1800 AD to 1850 AD
1800 - Born Elizabeth Jane "Eliza" Barnes, (1800?-1893) Granny Barnes a well known clairvoyant.
April 22, 1800 - Born Henrietta Feller (1800-1868) founder of the protestant mission at Grande-Ligne, Quebec.
January 9, 1802 - Born Catherine Parr Traill (1802-1899) Pioneer and author in the province of Canada.
|1803||1803 - Mary Fubbester,
disguised as a man, works as a clerk for the Hudson Bay
Company in Rupert's Land. She was forced to quit in 1807 when
she gave birth to a child in 1807. Source : Cool
Chronology at www.coolwomen.org
(accessed July 2005)
September 25, 1803 - Born Mary Scovil, teacher, farmers wife and mother.
1804- Born "Ruthie" Lucie Blackburn (1804-1895) escaped slave and person oof national historic significance.
August 17, 1804 - Died Barbara Heck (1734-1804) founder of early Methodist followings in New York City and Upper Canada (Ontario)
||1806 - Marie-Anne Lagemodiére (1780-1875.) traveling with her fur trading husband,
is one of the first white
women to visit such outposts as Red River and Fort Edmonton.
1806 - The Ursuline Sisters convent is destroyed by fire. Mother Marie Anne de Sain Olivier remains on site for two years to gain support to reconstruct the convent.
June 25, 1806 - Born Mary Love (1806-1866) first Canadian born artist to have works lithographed ( drawn to stone for printing and reproduction.
is abolished in British colonies
1807 - Marie-Anne Lagemodiére (1780-1875) gives birth to a daughter, Reine, the first legitimate white child born in the Canadian west.
July 3, 1807- Born Eliza Ann Chipman (1807-1853) Diarist and teacher.
1808 - Born Ann Martyn (1808- ????) first Canadian woman photographer.
1811 - Born Ann Harvey (1811-1860) heroine who risked her life to save people from floundering ships off Newfoundland.
October 6, 1811 - Born Mother Marie-Rose (Elalie Durocher) (1811-1849) founder of local community of Sisters of the Holy Name of Jesus and Mary. Beatified by Pope John Paul ll 1982.
18, 1812 - The United States declares war one Britain beginning the
War of 1812.
June 22, 1812 - Laura Secord overhears American Troops plotting an attack against the British and walks 30 km to sound the warning to Colonel James FitzGibbon.
1812 - Born Margaret Arnold McEwan (181`2-1883) heroine of the cholera epidemic in Sandwich, Ontario 1854
March 28, 1812 - Frances Ramsay Simpson (1812-1853) Lady Simpson, for whom Fort Frances was named after she visited the site.
1813 - Laura Secord
walks 32 km to
warn Lieutenant James Fitzgibbon of impending danger of attack by
September 1813-August 1816: "Black Refugees" Set Sail -British Vice-Admiral Alexander Cochrane's offer of transportation for anyone wanting to leave the United States was widely circulated among the Black population. Four thousand former slaves deserted to the British side and were transported to the British colonies. About 2000 refugees set sail for Nova Scotia from September 1813- August 1816. Source: Historica. Black History Timeline http://blackhistorycanada.ca/timeline.php?id=1800 (accessed March 2007)
June 27, 1816 - Born Maria Monk (1816- 1849) author of disrepute
March 19, 1818 - Born Elizabeth Bruyère (1818-1876) founder of Grey Sisters of Ottawa, and founder of schools and hospitals in Ottawa.
May 24, 1818 - Born Louisa Annie Murray (1818-1894) author
November 1, 1818 - Born Lydia Campbell (1818-1905) diarist of life and lore of 19th century Labrador.
July 6, 1819 - Born Isabella Binney Cogswell (1819-1874) humanitarian and philanthropist.
1820 - Born Mary Elizabeth Bibb (1820-1877) the first black woman journalist in Canada.
1820 - Born Matilda Davis (1820-1873) Pioneer educator.
1820 - Born Elizabeth Frame (1820-1913) teacher and author.
1820 - Born Maria Wait (1820 ca- 1948) Heroine who travelled to plead for her husband's life.
May 7, 1820 - Born Mary Teresa Dease (1820-1889) Superior-general of the Institute of Blessed virgin Mary in America
December 31, 1820- Born Mary Anne Sadlier (1820-1903) prolific author.
1821 - Born Augusta Baldwin (1821?-1884) poet.
|1822||1822 - Marguerite Magdelaine
Marcot La Famboise (1780-1846) retired as a wealthy Métis fur trader
in Michilmackinac territory in present day Michigan.
Source: Women in History: a timeline by Kirsten Smith, Postmedia news
March 3, 2011.
August 1, 1822 - Born Amelia Lemon Burritt (1822-1929) pioneer and suffragist.
1823 - Shawandithit, the last member of the native Beothuk
tribe, is captured by fur traders.
1823 - Born Mary Abbott (1823-1898) wife of Prime Minister John Joseph Abbott.
October 9, 1823 - Born Mary Ann Shadd Cary (1823-1893) first free black in North America to edit a newspaper.
April 161823 - Born Ester Pariseau, Mother Joseph (1823-1902) Member of Sisters of Charity and pioneer of the northwest coast of North America.
- Julia Catherine Hart (1796-1867.) writes the first work of
fiction by a native born Canadian to be published in
June 81824 - The frist Canadian for a washing machine is granted to Noah Cushing Source: The Kid's book of Canadian Firsts by Valerie Wyatt (Toronto : Kids Can Press, 2001) pg. 32
April 8 - Born Anne Molson (1824-1899) philanthropist wife of John Molson.
March 22, 1825 - Born Jane Mackenzie (1825-1893), wife of Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie.
1825 - Born Margaret Dixon McDougall (1826? - 1898) author and poet.
1825 - Born Rhoda Ann Page (1826-1863) author.
January 3, 1827 - Born Lititia Youmans (1827-1896) the first president of the Canadian Women's Temperance Union.
1828 - Teenager
insists on accompanying her father and younger
brother and their dog is saving 163 lives off the brig The Dispatch
which sank off Port aux Basques Newfoundland.
1828 - Born Mary Jane Lawson (1828 - 1890) , poet and historian.
February 9, 1828 - Born Marie Angèle Gauthier(1828-1898) , author and teacher, she taught aboriginal people in Duncan BC, knitting of Cowichan sweaters.
Shawandithit, the last member of the native
Beothuk tribe, dies of tuberculosis
1829 - Born Harriet Annie Wilkins (1829-1888) teacher and author.
January 12, 1829 -Born Rosanna Eleanora Leprohn, (1829-1879) novelist and poet.
1830 - Born ca 1830 Annie McDermot Bannatyne (1830 ca - 1908) social activist
March 14, 1830 - Born Abigail Becker Rohrer,(1830-1905) a heroine who helped save lives of crew member of the schooner, Conductor, her story seems to have been forgotten.
1831 - The earliest known Canadian cook-book is published in Kingston, Upper Canada (Ontario). Source : Cool Chronology at www.coolwomen.org (accessed July 2005)
May 1, 1831 - Born Emily Stowe (1831-1903) a social activist and feminist she studied medicine and became the first Canadian woman to practice medicine in Canada.
1831 - Died Marie Catherine Pélissier Sales Laterière (1755-1831) a woman who is a true symbol of one who fought for the rights of individuals.
January 25 - Died Marie Anne Paquet (de Saint Olivier) (1755-1831) Ursuline Mother Superior.
Catherine Parr Trail (1802-1899)
emigrates to Canada where she will become a respected
1832 - Born Mary Eliza Herbert (1832-1872) first woman editor and publisher of a magazine in Nova Scotia.
1833 - Born Sarah Anne Curzon, (1833-1898) champion of Canadian women's rights and author.
|1834||1834 - Slavery is
banned in the British Empire.
January 17, 1834- Born Hannah Maynard (1834-1918), renown portrait photographer.
October 27, 1834 - Born Helen Mar Johnson (1834-1863) poet.
|1836||1836 - Opening of Canada's first Railroad. It runs from St Johns, Quebec to La Prairie, Quebec.
1836 - Born Anna Louisa Walker Coghill (1836-1907) Poet and hymn writer.
August 24,1836 - Born Susan Agnes Bernard Macdonald (1836-1920) , Baroness Macdonald of Earnscliffe, second wife of Sir John A. Macdonald and Canada's firs "first lady".
|1837||1837 - Political uprisings known
as Rebellions of 1837 occur in both Upper and Lower Canada.
1837 - Teenagers Cornelia and Charlotte de Grassi, daughters of a British officer, Captain Phillipe de Grassi, help during the rebellion in Toronto by spying on the rebels and reporting to the British military. Source: Ontario Women's Directorate http://gov.on.ca/mczer/owd/english/students/de_grassi.htm (accessed February 5, 2003)
1937 - Born Jane Buchan (1837-1904) social activist.
1837 - Born Catherine McLennan (1837-1892) west coast social activist.
January 23, 1837 - Born Agnes Maule Machar (1837-1927) author, biographer and poet.
March 31, 1837 - Born Annie Rothwell Christie (1837- 1927) author.
Elizabeth Lount of York, Upper Canada presents her petition of
35,000 signatures demanding clemency for her husband, sentence to hang
for his part in the Rebellion of 1837. The Governor turned a deaf ear
to her pleas.
1838 - Maria Wait (1820 ca-1848) travels over 900 kilometers to plead with Lord Durham to spare her husband who has been sentenced to death for his participation in the 1837 Rebellion in Upper Canada. Source Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online edition. Under Benjamin Wait. (Accessed June 2006) The information is found under the entry of her husband. There is no entry for Maria herself in the DCB.
1839 - Born Rosa Portlock (1839-1928) author.
January 1, 1839 - Born Annie L. Jack , (1839-1912) Canada's first professional garden writer.
November 14, 1839 - Born Janet Carnochan (1839-1926) Teacher and historian.
September 18, 1839 - Died Jeanne Charlotte Allamand Berczy (1760-1839) Pioneer, painter and teacher and one of the founders of Toronto.
1840 - After the death of her husband, Sophia Sims Dalton (1785c-1859) takes over, and becomes the first woman in Toronto to run a newspaper, The Patriot.
February 10, 1841 - The
Act of Union unites Upper and Lower Canada as the Province of
1841 - Mrs. John Fletcher may have been the first woman to be a commercial daguerreotypist ( early photographic process) in North America if not the world. She accompanied her husband, a doctor and phrenological lecturer about the Canadian Maritimes producing some photographs of their trip. The couple disappear from all records after this time and it is assumed they returned to England. Source : Graham Garrett.
1841 - Born Anne Marie Weems (1841- ) a former slave who survived the underground railroad.
April 21, 1841 - Born Jenny (Jennie) Trout,(1841-1921) pioneer medical doctor, the first Canadian woman licensed to practice medicine in Canada.
April 25, 1841- Died Charlotte Taylor (1752(?)-1841), Mother of Tabusintac. New Brunswick. * May have been born between 1752-1755)
August 3, 1841 - Born Juliana Horatia Ewing (1841-1885) poet and writer of children's novels set in Canada.
November 7, 1841 - Born Mary Elizabeth Jane Muchall (1841-1892) poet, journalist and writer of short stories.
December 1841 - Born Sarah Emma Evelyn Edmonds (1841-1898) Army nurse and spy in the American Civil War
February 15, 1841 - Died Mary Barbara Fisher (1749-1841) Loyalist pioneer of Canadian Maritimes.
March 29, 1842 - Born Amelia Yeomans (1842-1913) pioneer medical doctor and feminist.
1843 - Born Charlotte Whitehead Ross (1843-1916) first woman doctor in Montreal and in the province of Manitoba.
May 4, 1843 - Born Clemetina Fessenden (1843 - 1918) founder of the I.O.D.E.
June 1 - Born Margaret Smith Polson Murray (1844-1927) a social activist and founder of the Independent Order of the Daughters of the Empire.
September 29 - Born Matilda Edgar (1844-1910) historian.
|1845||February 20 - Elizabeth Bruyère
and three other Sisters of Charity arrive by sled on
the frozen Ottawa River. They were dispatched from Montreal to help
the beleaguered parish priest who was threatening to leave. They would
establish a school, an orphanage and a hospital to help the small
1845 - Born Rosetta Ernestine Carr née Watson (1845?-1907) photographer.
1845 - Born Onésime Dorval (1845-1932) the first trained teacher in the Red River area and a National Historic Person of Canada
January 9, 1845 - Born Felicité Angers (Laure Conan), (1845-1924) The first French Canadian woman novelist. A witness to her time.
July 5, 1845 - Born Margaret Ross (1845-1935) Biographer
August 7 - Born Anna Swan (1846-1888) in her day she was the tallest woman in the world some 228 cm (7'6").
April 4 - Marguerite Magdelaine La Framboise (1780-1846 fur trader and businesswoman.
|1847||1847 - Ottawa is hit with a typhus epidemic. Elizabeth Bruyère and the Grey Nuns are instrumental is establishing an hospital and caring for victims. Shortly after an Orphanages is established by Bruyère for the surviving children who are without family.|
January 29, 1848 - Born Frances Ester (Hester) How, (1848-1915) teacher.
March 17, 1848 - Born Clara Morrison (1848-1925), stage actress known as the "Queen of the Melodramas".
March 17, 1848 - Born Ruth Morton (1848-1939) west coast pioneer
1848 - Died Maria Wait (1820 ca- 1848) heroine who travelled to save her husband's life.
1949 - Born Sarah Foulds Camsell (1849-1939) Pioneer of Red River Manitoba.
August 2, 1849 - Born Bertha Rosenthal 1849- 1922) a leading woman in the Ottawa Area.
1849 - Died - Maria Monk ( 1816-1849) author of disrepute.
October 6, 1849 - - Died Mother Marie-Rose (Elalie Durocher) (1811-1849) founder of local community of Sisters of the Holy Name of Jesus and Mary. Beatified by Pope John Paul ll 1982.