (1949- ) violinist and award winning Director of Tafelmusik.
1949 - Born Terry Litovitz (1949-2005) an accounting teacher who was concerned for her students.
March 4, 1949 - Born Carroll Baker, award winning country music singer
May 17, 1949 - Born Myra Freeman (1949- ) first woman to be appointed Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia.
July 11, 1949 - Born Liona Boyd, classical guitarist.
July 30, 1949 - Born Alexina Louie, musician and composer
August 6, 1949 - Born Mary diMichele, poet and writer.
November 14, 1949 - Born Carol Matas ( 1949- ) author
1949 - Died Sophie Strub ( -1949) founder of a family pickle business.
January 14, 1949- Died Elizabeth Smith-Shortt (1859-1949) pioneer women doctor.
March 21949 - Died Alice Amelia Chown (1866-1949) suffragist and author.
April 21, 1949 - Died Agnes Dennis (1859-1949) social activist.
April 22, 1949 - Died Emilie Tremblay (1872-1949) pioneer of the Yukon and first white woman to climb the Chilkoot trail in 1894.
May 18, 1949- Died Margaret Alexandra Shea (1863-1949) first woman to be a professional nurse in Newfoundland.
November 22, 1949 - Died Bertha Carr-Harris (1863-1949) author.